Apratigha: 10 definitions


Apratigha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Apratigha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Apratigha (अप्रतिघ) refers to “that which offering no resistance” and is used to describe the consciousnesses, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—Accordingly, “Neither the ear-organ (śrotrendriya), nor the auditory consciousness (śrotravijñāna), nor the mental consciousness (manovijñāna) are able to hear sounds. The coming together of many causes and conditions (hetuprayaya-saṃnipāta) is necessary to be able to hear sounds. It cannot be said that one single dharma hears sounds. Why? The ear-organ, lacking intellect (avabodha), cannot hear sounds; the consciousnesses, both auditory consciousness as well as mental [consciousness], being non-material (arūpin), offering no resistance (apratigha) and outside of space (adeśastha), are not able to hear sounds. [...]”.

2) Apratigha (अप्रतिघ) refers to “non-resistant” representing non-existant characteristics of the Ātman, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 31).—Accordingly, “[...] The class of morality (śīlaskandha) has form (rūpasvabhāva), is invisible (anidarśana), non-resistant (apratigha), pure (anāsrava), conditioned (saṃskṛta), non-retribution (avipāka), the result of causes and conditions (hetupratyayaja), included in the three times (tryadhvasaṃgṛhīta), included in form (rūpasaṃgṛhīta), not included in name (na nāmasaṃgṛhīta), included in the outer bases of consciousness (bāhyāyatanasaṃgṛhīta), not to be destroyed by meditation (na bhāvanayā prahātavya) and not to be destroyed by seeing (na darśanena prahātavya), something to be cultivated (bhāvanādharma) and something non-defiled (asaṃkliṣṭadharma), being fruit (phala) and involving a fruit (saphala), not being either feeling (na vedanādharma) nor derived from the four great elements (na bhautika), not something of subordinate rank (na sottaradharma) nor a cause associated with existence (na bhavasaṃprayuktahetu). [...]”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Apratigha (अप्रतिघ) refers to “absence of hostility”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Son of good family, there are eight purities of patience of the Bodhisattvas, which are like open space. What are these eight? (1) the purity of patience without any hostile intent toward all living beings (sarvasatva-apratigha-citta) just as there is no hostile intent in open space; (2) the purity of patience without any attachment just as open space has no desire for profit and honour; (3) the purity of patience which is the equal attitude toward all living beings just as open space is united equally; (4) the purity of unimpaired patience [although] with diminishing body and thought just as open space is unimpaired; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apratigha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apratigha (अप्रतिघ).—a.

1) Not to be vanquished, invincible.

2) Not to be warded or kept off; यत्तु दुःखसमायुक्तम- प्रीतिकरमात्मनः । तद्रजोऽप्रतिपं (yattu duḥkhasamāyuktama- prītikaramātmanaḥ | tadrajo'pratipaṃ) (ghaṃ) विद्यात् (vidyāt) Manusmṛti 12.28.

3) Not angry.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apratigha (अप्रतिघ).—adj. 1. what cannot be warded off, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 28. 2. irresistible, Mahābhārata 2, 143. Niṣpratigha, i. e.

Apratigha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and pratigha (प्रतिघ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apratigha (अप्रतिघ).—[adjective] not to be kept off, irresistible.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apratigha (अप्रतिघ):—[=a-pratigha] mfn. (√han), not to be kept off, not to be vanquished, [Manu-smṛti xii, 28, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apratigha (अप्रतिघ):—[bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-ghaḥ-ghā-gham) What cannot be warded off or hindered, against what there is no defence; as the quality rajas; e. g. Manu: tadrajopratidhaṃ vidyātsatataṃ hāri dehinām. E. a priv. and pratigha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apratigha (अप्रतिघ):—[a-pratigha] (ghaḥ-ghā-ghaṃ) Friendly.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apratigha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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