Apavarga: 22 definitions


Apavarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Apavarga in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—The final beatitude from sūkṣma, the latter to be realised by jñāna; cf. saṅkhya k. 44. jñānena cāpavargaḥ. From this results vyāpaka; from this comes Puruṣa and from it the highest bliss.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 13. 22.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Apavarga (अपवर्ग) refers to “exception” and is the name of a yukti, or ‘technical division’, according to which the contents of the Arthaśāstra by Cāṇakya are grouped. Cāṇakya (4th-century BCE), aka Kauṭilya, was the chief minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the famous Maurya Empire.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—Achievement; cf, फलप्राप्तौ सत्यां क्रियापरिसमाप्तिः अपवर्गः (phalaprāptau satyāṃ kriyāparisamāptiḥ apavargaḥ) see Kāś. on अपवर्गे, तृतीया (apavarge, tṛtīyā) P.II.3.6.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Apavarga in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Apavarga (अपवर्ग, “liberation”) refers to one of the twelve prameya (“objects of valid knowledge) according to the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). Prameya in turn represents the second of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Accordingly, “apavarga means absolute freedom from all sufferings”.

Source: academia.edu: Religious Inclusivism in the Writings of an Early Modern Sanskrit Intellectual (nyaya)

Apavarga (अपवर्ग) or Jñānaviṣaya (Cf. Jayantabhaṭṭa) refers to “final liberation”, according to Jayanta Bhaṭṭa (ninth–tenth century), the great Naiyāyika from Kashmir, who was a close reader of Kumārila’s work.—In the [Nyāyamañjarī], Jayanta presents another, more inclusivist position according to which all religious scriptures are equally valid (sarvāgamaprāmāṇya). The imagined proponent of this view compares, in a way akin to neo-Hindus, the many means (abhyupāya) taught by the various distinct āgamas to the streams (pravāha) of the Ganges that flow into the same ocean. Although they differ in terms of their object of knowledge (jñāna-viṣaya), all āgamas converge upon the same summum bonum (upeya) taught in all śāstras―final liberation (apavarga)―and also agree that knowledge is the only means (upāya) to achieve this goal.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Apavarga (अपवर्ग):—[apavargaḥ] Statements which indicate or include an exception to a general rule.

2) [apavargaḥ] Final beatitude, the final deliverance of the soul from bondage of matter

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Apavarga (अपवर्ग) refers to “liberation”, according to Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.6.—Accordingly, “[...] Ordinary human practice [can even occur] with an object such as the sense organs, or heaven and liberation (svarga-apavarga), although [these always remain] beyond the reach of the sense organs, [but] only inasmuch as they are [somehow] manifest in the concept [representing them]. And [since it is] so, being an object is nothing but having a form that is [presently] being manifest, and the goal [of human practice] only concerns what is merely such [and nothing beyond manifestation]”

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Apavarga (अपवर्ग) refers to “liberation (from the world)”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] O goddess, I praise you with mind and speech. Your greatness is primordial. Your limbs are slightly ruddy like the morning sun, and you have made the triple world happy. You are the bride of the god [i.e., Śiva], and possess a body inseparable [from his]. You bestow worldly enjoyment and also liberation from [the world] (apavarga-phaladā). You are the stream [of consciousness or immortality], O ruler of worlds. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Apavarga (अपवर्ग) refers to “liberation”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Certainly, O friend, these twelve reflections are the female friends of those whose good fortune is liberation (apavarga-śrī) [and] they are practised to procure their friendship by wise men who are absorbed in connection [with them]. When these [reflections] are correctly done constantly for the pleasure of the lords of Yogīs (i.e. the Jinas), a joyful woman in the form of liberation with a heart kindly disposed to love, is produced”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apavarga (अपवर्ग).—m S Final emancipation or beatitude; exemption from further transmigration.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apavarga (अपवर्ग).—m Final emancipation or beatitude.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—&c.

