Aparthaka, Apārthaka: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Aparthaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Apārthaka (अपार्थक).—Without any purpose or object, useless; cf. ततोनिष्टादर्शनादपार्थक-मेतत् (tatoniṣṭādarśanādapārthaka-metat) Nyāsa on P.I.4.80.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Buddhist philosophy

Source: Google Books: A History of Indian Logic (Buddhist Philosophy)

Apārthaka (अपार्थक) refers to “incoherent” and represents one of the various “points of defeat” (nigrahasthāna), according to Upāyakauśalyahṛdaya, an ancient work on the art of debate composed by Bodhisattva Nāgārjuna.

context information

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aparthaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apārthaka (अपार्थक).—[apa-artha] a.

1) Useless, unprofitable, worthless; सर्वमेतदपार्थं ते क्षिप्रं तौ संप्रसादय (sarvametadapārthaṃ te kṣipraṃ tau saṃprasādaya) Mb.

2) Meaningless, unmeaning, senseless; अपार्थं बहु भाषते (apārthaṃ bahu bhāṣate) Suśr.

-rtham Senseless or incoherent talk or argument (regarded as one of the faults of composition in rhetoric); योग्यता- सत्त्याकाङ्क्षाशून्यं वाक्यम् (yogyatā- sattyākāṅkṣāśūnyaṃ vākyam) Gautama; पौर्वापर्यायोगादप्रतिबन्धार्थ- मपार्थकम् (paurvāparyāyogādapratibandhārtha- mapārthakam); cf. also Kāv.3.128; समुदायार्थशून्यं यत्तदपार्थमिती- ष्यते (samudāyārthaśūnyaṃ yattadapārthamitī- ṣyate) |

2) uselessness; तेषां श्रमो ह्यपार्थाय यदात्मा नादृतः स्वयम् (teṣāṃ śramo hyapārthāya yadātmā nādṛtaḥ svayam) Bhāgavata 3.13.13. ind. In vain, unprofitably; स्वयं सधर्मा अपि शोचन्त्यपार्थम् (svayaṃ sadharmā api śocantyapārtham) Bhāgavata 7.2.37.

See also (synonyms): apārtha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apārthaka (अपार्थक).—i. e. apa-artha + ka, adj. f. thikā, Useless, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 78.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apārthaka (अपार्थक).—[adjective] useless, unmeaning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apārthaka (अपार्थक):—[from apārtha] mfn. useless, [Manu-smṛti viii, 78, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apārthaka (अपार्थक):—[bahuvrihi compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-rthakaḥ-rthikā-rthakam) The same as apārtha;

1) Purposeless, useless.

2) Disinterested, without a selfish motive; e. g. in the Sāṅkhyakār. nānāvidhairupāyairupakāriṇyanupakāriṇaḥ puṃsaḥ . guṇavatyaguṇasya satastasyārthamapārthakaṃ carati (scil. prakṛtiḥ).

3) Meaningless; e. g. in the Kāśikā on Pāṇ. Vii. 2. 58. tataḥ parasmaipadeṣviti niyamārthaḥ . sa ca niyamo yadyaviśeṣeṇa syātpūrvo yogopārthakaḥ syāt. 2. n.

(-kam) (In the Nyāya philos.) One of the twentytwo nigrahasthāna or failures in argument which lead to defeat in controversy; viz. speech which is incoherent from want of a causal nexus between what precedes and follows, although the single sentences or words, may give a sense, if taken individually; (it is different therefore from the nigrahasthāna which is called nirarthaka q. v.); ‘paurvāparyāyogādapratisaṃbaddhārthamapārthakam’. E. apa and artha, samās. aff. kap.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Apārthaka (अपार्थक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Avatthaga, Avatthaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aparthaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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