Apastamba, Āpastamba: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Apastamba means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Apastamba in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब).—An ancient sage. He once consoled King Dyumatsena. (Śloka 18, Chapter 298, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata). How he got his name. Once a brahmin did not get a suitable man toofficiate as priest for a śrāddha ceremony. He then prayed to his ancestors, Viśvedevas and Mahāviṣṇu for help and then Āpastamba appeared before him. The brahmin gave him food to his heart’s content and asked him how he felt. To the surprise of the brahmin Āpastamba replied, he wanted some more and thus made the Śrāddha ineffective. The brahmin got angry and cursed him by sprinkling on his face water taken in his palm. But before the water-particles reached his face Āpastamba ordered the water-drops to remain still. Water stopped stiff and still midway by the power of the sage. Because water (Āpa) became stiff (Stamba) the ṛṣi was named Āpastamba. (Brahma Purāṇa). How Āpastamba tīrtha came into existence. Once he met Agastya Muni and asked him who was superior among the gods Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva. Agastya declared that Śiva stood supreme of the lot and gave him advice as to how to please Śiva. Following his instructions Āpastamba did penance on the banks of the river Gautamī and Śiva appeared before him, blessed him, and made that place a holy one. Śiva declared that those who, bathed at that place would obtain 'Divyajñāna' (Divine knowledge enabling one to know the past, present and future). From then onwards that place was known as Āpastamba tīrtha. Other details. Āpastamba had a very chaste and humble wife named Akṣasūtrā. Their son was Gārki. 'Gṛhyasūtrasaṃgraha' containing a prayer and two mantras is a contribution to the holy science by Āpastamba. Many Hindus follow it even now. He had stated that the decrease in the number of great sages was because of the fact that people were not practising the control of the senses as before. (See full article at Story of Āpastamba from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब).—Acted as priest in the putreṣṭi of Diti.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 7. 33-4; 192. 60.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apastamba in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āpastamba (आपस्तंब).—m (S) The name of a ṛṃṣi; and now the designation of a tribe of Brahmans following him.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āpastamba (आपस्तंब).—m The name of a ṛṣi; and now the designation of a class of Brah- mans following him.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apastamba in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब).—m.

(-mbaḥ) The name of a sage and legislator.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब).—1. [masculine] [Name] of a sage.

