Arci, Arcin: 17 definitions


Arci means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Archi.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Arci (अर्चि).—The female child born from the arms of Vena, churned by the sages. An aṃśa of Lakṣmī, and a queen of Pṛthu.1 Follows Pṛthu to the forest and at his death performs sati, evoking praise from goddesses.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 15. 5-6.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 23. 19-28.

1b) Wife of Krśāśva and mother of Dhūmrakeśa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 20.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Arci (अर्चि) refers to “flames”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] (The four sacred seats) have the aforementioned flames (arci) and the hosts of Siddhas. It is part of the (Sequences of) the Child, the Youth, and the Aged which are is located in the three pure (places—triśuddhi—the genitals, heart, and head) and are associated with the Triple Principle (of the Self, Vidyā, and Śiva, respectively)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Arcin (अर्चिन्) refers to a “worshipper” (of Śiva), according to the Śivayogadīpikā by Sadāśivayogīśvara: a text dealing with Śaivism and Haṭhayoga in two hundred and eighty-nine verses.—Accordingly, while discussing the difference between Rājayoga and Śaivayoga: “Truly, Śiva’s yoga is not identical to Rājayoga. [This] is so said by worshippers (arcin) of Śiva [and] it is apparent to the [higher faculty of] discernment. The difference between the two is taught to those devoted to Śiva. Therefore, the yoga of Śiva is understood only by [those] wise men. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Arci (अर्चि) is one of the nine anudiśas: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

The nava-anudiśas (e.g., Arci) are called so because they have nine heavenly abodes one in each of the eight directions. Which thought-colourations are there in Graivaiyaka, Anudiśa and Anuttara gods? They have pure white thought-colouration.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arci (अर्चि).—f. [arc-ina] Ray, flame (of fire or of the morning twilight); आसीदासन्ननिर्वाणः प्रदीपार्चिरिवोषसि (āsīdāsannanirvāṇaḥ pradīpārcirivoṣasi) R.12.1; नैशस्यार्चिर्हुतभुज इव च्छिन्नभूयिष्ठधूमा (naiśasyārcirhutabhuja iva cchinnabhūyiṣṭhadhūmā) V.1.9.

Derivable forms: arciḥ (अर्चिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arcin (अर्चिन्).—a.

1) Praising, honouring, worshipping.

2) Shining as a ray of light, radiating; स माया अर्चिना पदा (sa māyā arcinā padā) Ṛgveda 8.41.8. m. (-rcī) A ray of light.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arci (अर्चि).—f.

(-rciḥ) Flame. E. arca to worship, in aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arci (अर्चि).—[arc + i], m. Flame, Chr. 288, 13 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 13; [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 12, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arci (अर्चि).—[masculine] beam, flame; p. arcimant & arcivant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arci (अर्चि):—[from arc] m. (chiefly [Vedic or Veda]) ray, flame, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (for aṃśa) Name of one of the twelve Ādityas [commentator or commentary] on [???]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arcin (अर्चिन्):—[from arc] mfn. (said of Varuṇa’s foot) shining, [Ṛg-veda viii, 41, 8]

2) [v.s. ...] = arcatri q.v., [Ṛg-veda ii, 34, 1 and v, 45, 1] Name of a man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arci (अर्चि):—(ciḥ) 2. f. Flame.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arci in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Arci (ಅರ್ಚಿ):—

1) [noun] a mass or stream of vapour or gas in a state of combustion, seen as a flickering light of various colours; flame.

2) [noun] brightness; radiance; brilliance; lustre.

3) [noun] a ray of light.

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Arci (ಅರ್ಚಿ):—[noun] (dial.) an eye disease in which the crystalline lens or its capsule becomes opaque, causing partial or total blindness; cataract.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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