--- OR ---

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—

1) Completion, end, fufilment or accomplishment of an action; अपवर्गे तृतीया (apavarge tṛtīyā) P.II.3.6;III.4. 6; (apavargaḥ = kriyāprāptiḥ or samāptiḥ Sk.) तेषां चैवापवर्गाय मार्गं पश्यामि नाण्डज (teṣāṃ caivāpavargāya mārgaṃ paśyāmi nāṇḍaja) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.113.17. क्रियापवर्गेष्वनुजीविसात्कृताः (kriyāpavargeṣvanujīvisātkṛtāḥ) Kirātārjunīya 1.14; अपवर्गे तृतीयेति भणतः पाणिनेरपि (apavarge tṛtīyeti bhaṇataḥ pāṇinerapi) N.17.68; Ki. 16.49; पञ्च° (pañca°) coming to an end in 5 days.

2) An exception, special rule; अभिव्याप्यापकर्षणमपवर्गः (abhivyāpyāpakarṣaṇamapavargaḥ) Suśr.

3) Absolution, final beatitude; अपवर्गमहोदयार्थयोर्भुवमंशाविव धर्मयोर्गतौ (apavargamahodayārthayorbhuvamaṃśāviva dharmayorgatau) R.8.16; ज्ञानेन चापवर्गः (jñānena cāpavargaḥ) Sāṅkhya K.44

4) A gift, donation.

5) Abandonment. आत्मदोषापवर्गेण तद्याच्ञा जनमोहिनी (ātmadoṣāpavargeṇa tadyācñā janamohinī) Bhāgavata 1.23.46.;

6) Throwing, discharge (as of arrows); मुष्टेरसंभेद इवापवर्गे (muṣṭerasaṃbheda ivāpavarge) Kirātārjunīya 16.2.

7) Cessation, end; क्रियाणामर्थशेषत्वात् प्रत्यक्षतस्तन्निवृत्त्या अपवर्गः स्यात् (kriyāṇāmarthaśeṣatvāt pratyakṣatastannivṛttyā apavargaḥ syāt) | Manusmṛti 11.1.27.

Derivable forms: apavargaḥ (अपवर्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) 1. Final beatitude, the delivery of the soul from the body, and exemption from farther transmigration. 2. Abandoning, quitting. 3. The fruit or consequences of any completed act. 4. The completion of any act. 5. Any act brought to a conclusion. 6. End, completion. E. apa from, vṛj to forsake, ghañ affix, and ga substituted for ja.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—i. e. apa-vṛj + a, m. Completion; the delivery of the soul from the body; final beatitude, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—[masculine] completion, end, final delivery.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apavarga (अपवर्ग):—[=apa-varga] a etc. See apa-√vṛj.

2) [=apa-varga] [from apa-vṛj] b m. completion, end (e.g. pañcāpavarga, coming to an end in five days), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the emancipation of the soul from bodily existence, exemption from further transmigration

4) [v.s. ...] opp. to svarga (in [philosophy])

5) [v.s. ...] final beatitude, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] gift, donation, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] restriction (of a rule), [Suśruta; Śulba-sūtra]

8) [v.s. ...] shooting off (an arrow), [Kirātārjunīya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apavarga (अपवर्ग):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-rgaḥ) 1) Completion, complete performance of an act (comp. apavṛkti); e. g. kriyāpavargeṣvanujīvisātkṛtāḥ kṛtajñatāmasya (scil. rājñaḥ) vadanti saṃpadaḥ; in this sense the word is used in the Mīmāṃsā Sūtras, e. g. kriyāṇāmarthaśeṣatvātpratyakṣatastannirvṛttyāpavargaḥ syāt . dharmamātre tvadarśanācchabdārthenāpavargaḥ syāt; and in Pāṇini's Sūtr. e. g. apavarge tṛtīyā; or in the Vārtt. to Iii. 2. 123: nyāyyā tvārambhānapavargāt (see apavṛkta). Comp. also kriyāpavarga in distinction from sādhanāpavarga.

