Anyatva, Anya-tva: 9 definitions


Anyatva means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Anyatva (अन्यत्व) refers to one of the twelve reflections (bhāvanā), as mentioned in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. II, P. 223, ll. 22-25]—Anyatva-bhāvanā refers to the reflection that—The soul is separate—distinct from relations and friends, from body and mind, and from all external phenomena.

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General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1a) Anyatva (अन्यत्व) (Cf. Anyatā) refers to “separateness (of the self from non-self)” and represents one of the twelve pure reflections (bhāvanā), according to the Praśamaratiprakaraṇa 149-50 (p. 93-4).—Accordingly, “(A monk) should reflect, upon transcient [sic] nature of the world, helplessness, loneliness, separateness (anyatva) of the self from non-self, impurity (of the body), cycle of births sand [sic] rebirths, inflow of Karmas and stoppage of inflow of Karmas; Shedding of stock of Karmas, constitution of the universe, nature of true religion, difficulty in obtaining enlightenment, which are (called) twelve pure Bhāvanās (reflections)”.

1b) Anyatva (अन्यत्व) refers to the “difference (between the body and the self)” and represents one of the “(twelve) reflections” (bhāvanā), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the difference (anyatvam) of the self (jīva) of a relation (bandhoḥ)]—Certainly where there is [such] great difference (anyatva) between the body and the embodied soul , how could there be unity with relatives who are external? Whichever sentient and insentient objects attain a connection, they are all different in all cases according to their own nature”.

Note: By nature, the self is different from the body; it consists of consciousness and bliss, is pure but bound by worldly life. In reality, there is no unity of matter and consciousness but the connection between them, which is like refined gold and the impurities in unrefined gold, is without a beginning. In this world, the body which is material, completely inert and without a soul, becomes confused, through ignorance, with the soul which is formless and mobile. The body consists of a multitude of atoms whereas the soul has the nature of enjoyment, is beyond the senses and consists of knowing. Stupid people are unaware of the difference between the body and the self (anyatva) which can be seen everywhere in the occurrence of birth and death.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Anyatva (अन्यत्व) refers to “(reflection on the) separateness” and represents one of the twelve Bhāvanās (topics for meditation), according to a manuscript [Bāra bhāvanā] (dealing with the Ethics section of Jain Canonical literature) included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—There are traditionally 12 bhāvanās or topics for meditation (also known as anuprekṣā, see Tattvārthasūtra 9.7 as locus classicus). In the present manuscript [Bāra bhāvanā], only the first six are dealt with, each in a few stanzas, followed by a section-title: [e.g.,] 5. reflection on separateness (anyatva, 4 stanzas, ends on 51r5). [...]

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anyatva (अन्यत्व).—ad S Again; once more.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anyatva (अन्यत्व).—[neuter] = anyatā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anyatva (अन्यत्व):—n.

(-tvam) The being other, otherness, difference (the same as anyatā, but more frequently used as this word); e. g. anyatvepyabhyāsasyopacārāt ‘even if there were different (sounds, sound must be permanent) because it is possible to repeat it (in teaching)’; also with a noun in the ablative, e. g. vacanāttu tatonyatvam ‘(if it is maintained that itikartavyatā refers to profane things, the answer is:) but on account of a (distinct vaidik) passage its difference from that (is established), i. e. it refers only to sacred or vaidik objects’; or tayoranyatve tucchatvam (comm. akāryasya prakṛtipuruṣabhinnatve tucchatvam &c.).—The word occurs for the most part, however, as the latter part of a compound—e. g. sphaṭikānyatvābhimānavattadanyatvābhimānaḥ— and especially in scientific writings, e. g. in the Vārttikas of Pāṇini in compounds as aṅgānyatva, kartranyatva, kārakānyatva, kālānyatva, in the Vedānta Sūtras as in tadananyatva, in the Mīmāṃsā S. as in prayojanānyatva, vedānyatva, rūpānyatva &c., in the Nyāya S. as in sthānānyatva, karmānyatva, in the Sāṅkhya S. ubhayānyatva, in the Yoga S. as in kramānyatva &c. &c. E. anya, taddh. aff. tva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anyatva in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anyatva (ಅನ್ಯತ್ವ):—

1) [noun] the state or fact of being different or having a separate identity.

2) [noun] (phil.) the theory that the soul is different from the gross body it is embodied in.

3) [noun] (Jain.) pondering or meditating on a particular (one of the twelve) principles for attaining the beatitude.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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