Apriya: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Apriya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Apriy.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Apriya (अप्रिय) refers to “speech that is tactlessly hurtful” and represents a type of nindya (reprehensible speech), which itself is a division of untruth (asatya) according to Amitagati’s classification in his 11th-century Śrāvakācāra verses (6.49-54). These asatyas are related to the satya-vrata (vow of truth). Speech that is tactlessly hurtful (apriya) as, for example, in alluding to a person’s physical deformity. Nothing should be said to cause embarrassment, anxiety, or unhappiness to others.

Amitagati’s classification of these untruths (e.g., nindya and apriya) is given not only by the Digambaras Amitagati and Amṛtacandra but also in the Yoga-śāstra where the treatment goes back directly to Siddhasena’s commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra (verse 7.9) and indeed to the Śvetāmbara Bhāṣya.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apriya (अप्रिय).—a (S) Disagreeable, unpleasant, unliked.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apriya (अप्रिय).—f Disagreeable, unliked, unpleasant, offensive.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apriya (अप्रिय).—a.

1) Disliked, disagreeable, unpleasant, offensive अप्रियस्य च पथ्यस्य वक्ता श्रोता च दुर्लभः (apriyasya ca pathyasya vaktā śrotā ca durlabhaḥ) Rām.; Ms.4. 138; अतः समीपे परिणेतुरिष्यते तदप्रियापि प्रमदा स्वबन्धुभिः (ataḥ samīpe pariṇeturiṣyate tadapriyāpi pramadā svabandhubhiḥ) Ś.5. 17; hated, distasteful.

2) Unkind, unfriendly.

-yaḥ A foe, an enemy.

-yā A sort of fish (śṛṅgīmatsyaḥ).

-yam An unfriendly or offensive act; पाणिग्राहस्य साध्वी स्त्री (pāṇigrāhasya sādhvī strī)......नाचरेत्किञ्चिदप्रियम् (nācaretkiñcidapriyam) Ms.5.156.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apriya (अप्रिय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) 1. Disliked, disagreeable. 2. Unkind, unfriendly. m.

(-yaḥ) A foe, an enemy. f.

(-yā) A sort of skeat fish, (Silurus pungentissimus.) E. a neg. priya beloved.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apriya (अप्रिय).—I. adj. unkind, offensive, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 156. Ii. m. an enemy, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 62.

Apriya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and priya (प्रिय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apriya (अप्रिय).—[adjective] unkind, unfriendly, disagreeable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apriya (अप्रिय):—[=a-priya] mfn. disagreeable, disliked

2) [v.s. ...] unkind, unfriendly

3) [v.s. ...] m. a foe, an enemy, [Manu-smṛti]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Yakṣa, [Buddhist literature]

5) Apriyā (अप्रिया):—[=a-priyā] [from a-priya] f. a sort of skeat fish, Silurus Pungentissimus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apriya (अप्रिय):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-yaḥ-yā-yam) 1) Unkind, un-friendly; e. g. in the Taittirīya-Up.: pari yepriyā bhrātṛvyāḥ.

2) Disliked, disagreeable, offensive; e. g. in the Hitopad.: na strīṇāmapriyaḥ kaścitpriyo vāpi na vidyate . gāvastṛṇamivāraṇye prārthayanti navaṃ navam; or apriyasyāpi pathyasya pariṇāmaḥ sukhāvahaḥ; or in the Bhaṭṭik.: ūrdhvaṃ mriye muhūrtāddhi vihvalaḥ kṣatabāndhavaḥ . mantre sma hitamākhyāmi na karomi tavāpriyam; or in Gaurapāda on the Sāṅkhyakār.: priyasamāgamāpriyaparihārakaṭutiktakaṣāyādikvāthādibhirdṛṣṭa eva ādhyātmikopāyaḥ. 2. m.

(-yaḥ) 1) A foe, an enemy.

2) The name of a Yaksha (in Buddhistic mythology). 3. f.

(-yā) A sort of skeat (Silurus pungentissimus). E. a neg. and priya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apriya (अप्रिय):—[a-priya] (yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a. Disliked. 1. m. A foe. 1. f. A sort of sheat-fish.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Apriya (अप्रिय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Apiya, Appiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apriya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Apriya (अप्रिय) [Also spelled apriy]:—(a) unpleasant, disagreeable offensive; ~[] unpleasantness, offensiveness, disagreeability; ~[vādī] ill-tongued, harsh-spoken.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Apriya (ಅಪ್ರಿಯ):—

1) [adjective] not to one’s taste; unpleasant; offensive; disagreeable; that is against one’s liking.

2) [adjective] lacking kindness; unkind; kindless.

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Apriya (ಅಪ್ರಿಯ):—

1) [noun] an unfriendly man; a man who is not liked.

2) [noun] a person who hates another, and wishes or tries to injure him; a foe; an enemy.

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Aprīya (ಅಪ್ರೀಯ):—[adjective] = ಅಪ್ರಿಯ [apriya]1.

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Aprīya (ಅಪ್ರೀಯ):—[noun] hatred; want of liking.

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Aprēma (ಅಪ್ರೇಮ):—

1) [adjective] lacking love, afection.

2) [adjective] want of kindness, pity or sympathy.

--- OR ---

Aprēma (ಅಪ್ರೇಮ):—[noun] one who is without love.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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