Anuvrata, Aṇuvrata, Anu-vrata: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Anuvrata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Anuvrata in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Anuvrata (अनुव्रत).—A son of Śrutakīrti.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 5.

1b) The son of Kṣema, ruled for 64 years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 25.

1c) A class of people in Śākadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 27.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Aṇuvrata (अणुव्रत) refers to the “partial rejection of sinful activities” and forms part of the deśavirati (good conduct), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] good conduct is defined as the rejection of sinful activities. It is twofold: partial (deśavirati) and total (sarvavirati). [...] The five lesser vows (aṇuvrata), the three meritorious vows (guṇavrata), the four disciplinary-vows (śikṣāvrata) are considered the twelve-fold partial rejection. [...] Among these, avoidance of injury, lying, stealing, impurity, and possessions in their grosser forms are called by the Jinas the ‘lesser vows’ [viz., aṇuvrata].”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Aṇuvrata (अणुव्रत) refers to “minor vows” and represents one of the two types of vows (vrata) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.2.—What is meant by minor vows (aṇuvrata)? Partial abstinence from the five sins is called minor vows. How many types of minor vows are there? There are five types of minor vows namely non-violence (ahiṃsāṇuvrata), speaking the truth (satyāṇuvrata), non-stealing (acauryāṇuvrata), celibacy (brahmacaryāṇuvrata) and non-possession (aparigrahāṇuvrata).

According to the Tattvārthasūtra 7.20, what is meant by minor vow (aṇuvrata)? Aṇu means small or partial. Therefore minor vows mean small or partial vows. Why the vows of a householder (agārī or agārin) are called minor vows? As the vows observed by a householder lack complete abstinence from sins, therefore they are called minor vows.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anuvrata (अनुव्रत).—a. [anukūlaṃ vrata karma yasya]

1) Devoted or faithful to, राजानो राजपुत्राश्च धृतराष्ट्रमनुव्रताः (rājāno rājaputrāśca dhṛtarāṣṭramanuvratāḥ) Mb.3.35.3. attached to (with acc. or gen.); अभ्यगच्छददीनात्मा दमयन्तीमनुव्रतः (abhyagacchadadīnātmā damayantīmanuvrataḥ) Mb. 3.54.27. प्रियतमा का अनुव्रता (priyatamā kā anuvratā) Bh.2.13; वैश्याः क्षत्रमनुव्रताः (vaiśyāḥ kṣatramanuvratāḥ) Rām.

2) Duly performing the vows or duties prescribed (opp. apavrata) Bhāg.8.15.35.

-taḥ A class of Jaina ascetics.

-tā A devoted virtuous wife (pativratā); रक्ते भटे रणमुखे रुधिरेण तस्मिन् रक्ता भवत्यमरयोषिदनुव्रतेन (rakte bhaṭe raṇamukhe rudhireṇa tasmin raktā bhavatyamarayoṣidanuvratena); विश्व- गुणादर्शचम्पू (viśva- guṇādarśacampū) 379.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuvrata (अनुव्रत).—[anu-vrata], adj., f. . 1. Devout, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 6, 16. 2. Faithful, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 251. 3. Attached to (with acc.), [Nala] 2, 26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuvrata (अनुव्रत).—[adjective] subject to the will of another; obedient, faithful, devoted to ([genetive] or [accusative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṇuvrata (अणुव्रत):—[=aṇu-vrata] [from aṇu > aṇ] n. [plural] Name of the five small duties or vows of the laymen adhering to the Jaina faith.

2) Anuvrata (अनुव्रत):—[=anu-vrata] mfn. devoted to, faithful to, ardently attached to (with [genitive case] or [accusative])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuvrata (अनुव्रत):—[bahuvrihi compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-taḥ-tā-tam) Acting friendly, devout, faithful. 2. m.

(-taḥ) A Jaina devotee of the first class (the two other being the mahāvrata and the nirvāṇa qq. vv.). “To attain the rank of Anuvrata one must forsake his family, entirely cutting off his hair, throwing away the sacred thread, holding in his hand a bundle of peacock’s feathers and an earthen pot (kamaṇḍalu), and wearing only tawny coloured clothes: be must reside for some time in one of their temples (As. Res. Ix. 248).” E. anu and vrata.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anuvrata (अनुव्रत):—[anu-vrata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Devoted to.

2) [(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Following, imitating. m. An attendant.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Anuvrata (अनुव्रत):—(1. anu + vrata)

1) adj. f. ā nach Jmdes Ordnung, Befehl, handelnd; gehorsam, ergeben (Gegens. apavrata, anyavrata): anuvratāya ra.dhaya.napavratān [Ṛgveda 1, 51, 9. 34, 4. 8, 13, 9. 10, 34, 32.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 3, 25, 4.] die Gattin [Nalopākhyāna 10, 12. 11, 15.] der Gatte [24, 18.] prajā [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 7, 1, 22.] ananuvrata ebend. Mit dem gen.: anuvrataḥ pi.uḥ pu.ro mā.rā bhavatu.saṃmanāḥ [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 3, 30, 2. 13, 1, 22. 14, 1, 42.] mit dem acc.: vaiśyāḥ kṣatramanuvratāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 6, 16.] tena te tamanuvratāḥ [2, 17, 11.] damayantīmanuvrataḥ [Nalopākhyāna 2, 26.] māṃ ca nityamanuvrataḥ [13, 31.] dharmamanuvratāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 45, 14.] vīramārgamanuvratāḥ [6, 32, 14.] Vgl. samanuvrata . —

2) m. eine bes. Klasse von Asceten bei den Jaina's [Asiatick Researches IX, 249.]

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Aṇuvrata (अणुव्रत):—n. bei den Jaina eine kleinere Pflicht oder — Gelübde; deren fünf [Hemacandra] [Yogaśāstra 2, 1. 18.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aṇuvrata (अणुव्रत):—n. eine kleine Pflicht oder — Gelübde bei den Jaina.

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Anuvrata (अनुव्रत):—Adj. (f. ā) nach Gebot handelnd , gehorsam , ergeben (mit Acc. und Gen.). — n. fehlerhaft für aṇubrata.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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