Apupa, Apūpa, Āpūpa: 20 definitions


Apupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Apūpa (अपूप) refers to “small pies” and is mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 2.5.9.—Accordingly, as Brahmā asked Śrī Bhagavān, “O Lord, tell me the procedure for Naivedya (food-offering) as it is actually practised. State fully how many kinds of cooked food are desired and what are the side dishes etc.? Śrī Bhagavān said: ‘[...] I shall state fully the (varieties) of food, drinks etc. and side dishes as well. [...] He also should get prepared Apūpa (small pies) and varieties of milk-preparations. [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Apūpa (अपूप) refers to a kind of cake, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Apūpa is a kind of cake made of rice or barley mixed with ghee. It is recommended as a gift for the gods, the Brāhmaṇas and the relatives (vv. 415, 470, 502).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Apūpa (अपूप) refers to “cake”, which when fried in ghee (ghṛta), forms a preferable constituent for a great offering, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the great offering of eatables shall be made to Śiva especially in the month of Dhanus. The constituent parts of the great offering are as follows:—[...] cake (apūpa) fried in ghee (ghṛta) [...] This great offering of eatables made to the deities shall be distributed among devotees m the order of their castes”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Apūpa (अपूप) refers to “flour cakes”, used in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.145-146a of the 8th-century Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “cakes of flour (apūpa) are cooked with ghee, shaken to and fro with the paste of wheat and śal along with the cooked jaggery, cooked with the essence of green gram and pieces of coconut pulp and jīraka and pepper”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Apūpa (अपूप) refers to cakes made from barley (yava) according to the Śatapathabrāhmaṇa II.2.3.13, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Barley (yava) is the ancient staple food known to Vedic Indians and thus it enjoyed the staple food status in this period. [...] Śatapathabrāhmaṇa mentions the malted barley known as tokma. Apūpas, the cakes made from barley is mentioned in this Brāhmaṇa. [...] Barley preparations like yavāgū, dhāna, yāvaka and apūpa can be seen referred to in Mahābhārata.

Apūpa is perhaps the earliest sweet preparation in the Vedic period as Ṛgveda (X.45.9) refers to this dish. Atharvaveda (XVIII.4.22) describes that the honey was used to sweeten these apūpas. Pālala, saṃyāva and apūpa are the sweet preparations referred to in the aphorisms of Pāṇini (Aṣṭādhyāyi VI.2.128).

Apūpa (a type of cake) is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., apūpa (cake)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., liquid yavāni or kaṇāmūla] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Apūpā (अपूपा):—Which is made out of Barley, it removes ailments such as Udāvarta, Pratishaya (coryza), Kasa (Cough), Gala Roga (Throat diseases) etc.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Apūpa (अपूप)—One of the food-preparations mentioned in the Ṛg-veda.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apūpa (अपूप).—m (S) A sort of bread light and rich.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apūpa (अपूप).—m A sort of bread, light and rich.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apūpa (अपूप).—[na pūyate viśīryate, pū-pa. na. ta. Tv.]

1) A small round cake of flour, meal &c. (Mar. vaḍā, ghāragā, anarasā &c.), thicker than ordinary cakes and mixed with sugar and spices; कृसरसंयावं पायसापूपमेव (kṛsarasaṃyāvaṃ pāyasāpūpameva) Manusmṛti 5.7. भीमेना- तिबलेन मत्स्यभवनेऽपूपा न संघट्टिताः (bhīmenā- tibalena matsyabhavane'pūpā na saṃghaṭṭitāḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.172; अपूपं गुरवे तं च सामृतं स न्यवेदयत् (apūpaṃ gurave taṃ ca sāmṛtaṃ sa nyavedayat) | Bm.1.38.

2) Wheat.

3) Honeycomb. आदित्यो देवमंधु (ādityo devamaṃdhu)...अन्तरिक्षमपूपो (antarikṣamapūpo) Chān. Up.3.1.1.

-śālā a Sweetmeat shop; सभाप्रपापूपशाला (sabhāprapāpūpaśālā) Manusmṛti 9.264.

Derivable forms: apūpaḥ (अपूपः).

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Āpūpa (आपूप).—A kind of metal (perhaps tin).

Derivable forms: āpūpam (आपूपम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apūpa (अपूप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Cake of flour, meal, &c. 2. Wheat. E. pūya to split with a neg. prefixed; pa affixed, and ya dropped.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apūpa (अपूप).—m. A cake, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apūpa (अपूप).—[masculine] cake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apūpa (अपूप):—m. (cf. pūpa), cake of flour, meal, etc., [Ṛg-veda] etc.

2) a kind of fine bread

3) honeycomb, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

4) wheat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apūpa (अपूप):—[tatpurusha compound] (?) m.

(-paḥ) 1) A cake of flour, meal &c.; comp. yavāpūpa, guḍāpūpa, tilāpūpa, vrīhyapūpa; (it is not an annavikāra q. v. according to the best authorities; but it would seem to be one, if the definition of a medical dictionary is correct: ‘a kind of light, rich and sweet cake’); used also of the puroḍāśa, e. g. in the Ṛgv. or Vājas. verse: yaste adya kṛṇavadbhadraśocepūpaṃ deva ghṛtavantamagne; or in the Mīmāṃsā Sūtra: akriyā vāpūpahetutvāt; comp. also apūpavat.

2) Wheat (according to a medical dictionary, a large kind of wheat). Also pūpa. E. Probably a contraction of apavāpa (vap with apa, kṛt aff. ghañ); the native comm. propose various improbable etym. which are thus exhibited in the Śabdamuktamahārṇava: pūñ pavane . asmātsaṃpadāditvātkvip (Pāṇ. Iii. 3. 108. V. 9.) pavanaṃ pūḥ . na pūḥ apūḥ . apūpapadātpānārthādrakṣaṇārthādvā pādhātorātonupasarga iti kaḥ (Pāṇ. Iii. 2. 3.) āto lopa iti (Pāṇ. Vi. 4. 64.) ākāralopaḥ . apuvaṃ pāti pibati vetyapūpaḥ . yadvā . pūyī viśaraṇe asmādvāhulakātpaḥ . (comp. Uṇnādis. 3. 23 ff.) lopo vyorvalīti (Pāṇ. Vi. 1. 66.) yalopaḥ . na pūyyata iti vigrahaḥ (these are the proposals of Bhānud.) . mukuṭastu . uktadhātornopādayaśceti papratyayamāha . tadapāṇinīyam .. athavā . ṭuvapa vījasaṃtāne . apśabdopapadādasmādghaññarthe kaḥ . yajāditvādvacisvapīti (Pāṇ. Vi. 1. 15.) saṃprasāraṇam . anyeṣāmapīti (Pāṇ. Vi. 3. 137.) dīrghaḥ . āpa upyantetreti vigrahaḥ (when the word would be a [bahuvrihi compound] of ap and ūpa instead of upa; but even if such an upa existed, the word would then not be apūpa, but abūpa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apūpa (अपूप):—[a-pūpa] (paḥ) 1. m. Cake of flour.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Apūpa (अपूप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Apūya, Apūva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apupa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Apūpa (ಅಪೂಪ):—

1) [noun] name of various light eatable, as ದೋಸೆ, ಒಬ್ಬಟ್ಟು, ಇಡ್ಡಲಿ, [dose, obbattu, iddali,] etc.

2) [noun] the grass Triticum aestivum of Triticum family and its nutritous grains; wheat.

3) [noun] a box or other shelter for a colony of bees, in which they make and store honey; a beehive.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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