Ardhaharavarasamudra, Ardhahāravarasamudra, Ardhaharavara-samudra: 1 definition
Ardhaharavarasamudra means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Ardhahāravarasamudra (अर्धहारवरसमुद्र) is the name of an ocean (samudra) surrouding the continent of Ardhahāravaradvīpa (or simply Ardhahāravara), according to Jain cosmology. The Ardhahāravarasamudra and Ardhahāravaradvīpa are situated in the middle-world (madhyaloka), which contains innumerable concentric continents (dvīpa), each surrounded by their own ocean. The middle-world, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born. Ardhahāravarasamudra is also known as plainly Ardhahāravara.
Ardhahāravarasamudra is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
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