2) Complete delivery, i. e. the delivery of the soul from the body and consequent exemption from the sufferings connected with transmigration; final beatitude (Snonymous terms are mukti, mokṣa, niḥśreyasa; but while apavarga is used in the sense ‘final beatitude’ especially in the Sāṅkhya-, Yoga- and Nyāya Sūtras, the former terms (qq. vv.) have been generally preferred, to express the same notion, by the authors of the Vedānta and Vaiśeṣika S.; for the latter and the Mīmāṃsā S. compare also the preceding and the following meaning.); e. g. Nyāya Sūtr.: tadatyantavimokṣo pavargaḥ ‘final beatitude is the complete deliverance from it (i. e. from pain)’; Sāṅkhya Sūtr.: dvayorekatarasya vaudāsīnyamapavargaḥ ‘final beatitude is the indifference of both or of either of them (viz. of Matter and Soul, i. e. their separation); Yoga Sūtr.: prakāśakriyāsthitiśīlaṃ bhūtendriyātmakaṃ bhogāpavargārthaṃ dṛśyam (Bhojadeva: apavargo vivekakhyātipūrvikā saṃsāranivṛttiḥapavarga is freedom from transmigration as the result of clear discrimination’). Final beatitude being promised by each philosophy as the reward of a correct knowledge of its principles, the mode of attaining it differs, of course, with the doctrine; e. g. Nyāya Sūtr.: duḥkhajanmapravṛttidoṣamithyājñānānāmuttarottarāpāye tadanantarāpāyādapavargaḥ ‘final beatitude takes place after the consecutive annihilation of wrong knowledge which is conducive to the annihilation of defects (i. e. passions, love, hatred &c.) and so on successively to that of exertion (rightful or wrong), of re-birth and of pain; the topics of knowledge being in the Nyāya ‘Soul, body, organs of sensation, objects of sense, intellect, imagination, exertion, defects as passions &c., the state of the soul after death or re-birth, retribution, pain and final beatitude’ (ātmaśarīrendriyārthabuddhimanaḥpravṛttidoṣapretyabhāvaphaladuḥkhāpavargāstu prameyam); for the topics of the Vaiśeṣika comp. padārtha; Sāṅkhya Kār.: jñānena cāpavargaḥ ‘through knowledge i. e. of the twenty-five Sāṅkhya principles comes final beatitude (comp. tattva); a comm. on the Yoga: bhoktuḥ svarūpāvadhāraṇamapavargaḥ ‘final beatitude is comprehending the real nature of him who enjoys, i. e. of Purusha or Spirit’.

3) (In the Vaiśeṣika philosophy.) Speedy destruction, speedy cessation; in the Kaṇāda Sūtra: ‘guṇasya satopavargaḥ karmabhiḥ sādharmyam’ which according to the Upaskāra of Śaṅkara means: ‘the speedy cessation of a quality of what exists (does not come under the category of action, but) has (only) properties similar to those of actions’ (Śaṅk. apavarga āśunāśaḥ . sa ca guṇatvepi dvitvādivadāśubhāvināśakasaṃnipātādhīna iti karmabhiḥ sādharmyamātramasya na tu karmatvameva .).

4) The place or region where the final deliverance is obtained; e. g. in the verse of the Bhāgav. Purāṇa: sūryeṇa hi vibhajyante diśaḥ khaṃ dyaurmahī bhidā . svargāpavargau narakā rasaukāṃsi ca sarvaśaḥ (comm. svargāpavargau bhogamokṣadeśau).

5) A gift, a donation; e. g. na tepavargaḥ sukṛtādvinākṛtastathā yathānyeṣu vareṣu mānada . varaṃ vṛṇe…

6) Restriction of a general rule (according to Suśruta’s definition: abhivyāpyāpakarṣaṇamapavargaḥ). E. vṛj with apa, kṛt aff. ghañ lit. ‘leaving, abandoning’; comp. apavarjana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apavarga (अपवर्ग):—[apa-varga] (gaḥ) 1. m. Final beatitude, emancipation.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Apavarga (अपवर्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Apavagga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apavarga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Apavarga (ಅಪವರ್ಗ):—

1) [noun] a giving up of something complete or forever; abandonment.

2) [noun] the final beatitude; absolution; the final emancipation of the soul from the cycle of birth and death.

3) [noun] an accomplishing or being accomplished; completion; an accomplishment.

4) [noun] exception anything that is excepted; esp.a) a case to which a rule, general principle, etc. does not apply b) a person or thing different from or treated differently from others of the same class.

5) [noun] a letter that is outside the group which includes letters "ಪ, ಫ, ಬ, ಭ [pa, pha, ba, bha] and ಮ"; any letter, other than these letters.

6) [noun] the act of throwing; a projecting or being projected; projection; discharging (of an arrow).

7) [noun] a gift; a donation.

8) [noun] that which is classified or grouped.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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