--- OR ---

Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब).—2. [feminine] ī coming from Āpastamba.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—1. Śrautasūtra. 1-3. Darśapūrṇamāsa. 4. Yājamāna. 5. Agnyādhānakarman. 6. Agnihotrakarman. 7. Paśubandhayāga. 8. Cāturmāsya. 9. Viddhyaparādhanimittaprāyaścitta. 10-17. Somayāga. 18. Vājapeya and Rājasūya. 19. Sautrāmaṇī, Kāṭhakaciti, Kāmyeṣṭi. 20. Aśvamedha, Puruṣamedha. 21. Dvādaśāha and Mahāvrata. 22. Utsargiṇām ayanam. 23. Sattrāyaṇa. 24. Paribhāṣāsūtra, Pravarakhaṇḍa and Hautraka. 25. 26. Gṛhyamantra. 27. Gṛhyatantra. 28. 29. Sāmayācārika Dharmasūtra. 30. Śulbasūtra. Io. 122 C. 1541 A. 1651. 1733. L. 1226-30. 1685. 1686. Ben. 6. Bik. 108. 109. 158. Haug. 24. Np. I, 22. V, 144. Vi, 16. 18. Vii, 14. Brl. 18. 19. Burnell. 15^a. Bh. 7. Taylor. 1, 119. 311. Oppert. 2128. Ii, 5374. 5662. 6740. 6817. 8786. 10105. Rice. 40. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 136.
—[commentary] Vṛtti. Ben. 9. Oppert. Ii, 4260. Rice. 40.
—[commentary] Vṛttidīpikā. Peters. 2, 176. 177.
—[commentary] Yājñikasarvasva by Ahobala Sūri. He quotes Rudradatta. Brl. 20.
—[commentary] by Kapardisvāmin. L. 1220. 1469. K. 166. Np. Vi, 10. Brl. 22. Burnell. 15^b. Oppert. Ii, 5313. 9558.
—[commentary] by Karavindasvāmin. Burnell. 15^b.
—[commentary] by Gopāla. Ben. 9.
—[commentary] by Cauṇḍappācārya. Poona. 90.
—[commentary] Prayogavṛtti by Tālavṛntanivāsin. Io. 1127. 1141. 1541. B. K. 4. 10. Bik. 112. NW. 22. Np. Ix, 6. Brl. 21. 22. Burnell. 18^a. Quotes Dhūrtasvāmin.
—[commentary] by Dhūrtasvāmin. L. 1231. 1232. B. 1, 150. Bik. 110. Haug. 43. Burnell. 15^b. Oppert. 1860. 1861. 3950. Ii, 9559. Peters. 2, 177.
—[sub-commentary] by Kauśikarāma. Io. 137. 531. 620. L. 1231. 1232. Khn. 6. Np. Vi, 18. Brl. 20. W. 1447.
—[sub-commentary] Vedārthasārasaṃgraha by Brahmānandabhāratī. Bik. 165.
—[commentary] by Rāmāgnija. Rice. 40.
—[commentary] by Rāmāṇḍāra. Poona. 86.
—[commentary] by Rudradatta. Io. 51. 1142. L. 1807. Khn. 6. K. 12. B. 1, 150. 152. Ben. 10. Haug. 24. Brl. 20. Burnell. 15^b. Bh. 8. Oppert. 4799. Ii, 8718. 2. Gṛhyasūtra. B. 1, 146. Haug. 28. Bik. 121. Brl. 30. Burnell. 16^b. Gu. 3. Taylor. 1, 276. 445. Oppert. 27. 7845. Ii, 5327. 6660. 7365. 8637. 10310. Peters. 2, 176. Bühler 537. 552.
—[commentary] Anākulā by Haradatta. Bühler 552.
—[commentary] by Karka. L. 1679.
—[commentary] by Sudarśanācārya. K. 174. Brl. 30. 31. Oppert. 7134. Rice. 42. Peters. 3, 385.
—[commentary] Prayogavṛtti by Tālavṛntanivāsin. Haug. 28. Brl. 31. Gṛhyapaddhati. Brl. 31. Agnimukha. Np. Viii, 4. Agniṣṭomaprayoga. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 136. Agnihotrahoma. L. 837. Agnyādhāna. B. 1. 146. Adhvaratantra. Oxf. 371^b. Antyeṣṭividhi. B. 1, 46. Ādhāna. B. 1, 146. Upākaraṇa. B. 1, 146. Upākarmaprayoga. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 143. Gārhyakarmaprayoga. L. 662. Gṛhyapraśna. Oppert. Ii, 10126. Cayana. B. 1, 146. Peters. 2, 176. Cayanaprayoga. Burnell. 25^b. Cayanasūtra. Oppert. Ii, 7180. Cāturmāsyasūtra. L. 1353. Darśapūrṇamāsa. B. 1, 146. 148. Oppert. Ii, 4303. 7184. Peters. 2, 177.
—[commentary] bhāṣya. B. 1, 148.
—[commentary] by Dhūrtasvāmin. Khn. 6. Darśapūrṇamāsaprayoga. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 135. Dvādaśāhapraśna. Rice. 40. Nakṣatrasattra. B. 1, 148. Nakṣatreṣṭiprayoga. Burnell. 25^b. Nityāgnihotra. Oppert. Ii, 8043. Paribhāṣā. K. 4. Paribhāṣāsūtra. Io. 259. 1676. B. 1, 148.
—[commentary] by Kapardasvāmin. Io. 259. 1676. B. 1, 148. Ben. 10.
—[commentary] by Haradatta (?). Taylor. 1, 282. Pavitreṣṭi. B. 1, 148. Paśuprayoga. Oppert. Ii, 7188. Paśubandha. B. 148. Paśumedha. Oppert. Ii, 10323. Pākayajñaprayoga. Burnell. 26^a. Piṇḍapitṛyajña B. 1, 148. Punarādhāna. B. 1, 148. Pūrvaprayoga. Oppert. Ii, 2339. Pūrvavidhi (gṛhya). Oppert. Ii, 3512. Pūrvāparaprayoga. Oppert. Ii, 8438. Prāyaścittasūtra. B. 1, 150. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 136.
—[commentary] by Kṛṣṇabhaṭṭa and Rudradeva. B. 1, 150. Mahāgnicayanasūtra. Oppert. 1974. Ii, 2549. Vihārakārikā. B. 1, 148. Śulbasūtra. L. 657. B. 1, 148. Np. Vi, 6. Brl. 21. Oppert. Ii, 5357.
—[commentary] by Kapardisvāmin. L. 657. Ben. 8. Np. Ii, 2.
—[commentary] by Karavindasvāmin. B. 1, 148. Np. Ii, 2. Iii, 94. Vi, 6. Viii, 2. Brl. 21. Peters. 2, 177.
—[commentary] Śulbapradīpa by Sundararāja. Np. Ii, 2. Iii, 94. Vi, 6. Burnell. 16^a. Bh. 8. Oppert. Ii, 8972. Peters. 2, 177. Śrāddhaprayoga. Haug. 51. Saṃdhyā. B. 1, 50.
—[commentary] K. 164. Sāmayācārikasūtra. Io. 1749. 2096. 2489. L. 732. 1521. Haug. 38. Brl. 33. Burnell. 16^b. Oppert. 255. Ii, 757. 2314. 2941. 6201. 7346. 7598. 8865. 9701. Rice. 194. Bühler 544.
—[commentary] Oppert. 3709. 4682. Ii, 3590. 7347.
—[commentary] Ujjvalā by Haradatta. Io. 352 ([fragmentary]). Np. V, 146. Haug. 43. Brl. 33. Burnell. 16^b. Taylor. 1, 83. Oppert. 2277. 3761. 3954. 6553. 7132. 7460. 7847 Ii, 2809. 2905. 4268. 4492. 6207. 6743. 7501. 8821. Rice. 194. Bühler 544. Sāmānyasūtravṛtti by Aḍabīla. B. 1, 150.
—by Dhūrtasvāmin. B. 1, 150. Peters. 2, 177. Bp. 258. Somavṛtti by Nṛsiṃha. B. 1, 152. Somaprayoga. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 136. Somaprāyaścitta. B. 1, 152. Sautrāmaṇīsūtra. Np. Ix, 4. Sthālīpāka. B. 1, 152.

2) Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब):—1) Śrautasūtra.
—[commentary] by Karavindasvāmin. delete this.
—[commentary] by Dhūrtasvāmin. add Oppert. Ii, 8741. 8867.
—[sub-commentary] by Kauśikarāma. add L. 1233 ([fragmentary]). Bik. 165. Sb. 282. delete L. 1231. 1232. Khn. 6.
—[sub-commentary] Vedārthasārasaṃgraha etc. delete this. 2) Gṛhyasūtra. add Rice. 40. Sb. 99.
—[commentary] by Haradatta. add Ben. 7. Oppert. 2277.
—[commentary] by Sudarśanācārya. add Bik. 111, and the mss. given under Gṛhyatātparyadarśana. Antyeṣṭividhi. read B. 1, 146. Cayanaprayoga. add Oppert. Ii, 7179. Paśubandha. read B. 1, 148. Mahāgnicayanasūtra. read Ii, 4831. Śulbasūtra.
—[commentary] by Kapardisvāmin. add Brl. 22.
—[commentary] by Karavindasvāmin. add Burnell. 15^b.
—[commentary] Śulbapradīpa by Sundararāja. add Khn. 84. K. 112.
—[sub-commentary] Śulbapradīpavivaraṇa by the same. L. 1459. Saṃdhyā. read B. 1, 150. Sāmayācārikasūtra. add Oppert. I, 256. 5062. delete L. 1521 which contains some Sāmānyasūtra.
—[commentary] by Haradatta. add K. 166. Sb. 90. Sāmānyasūtravṛtti by Dhūrtasvāmin. add K. 12.

3) Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब):—1) Śrautasūtra. Cs. 206 (praśna 9). 207 (praśna 9, inc.). 208 (praśna 16). Cu. add. 882 (15). 981 (9).
—[commentary] by Cauṇḍapācārya. See Prayogaratnamāla.
—[commentary] Prayogavṛtti by Keśava Tālavṛntanivasin. Cs. 211 (praśna 16). 278 (somaprāyaścitta, praśna 15). See L. 4234.
—[commentary] by Dhūrtasvāmin. Rgb. 67 (praśna 1-17).
—[commentary] by Rudradatta. Cs. 209 (praśna 9, 1-9). 334 ([fragmentary] and confused). Stein 12 (prāyaścitta).
—[commentary] Prayogaratnamālā by Viṣṇu Bhaṭṭa. L. 4223 (agnihotra 1-4). Stein 18 (yājamāna). 2) Gṛhyasūtra. Oudh. Xx, 16. Gārhyakarmaprayoga. Stein 11 (inc.). Darśapūrṇamāsa. Rgb. 86. 87. Darśapūrṇamāsaprayoga by Keśava Tālavṛntanivāsin. L. 2434. Paśuprayoga. Cs. 212. Vidhyaparādhaprāyaścitta. Cs. 213 (and—[commentary]). 214-16 (Āpast. 9). Śulbasūtrabhāṣya by Kapardisvāmin. Brl. 22.
—by Karavindasvāmin. Stein 12. 246. Somādhvaryava. Rgb. 92.

4) Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब):—1. Śrautasūtra. Hz. 30. 160 (Praśna 10-30). Ulwar 58: Praśna 1-3 (Darśapūrṇamāsa). Pr. 5 (Agnyādhāna). Pr. 8 (Cāturmāsya). Pr. 9 (Prāyaścitta). Pr. 10-17 (Somasūtra). Parts of Pr. 19 (Kāṭhakacayana, Sāvitracayana, Āruṇaketukasūtra). Pr. 25. 26 (Mantrapraśnau).
—[commentary] by Kapardisvāmin. Hz. 445.
—[commentary] by Guhadevasvāmin. Hz. 414 (Paribhāṣāpaṭala).
—[commentary] Prayogavṛtti by Tālavṛntanivāsin. Cs. 618. Hz. 40. 167 (Praśna 1-6). 441 (nine Praśnāḥ). 610 (Ādhānapañcaka). 629 (Prāyaścitta). Ulwar 61 (Cayana and Somaprāyaścitta).
—[commentary] by Dhūrtasvāmin. Cs. 625 (Sāmānyasūtra). Hz. 613 (?). Ulwar 62 (Sāmānyasūtra). 63 (Cayanapraśna).
—[sub-commentary] by Kauśikarāma. Hz. 414.
—[commentary] by Rudradatta. Hz. 415. 438. 640. Ulwar 59 (Praśna 1-14). 60 (Praśna 1-9). 2. Gṛhyasūtra.
—[commentary] Gṛhyasūtraprayogavṛtti by Tālavṛntanivāsin. Hz. 44. 154. 203. 607.
—[commentary] Gṛhyatātparyadarśana by Sudarśana. Cs. 458. Hz. 45. 61. 153. 316. 475. 544. 632. Ulwar 68.
—[commentary] Āpastambagṛhyasūtrakārikāḥ by the same. Cs. 459.
—[commentary] Anākulā by Haradatta. Hz. 403. Kāmyeṣṭisūtra. Cs. 629. Darśapūrṇamāsaprāyaścittasūtra.
—[commentary] by Gopāla, son of Narasiṃha. Ulwar 67. Paśubandhasūtravyākhyā by Somanātha Dīkṣita. Hz. 173. Prāyaścittadīpikā. Hz. 168. Śulbasūtra.
—[commentary] by Karavindasvāmin. Ulwar 65. Extr. 10.
—[commentary] Śulbarahasyaprakāśa, by Gopāla, son of Narasiṃha. Ulwar 66. Extr. 11.
—[commentary] by Sundararāja. Hz. 174. Ulwar 64. Sāmayācārikasūtra. Hz. 355. Ulwar 1263.
—[commentary] Ujjvalā by Haradatta. Hz. 159. 213. 355. 395. 618. Ulwar 1263.

5) Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब):—1) Śrautasūtra. As p. 24 (3 Mss., one of these Praśna 1-4). Hz. 706 (inc.). 713. 744. C. [anonymous] Hz. 757 (Praśna 1-9). 1131. C. Yājñikasarvasva by Ahobala. Hz. 751 p. 75 (Darśapūrṇamāsa). Śg. 2, 60 (up to Darśapūrṇamāsa). C. by Kapardasvāmin. Hz. 752 (Śulbasūtra and Agni). 903 (inc.). C. by Keśava Tālavṛntanivāsin. As p. 24 (Ādhāna only). Cs 2, 238. Hz. 714. 743. 781 (called here Prayogadarpaṇa). 922. 1130 (Praśna 15). C. by Dhūrtasvāmin. Hz. 912 (inc.).
—[sub-commentary] by Kauśikarāma. Bd. 88. 89. Hz. 723 (Praśna 1-14). 759. 764 (Praśna 1-8). 909. Śg. 2, 59 p. 148. C. Āpastambaprayogaratna by Nārāyaṇa Yajvan. As p. 24. C. by Rudradatta. As p. 24. 25 (3 Mss). Hz. p. 707 (Praśna 1-14). 722 (inc.). 765 (inc.). 907. 1288. C. Āpastambaśrautasūtrakārikā by Vāsudeva Dīkṣita. Hz. 708 (Paśu, Darśapūrṇamāsa, Ādhāna, Soma, Cāturmāsya, Cayana). 716 (Soma, Paśu, Cayana). C. Āpastambaśrautasūtraprayoga by Vāsudeva Dīkṣita. Hz. 710 (Sautrāmaṇī, Cāturmāsya, Vājapeya). 729 (Cāturmāsya, Soma, Sautrāmaṇī, Vājapeya, Cayana). 750 (Praśna 1-6). 753 (Somapañcakaprayoga). C. by Somanātha. Hz. 923. 2) Gṛhyasūtra. As p. 24. Hpr. 2, 19. Hz. 1378. Śg. 1, 23. Whish 25, 2. C. Kapardikārikā. Śg. 2, 63 p. 166. C. Tātparyadarśana by Sudarśana. As p. 25. 56. Hz. 906. Śg. 2, 64. 3) Śulbasūtra. Bc 507. C. by Kapardisvāmin. As p. 25. C. by Karavindasvāmin. As p. 25. Bc 507. Hz. 727. C. by Sundararāja. Bc 507. 4) Dharmasūtra. Hz. 719. 1092. C. Ujjvalā by Haradatta. As p. 24. Hz. 919. 1365. Śg. 2, 68. Whish 36. Pūrvaprayoga gṛhya. Hz. 1184. Śg. 1, 92. Aparaprayoga gṛhya. Hz. 720. 745. 746. 749. C. by Kapardisvāmin. Hz. 748. Aparasūtraprayogakārikā. Hpr. 747. Paribhāṣāpaṭala śr. C. by Guhadevasvāmin. Hz. 1375. Pravarasūtra, a part of the 24th Praśna. C. by Kapardisvāmin. Śg. 2, 58 p. 147. Prāyaścittaśatadvayī. C. by Veṅkaṭa Vājapeyin. Hz. 709 p. 75. 766. Somaprayoga. As p. 25. Hz. 721. Sautrāmaṇīsūtra (Śrautasūtra 19, 1-10). Tb. 23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apastamba (अपस्तम्ब):—[=apa-stamba] m. a vessel inside or on one side of the chest containing vital air, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब):—m. Name of a renowned sage and writer on ritual

3) mf(ī). a descendant of Āpastamba [gana] vidādi ([Pāṇini 4-1, 104])

4) m. [plural] the pupils of Āpastamba.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब):—[āpa-stamba] (mbaḥ) 1. m. Name of a sage.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब):—m. Nomen proprium gaṇa vidādi (āpastamba patron.) zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 104.] ein vielgenannter Lehrer und Schriftsteller über Ritual [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 4.] [Colebrooke I, 17. 118. 144. 200. 314.] [Akademische Vorlesungen 85 - 89. 96 - 98.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss 62. No. 759.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 18. 19. 20. 75. 80.] u. s. w. Davon adj. mbīya [Colebrooke I, 17.] mbeya (!) [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 143.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 16.] mbī f. [1, 80.]

--- OR ---

Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब):—, bhāṣyārthasaṃgraha [Oxforder Handschriften 277,b,40.] sūtra [267,a,24. 270,a,19. 277,b,40.] āpastambāḥ [271,a,4.] āpastambīyaṃ ṣaḍrātram [356,a,10.] āpastambī (adj.) saṃhitā [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 481.] āpastambīyāḥ Name einer Schule [271.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Apastamba (अपस्तम्ब):—und stambha m. ein luftzuführendes Gefäss an der Seite der Brust [Bhāvaprakāśa 1,58.]

--- OR ---

Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब):—1. m. Nomen proprium eines Lehrers.

--- OR ---

Āpastamba (आपस्तम्ब):—2. —

1) Adj. (f. ī) von Āpastamba stammend.

2) m. Pl. die Schüler des Āp. [Aufrecht 271,a,] [4.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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