Anuvrata, aka: Aṇuvrata, Anu-vrata; 3 Definition(s)


Anuvrata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Anuvrata in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1a) Anuvrata (अनुव्रत).—A son of Śrutakīrti.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 5.

1b) The son of Kṣema, ruled for 64 years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 25.

1c) A class of people in Śākadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 27.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Anuvrata in Jainism glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aṇuvrata (अणुव्रत) refers to “minor vows” and represents one of the two types of vows (vrata) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.2.—What is meant by minor vows (aṇuvrata)? Partial abstinence from the five sins is called minor vows. How many types of minor vows are there? There are five types of minor vows namely non-violence (ahiṃsāṇuvrata), speaking the truth (satyāṇuvrata), non-stealing (acauryāṇuvrata), celibacy (brahmacaryāṇuvrata) and non-possession (aparigrahāṇuvrata).

According to the Tattvārthasūtra 7.20, what is meant by minor vow (aṇuvrata)? Aṇu means small or partial. Therefore minor vows mean small or partial vows. Why the vows of a householder (agārī or agārin) are called minor vows? As the vows observed by a householder lack complete abstinence from sins, therefore they are called minor vows.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anuvrata in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Anuvrata (अनुव्रत).—a. [anukūlaṃ vrata karma yasya]

1) Devoted or faithful to, राजानो राजपुत्राश्च धृतराष्ट्रमनुव्रताः (rājāno rājaputrāśca dhṛtarāṣṭramanuvratāḥ) Mb.3.35.3. attached to (with acc. or gen.); अभ्यगच्छददीनात्मा दमयन्तीमनुव्रतः (abhyagacchadadīnātmā damayantīmanuvrataḥ) Mb. 3.54.27. प्रियतमा का अनुव्रता (priyatamā kā anuvratā) Bh.2.13; वैश्याः क्षत्रमनुव्रताः (vaiśyāḥ kṣatramanuvratāḥ) Rām.

2) Duly performing the vows or duties prescribed (opp. apavrata) Bhāg.8.15.35.

-taḥ A class of Jaina ascetics.

-tā A devoted virtuous wife (pativratā); रक्ते भटे रणमुखे रुधिरेण तस्मिन् रक्ता भवत्यमरयोषिदनुव्रतेन (rakte bhaṭe raṇamukhe rudhireṇa tasmin raktā bhavatyamarayoṣidanuvratena); विश्व- गुणादर्शचम्पू (viśva- guṇādarśacampū) 379.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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