Apavarga: 8 definitions

Introduction

Apavarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Apavarga in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—The final beatitude from sūkṣma, the latter to be realised by jñāna; cf. saṅkhya k. 44. jñānena cāpavargaḥ. From this results vyāpaka; from this comes Puruṣa and from it the highest bliss.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 13. 22.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Apavarga (अपवर्ग) refers to “exception” and is the name of a yukti, or ‘technical division’, according to which the contents of the Arthaśāstra by Cāṇakya are grouped. Cāṇakya (4th-century BCE), aka Kauṭilya, was the chief minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the famous Maurya Empire.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—Achievement; cf, फलप्राप्तौ सत्यां क्रियापरिसमाप्तिः अपवर्गः (phalaprāptau satyāṃ kriyāparisamāptiḥ apavargaḥ) see Kāś. on अपवर्गे, तृतीया (apavarge, tṛtīyā) P.II.3.6.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (A) next»] — Apavarga in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Apavarga (अपवर्ग, “liberation”) refers to one of the twelve prameya (“objects of valid knowledge) according to the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). Prameya in turn represents the second of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Accordingly, “apavarga means absolute freedom from all sufferings”.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apavarga (अपवर्ग).—m S Final emancipation or beatitude; exemption from further transmigration.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apavarga (अपवर्ग).—m Final emancipation or beatitude.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—&c.

--- OR ---

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—

1) Completion, end, fufilment or accomplishment of an action; अपवर्गे तृतीया (apavarge tṛtīyā) P.II.3.6;III.4. 6; (apavargaḥ = kriyāprāptiḥ or samāptiḥ Sk.) तेषां चैवापवर्गाय मार्गं पश्यामि नाण्डज (teṣāṃ caivāpavargāya mārgaṃ paśyāmi nāṇḍaja) Mb.5.113.17. क्रियापवर्गेष्वनुजीविसात्कृताः (kriyāpavargeṣvanujīvisātkṛtāḥ) Ki.1.14; अपवर्गे तृतीयेति भणतः पाणिनेरपि (apavarge tṛtīyeti bhaṇataḥ pāṇinerapi) N.17.68; Ki. 16.49; पञ्च° (pañca°) coming to an end in 5 days.

2) An exception, special rule; अभिव्याप्यापकर्षणमपवर्गः (abhivyāpyāpakarṣaṇamapavargaḥ) Suśr.

3) Absolution, final beatitude; अपवर्गमहोदयार्थयोर्भुवमंशाविव धर्मयोर्गतौ (apavargamahodayārthayorbhuvamaṃśāviva dharmayorgatau) R.8.16; ज्ञानेन चापवर्गः (jñānena cāpavargaḥ) Sāṅkhya K.44

4) A gift, donation.

5) Abandonment. आत्मदोषापवर्गेण तद्याच्ञा जनमोहिनी (ātmadoṣāpavargeṇa tadyācñā janamohinī) Bhāg.1.23.46.;

6) Throwing, discharge (as of arrows); मुष्टेरसंभेद इवापवर्गे (muṣṭerasaṃbheda ivāpavarge) Ki.16.2.

7) Cessation, end; क्रियाणामर्थशेषत्वात् प्रत्यक्षतस्तन्निवृत्त्या अपवर्गः स्यात् (kriyāṇāmarthaśeṣatvāt pratyakṣatastannivṛttyā apavargaḥ syāt) | Ms.11.1.27.

Derivable forms: apavargaḥ (अपवर्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apavarga (अपवर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) 1. Final beatitude, the delivery of the soul from the body, and exemption from farther transmigration. 2. Abandoning, quitting. 3. The fruit or consequences of any completed act. 4. The completion of any act. 5. Any act brought to a conclusion. 6. End, completion. E. apa from, vṛj to forsake, ghañ affix, and ga substituted for ja.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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