Apaga, Āpagā: 17 definitions


Apaga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Āpagā (आपगा).—A sacred river. It is said that if one gives food to one brahmin on the banks of this river it will be equivalent to giving food to a crore of brahmins elsewhere. (Śloka 68, Chapter 83, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Apaga (अपग).—A tribe.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 120.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Āpagā (आपगा) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.81.154). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Āpagā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Āpagā (आपगा) refers to a “river”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[...] [The demons born of] the aggressive magic of [his] enemies, having failed to take hold of him, frightened will possess the performer [of the ritual], like a river[’s fury] (āpagāāpagevācalāhatā) blocked by a mountain. Droughts will end and enemies will run away. In his kingdom there will not be dangers in the form of untimely deaths, wild animals, beasts of prey, thieves, illnesses etc. and strength shall reside in his lineage”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Āpagā (आपगा) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa possibly corresponding to the Ayuk.—Āpagā is mentioned in the list of the tīrthas of Madra and Himavān, and may be identified with the Ayuk rising in Jammu hills to the north-east of Sialkot.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āpagā : (f.) river.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āpagā, (f.) (āpa + ga of gam) a river Th.1, 309; Sn.319; J.V, 454; Dāvs.I, 32; VvA.41. (Page 101)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apaga (अपग).—1 P.

1) To go away, depart; pass away, elapse (as time); K.73; तन्मुखाच्छायापगता (tanmukhācchāyāpagatā) H.3; संपदो नापगच्छन्ति (saṃpado nāpagacchanti) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.8.

2) To fall off or down; go away, vanish, disappear.

Derivable forms: apagam (अपगम्).

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Apaga (अपग).—a. Going, turning away. Av.1.34.5.

-gā A river (wrongly for āpagā).

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Āpagā (आपगा).—[apāṃ samūhaḥ āpam; tena gacchati gam-ḍa] A river, stream; फेनायमानं पतिमापगानाम् (phenāyamānaṃ patimāpagānām) Śiśupālavadha 3.72; Kirātārjunīya 13.24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apagā (अपगा).—f.

(-gā) A river. E. apa down, below, or ap water, and thence the sea; and what goes downward or into the sea; also āpagā.

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Āpagā (आपगा).—f.

(-gā) A river, a stream. E. āp a quantity of water, the ocean, and fem. derivative from gam to go.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āpagā (आपगा).—i. e. ap + a-ga (vb. gam), f. 1. A river, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 140. 2. The name of a river, Mahābhārata 3, 6038.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āpagā (आपगा).—[feminine] river, stream.

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Apagā (अपगा).—go away; keep or cease from ([ablative]).

Apagā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms apa and (गा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apaga (अपग):—[=apa-ga] [from apa-gam] mf(ā)n. going away, turning away from ([ablative]), [Atharva-veda i, 34, 5] (cf. an-apaga)

2) Apagā (अपगा):—[=apa-gā] [from apa-ga > apa-gam] a f. = āpa-gā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [=apa-gā] b. apa-√1. to go away, vanish, retire (with [ablative]), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā etc.]

4) Āpagā (आपगा):—f. (according to Mallinātha on [Śiśupāla-vadha iii, 72, [from] 3.] āpa and √), a river, a stream, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa; Śiśupāla-vadha]

5) Name of a river, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apaga (अपग):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-gaḥ-gā-gam) Going away. 2. f.

(-gā) 1) A river.

2) The name of a Tīrtha or holy place. Also āpagā. E. gam with apa, kṛt aff. ḍa. (In the femin. the literal meaning is probably ‘going or flowing downwards’; yet a comm. on the Amarak. analyzes apagā into apa and gā, ‘going into the ocean’; comp. Ii. apa.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apagā (अपगा):—[apa-gā] (gā) 1. f. A river.

2) Āpagā (आपगा):—[āpa-gā] (gā) 1. f. A river or stream.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Apāga (अपाग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Avāya, Āvayā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apaga in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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