Anushtubh, aka: Anuṣṭubh; 9 Definition(s)
Anushtubh means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Anuṣṭubh can be transliterated into English as Anustubh or Anushtubh, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 21. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 52.
- 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 51. 64; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 22. 72; Matsya-purāṇa 125. 47; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 5.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 53. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 56.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Anuṣṭubh (अनुष्टुभ्).—Among metres, the Anuṣṭubh with its 4x8 syllables is the symbol of the celestial sphere. The Aitareya-brāhmaṇa (188.8.131.52) pictures the hierarchy of the universe evoked by the metre Anuṣṭubh,—64 syllables being in two Anuṣṭubhs: Each of the three worlds (earth, air, sky) contains 21 or 3x7 places, one rising above the other. “By 21 steps he (the sacrificer) ascends to each of these severally, by taking the 64th step he stands firm in the celestial world”. Numerically, it lies within the precincts of the square of 64 parts into which it appears precipiated.Source: Google Books: The Hindu Temple, Volume 1
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Anuṣṭubh (अनुष्टुभ्) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing eight syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. It can also be spelled as Anuṣṭup. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Anuṣṭubh (अनुष्टुभ्) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—This metre (Anuṣṭubh), otherwise known as Śloka possesses eight syllables in each of the quarters. The fifth syllable in each quarter should be laghu, the sixth guru and the seventh alternately laghu and guru. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
Anuṣṭubh (अनुष्टुभ्) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.
Anuṣṭubh is one of the seven prominent metres mentioned by Piṅgala as being associated with the Devatā (deity): Soma, Svara (note): Gāndhāra, Colour: yellow and Gotra (family): Gautama.
According to Kṣemendra, the metre Anuṣṭubh should be used in books which reflect the Purāṇas, show the right path of duties and mainly aiming at imparting advice. A wise poet should use the metre Anuṣṭubh in the beginning (ārambha) of a Mahākāvya written in various sargas, the description of a quoted topic (kathāprasaṅga) and also in the context of a didactical (śamopadeśa) work.Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Anuṣṭubh (अनुष्टुभ्) is the name of a metre used in Sanskrit prosody (chandas): one of the six vedāṅgas: disciplines developed in order to articulate and interpret sacred texts (such as the Ṛgveda).—Of the many metrical arrangements, anuṣṭubh is the most frequently employed metre in the classical Sanskrit literature and the epics Rāmāyaṇa and Mahābhārata have used this metre.Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (chandas)
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Anuṣṭup is the name of a meter and a metrical unit, found in both Vedic and Classical Sanskrit poetry, but with significant differences. By origin, an anuṣṭup stanza is a quatrain of four lines. Each line, called a pāda (lit. "foot") has eight syllables.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
India history and geogprahy
Anuṣṭubh.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘eight’. Note: anuṣṭubh is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Anuṣṭubh (अनुष्टुभ्).—1 P. (°stubh) To praise after, follow in praising.
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Anuṣṭubh (अनुष्टुभ्).—f. [anu nirantaram stubhyate'nayā anuṣṭup vāk]
1) Following in praise; speech.
3) Name of a class of metres consisting of four Pādas of 8 syllables each, the whole stanza consisting of 32 syllables (so called because it follows with its praise i. e. anuṣṭobhati the Gāyatrī, which has 3 Pādas), अनुष्टोभनादनुष्टुप् (anuṣṭobhanādanuṣṭup). In later metrical systems it stands as a general name for all metres which have 8 syllables in each foot (the highest possible number being computed to be 256); पञ्चमं लघु सर्वत्र सप्तमं द्विचतुर्थयोः । गुरु षष्ठं च पादानां शेषेष्वनियमो मतः (pañcamaṃ laghu sarvatra saptamaṃ dvicaturthayoḥ | guru ṣaṣṭhaṃ ca pādānāṃ śeṣeṣvaniyamo mataḥ) || which rule is sometimes violated. अनुष्टुभा सोम उक्थै- र्महस्वान् (anuṣṭubhā soma ukthai- rmahasvān) Rv.1.13.4.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 19 books and stories containing Anushtubh or Anuṣṭubh. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa VII, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Seventh Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa III, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Third Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa VIII, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Eight Kāṇḍa]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 87 - A Hundred Names of Viṣṇu < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Chapter 3 - Kinds of Creation < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 71 - Viṣṇu’s One Thousand Names (Viṣṇusahasranāma) < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (by Āśvalāyana)
The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (by Swāmī Mādhavānanda)
Section XIV - The Sacred Gayatri < [Chapter V]
Section III - The Prana: Its Glories and Redeeming Power < [Chapter I]
Apastamba Dharma-sutra (by Āpastamba)