Apacara, Apacāra: 16 definitions


Apacara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Apachara.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A king of the first kappa. He was the son of Cara and reigned in Sotthivati nagara in the Cetiya country. He was one of the ancestors of the Sakiyan race. He belonged to the race of Mahasammata and was possessed of four iddhi powers:

walking on air, being guarded by four devas, diffusing the fragrance of sandalwood from his body and the fragrance of the lotus from his mouth.

When he was prince he had promised to appoint as his family priest his fellow student Kosakalamba, brother of the royal chaplain Kapila, when he should become king. But when Apacara came to the throne, Kapila obtained the post for his own son and became an ascetic. When the king realised what had happened he offered to get the post back for Kosakalamba by means of a lie. The latter protested, because lies had hitherto been unknown in the world; but the king persisted in his desire even in spite of Kapilas warning, and seven times in succession uttered a lie to the effect that the post of chaplain belonged by right of seniority to Kosakambala and not to Kapilas son. At the first lie he lost his iddhi powers and fell to earth, and with each succeeding lie he fell deeper and deeper into the earth until the flames of Avici seized him. He was the worlds first liar.

He had five sons, who sought Kapilas protection, and leaving the city founded five cities, which were called Hatthipura, Assapura, Sihapura, Uttarapancala and Daddarapura, because of certain tokens connected with them (for details see under those names).

According to the Sutta Nipata Commentary (ii.352) Makhadeva was his son. The king was a previous birth of Devadatta. The story is related in the Cetiya Jataka (J.iii.454-61; see also Mhv.ii.2.; DA.i.258f.; Dpv.iii.5). v.l. Upacara, Upavara and Uparuvara. The Milinda (p.202) calls him Suraparicara.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Apacāra.—(IE 8-5), same as aparādha; cf. daś-āpacāra (EI 15), same as daś-āparādha. Note: apacāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apacara in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Apacāra, (fr. apa + car, cp. Sk. apa & abhi-carati) falling off, fault, wrong doing J.VI, 375. (Page 51)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apacāra (अपचार).—m S Observing unwholesome diet or regimen. 2 Behaving vitiously or deviously.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apacāra (अपचार).—m A misdeed, offence, crime.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apacāra (अपचार).—

1) Departure; death; सिंहघोषश्च कान्तकापचारं निर्भिद्य (siṃhaghoṣaśca kāntakāpacāraṃ nirbhidya) Daśakumāracarita 72.

2) Want, absence.

3) A fault; offence, misdeed, improper conduct, crime; शिष्यो गुराविव कृतप्रथमापचारः (śiṣyo gurāviva kṛtaprathamāpacāraḥ) Mv.4.2; न राजापचारमन्तरेण (na rājāpacāramantareṇa) Uttararāmacarita 2 (v. l. for °aparādham); राजन्प्रजासु ते कश्चिदपचारः प्रवर्तते (rājanprajāsu te kaścidapacāraḥ pravartate) R.15.47.

4) Injurious or hurtful conduct, injury, Ve.4.1. (v. l, apahāra ?).

5) A defect, flaw, failure, deficiency; नापचारमगमन् क्वचित्क्रियाः (nāpacāramagaman kvacitkriyāḥ) Śiśupālavadha 14.32; mistake, omission (to do a thing) (lopa); महाध्वरे विध्यपचारदोषः (mahādhvare vidhyapacāradoṣaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 16.48.

6) Unwholesome or improper regimen (apathya); कृतापचारोऽपि परैरनाविष्कृतविक्रियः । असाध्यः कुरुते कोपं प्राप्ते काले गदो यथा (kṛtāpacāro'pi parairanāviṣkṛtavikriyaḥ | asādhyaḥ kurute kopaṃ prāpte kāle gado yathā) || Śiśupālavadha 2.84 (where also means hurt or injury).

Derivable forms: apacāraḥ (अपचारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apacāra (अपचार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Impropriety, defect, wickedness. 2. Observing unwholesome or improper regimen. E. apa before, cara to go, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apacāra (अपचार).—i. e. apa-car + a, m. 1. Death, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 200, 20. 2. Trespass, fault, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 110, 23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apacāra (अपचार).—[masculine] absence, want; also = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apacāra (अपचार):—[=apa-cāra] [from apa-car] m. want, absence

2) [v.s. ...] defect

3) [v.s. ...] fault, improper conduct, offence

4) [v.s. ...] unwholesome or improper regimen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apacāra (अपचार):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-raḥ) 1.

1) Departure, death; e. g. siṃhaghoṣaśca kāntakāpacāraṃ nirbhidya &c.

2) Absence, want; e. g. antarāśabdodṛṣṭāpacāraḥ; or śrutavrīhyapacāre nivārapriyaṃgvādikaṃ kiṃciddravyaṃ pratinidhātavyam.

3) A failure, a deficience; e. g. nāpacāramagamaṃkvacitkriyāḥ sarvamatra samapādi sādhanam . (comm. apacāraṃ lopaviparyāsādidoṣam). E. car with apa, kṛt aff. ghañ. 2.

1) Improper conduct; e. g. tatrāpahute hoturapacārāt.

2) Unwholesome or improper regimen. E. apa and cāra.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Apacāra (अपचार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ocāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apacara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apacara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Apacāra (अपचार) [Also spelled apachar]:—(nm) evil deed; aberration.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Apacāra (ಅಪಚಾರ):—

1) [noun] an improper conduct.

2) [noun] disrespectful treatment.

3) [noun] profane or contemptuous speech, writing or action concerning God or anything held as divine; blasphemy.

4) [noun] a going away; departure; separation.

5) [noun] cessationn of life; death.

6) [noun] the condition or quality of being scarce; inadequate supply; dearth.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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