Aptoryama, Aptoryāma, Āptoryāma: 10 definitions


Aptoryama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Aptoryama in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Aptoryāma (अप्तोर्याम).—A yāga;1 from the fourth face of Brahmā.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 51.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 53.

2) Āptoryāma (आप्तोर्याम).—A sacrifice1 created from the west face of Brahmā.2 (north face, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 40.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 56.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Aptoryāma (अप्तोर्याम) refers to one of the seven Somasaṃsthās or Somayajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Aptoryāma] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)

Aptoryāma (अप्तोर्याम) refers to the “sacrifice performed for attaining all the desired results” and represents one of the various rituals mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Aptoryāma is one of the seven somayajñas.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āptoryāma.—(CII 3), name of a sacrifice. Note: āptoryāma is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aptoryama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aptoryāma (अप्तोर्याम).—m. Name of a sacrifice and of a verse of the Sāma Veda closing that rite; the last or 7th part of the Jyotiṣṭoma sacrifice.

Derivable forms: aptoryāmaḥ (अप्तोर्यामः).

See also (synonyms): aptoryāman.

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Āptoryāma (आप्तोर्याम).—A kind of यज्ञ (yajña) in the सप्तसोमसंस्था (saptasomasaṃsthā).

Derivable forms: āptoryāmaḥ (आप्तोर्यामः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Aptoryāma (अप्तोर्याम) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—śr. Oppert. Ii, 5309. 8613.
—Āpast. Oppert. Ii, 10282.
—Baudh. Oppert. Ii, 7338.

2) Āptoryāma (आप्तोर्याम):—See Aptoryāma.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aptoryāma (अप्तोर्याम):—[=aptor-yāma] [from aptu] ([Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.) ([Pbr, [Lāṭyāyana]]) m. a particular way of offering the Soma sacrifice.

2) Āptoryāma (आप्तोर्याम):—[=āptor-yāma] [from āp] = apt°, [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aptoryāma (अप्तोर्याम):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-maḥ) (ved.)

1) The name of a sacrifice, viz. of the seventh or last part (somasaṃsthā) of the Jyotiṣṭoma; (Mādhava in enumerating the seven parts of the Jyotiṣṭoma, in his Jaiminiyanyāyam.,—accord. to all the Mss. of this work within my reach—makes it, the sixth part of the latter, but he is at variance in this respect with the older authorities of the Kalpasūtras and of Kumārila's Vārttikas); it is not nitya or obligatory for the performance of this sacrifice, like the Agniṣṭoma (q. v.), but kāmya or voluntary, and instituted merely for the attainment of a specific desire. See jyotiṣṭoma.

2) The name of a Śamavedaverse, becauses it closes the ceremonies connected with the sacrifice of this name. E. aptos (abl. of aptu) and yāma. The literal meaning of this word would be in conformity with the definition of the Prauḍhamanoramā, ‘a sacrifice which procures the attainment of the desired object’: aptuḥ śarīramiti . abhilaṣitārthaśca . āptavyatvāt . ata evāptoryāmaśabdasyābhilaṣitārthaprāpaka ityavayavārthamāhuḥ, when aptoḥ would be, not the ablat., but the genitive of aptu 4. q. v., and yāma have the sense of prāpaka; but it is more probable that yāma means ‘termination’ and that aptoḥ represents the abl. of aptu q. v., i. e. ‘the last part (scil. of the Jyotiṣṭoma, performed) on account of obtaining, scil. the desired object’; according to the comm. of Śatap. Xiii. 7. 1. 9., however, the word would derive its meaning from ‘the Aptoryāma sacrifice and verse including the sacrifices and verses called severally Agniṣṭoma, Ukthya, Shoḍaśin and Atirātra qq. vv.’: Śatap. sarveṣāṃ yajñakratūnāmāptyai; Harisvāmin: sarveṣāṃ yajñakratūnāmiti . sarvāṇyagniṣṭomokthyaṣoḍaśyatirātranāmāni [to be read thus probably instead of the meaningless ‘ºnāmiṃ (?)’ in the present publication of Extracts from this comm.] stotraśastrāṇi cāptoryāmentarbhavantītyabhiprāyaḥ; when aptoḥ would mean ‘on account of obtaining or comprising’, scil. Agniṣṭoma &c.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aptoryama in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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