Aparavaktra, aka: Apara-vaktra, Aparavaktrā; 5 Definition(s)


Aparavaktra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Aparavaktra in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1) Aparavaktra (अपरवक्त्र) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first and the third pāda (feet) consist of na (LLL), na (LLL), ra (GLG), la (L), ga (G), while the second and the fourth pāda consist of na (LLL), ja (LGL), ja (LGL), ra (GLG).


In the above description, G stands for guru (‘heavy syllable’) while L stands for laghu (‘light syllable’).

2) Aparavaktra (अपरवक्त्र) is the name of a meter belonging to the Jagatī class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of eleven syllables the seventh, the ninth and the final long, is aparavaktra”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Aparavaktra (अपरवक्त्र) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes) subclass Ardhasamavṛtta.—The metre, Aparavaktra contains the gaṇas na, na and ra in the first and third quarter and na, ja, ja, ra in the second and fourth quarter. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Aparavaktra in Chandas glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aparavaktra (अपरवक्त्र) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Bhadrikā in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Aparavaktra also corresponds to Uttarāntikā. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aparavaktra in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aparavaktrā (अपरवक्त्रा) or Aparavaktra (अपरवक्त्र).—Name of a metre.

Derivable forms: , aparavaktram (अपरवक्त्रम्).

Aparavaktrā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms apara and vaktrā (वक्त्रा).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aparavaktra (अपरवक्त्र).—n.

(-ktraṃ) A kind of metre of four lines, having every two lines the same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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