Anuruddha; 4 Definition(s)
Anuruddha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Anuruddha Thera
First cousin of the Buddha and one of his most eminent disciples. He was the son of the Sakyan Amitodana and brother of Mahanama. When members of other Sakyan families had joined the Order of their distinguished kinsman, Mahanama was grieved that none had gone forth from his own. He therefore suggested to his brother that one of them should leave household life. Anuruddha was at first reluctant to agree, for he had been reared most delicately and luxuriously, dwelling in a different house for each season, surrounded by dancers and mimes. But on hearing from Mahanama of the endless round of household cares he agreed to go. He could not, however, get his mothers consent until he persuaded his cousin Bhaddiya to go with him. Together they went with Ananda, Bhagu, Kimbila, Devadatta and their barber Upali, to the Blessed One at the Anupiya Mango Grove and were ordained. Before the rainy season was over Anuruddha acquired the dibbacakkhu (Vin.ii.180-3; Mtu.iii.177f), and he was later ranked foremost among those who had obtained this attainment (A.i.23).
He then received from Sariputta, as topic of meditation, the eight thoughts of a great man. The list is given in A.iv.228ff. Another conversation he had with Sariputta before becoming an arahant is reported in A.i.281-2. He went into the Pacinavamsadaya in the Ceti country to practise these. He mastered seven, but could not learn the eighth. The Buddha, being aware of this, visited him and taught it to him. Thereupon Anuruddha developed insight and realised arahantship in the highest grade (A.iv. loc. cit.; AA.108-9; Thag.901).
Anuruddha appears in the Suttas as an affectionate and loyal comrade bhikkhu, full of affection to his kinsman, the Buddha, who returned his love. In the assembly he stood near the Buddha (Bu.v.60). When the Buddha, disgusted with the quarrels of the Kosambi monks, went away to seek more congenial surroundings, it was to Pacinavamsadaya that he repaired, where were Anuruddha, Nandiya and Kimbila. The Upakkilesa Sutta (M.iii.153f.), on the sweets of concord and freedom from blemish, seems to have been preached specially to Anuruddha on that occasion, for we are told at the end that he was pleased to have heard it, no mention being made of the other two. And again in the Nalakapana Sutta (M.i.462ff.), though a large number of distinguished monks are present, it is to Anuruddha that the Buddha directly addresses his questions, and it is Anuruddha who answers on behalf of them all. See also the Cula- and the Maha Gosinga Suttas.
Anuruddha was present when the Buddha died at Kusinara, and knew the exact moment of his death; the verse he uttered on that occasion is thoughtful and shows philosophic calm, in contrast, for example, with that of Ananda. D.ii.156-7. On this see Oldenberg, Nachrichten der Wissenschaften zu Goettingen,(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Anuruddha (अनुरुद्ध) is the name of an Āyuṣmat according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVII). Accordingly, “when the Āyuṣmat A ni lou teou (Anuruddha) was sitting in absorption (dhyāna) in a forest, some goddesses (devatā), the beautiful Ngai (Tṛṣṇā), etc., with their beautiful and wonderful pure bodies, came to tempt him. Anuruddha said: ‘Let these sisters (bhaginī) become blue (nīlavarṇa) and not show any mixed colors (miśravarṇa)’. He wanted to contemplate the impurities (aśubha) of their bodies in this way, but he did not succeed in seeing any. And it was the same when, at his request, they took on a yellow (pīta), red (lohita) and white (avadāta) color”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Anuruddha, (pp. of anurujjhati) enggaged in, devoted to; compliant or complied with, pleased S.IV, 71, (anānuruddha). (Page 42)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
3) Pacified, soothed.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 32 books and stories containing Anuruddha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 1 - The temptation of Anuruddha (visit of the Manāpakāyikā-devatās) < [Chapter XVII - The Virtue of Generosity]
Part 1 - Definitions of Prajñāpāramitā < [Chapter XVII - The Virtue of Generosity]
The Gośṛṅgasūtra < [III. Recollection of the community (saṃgānusmṛti)]
Apadana commentary (Atthakatha) (by U Lu Pe Win)
Commentary on the Biography of the thera Anuruddha < [Chapter 1 - Buddhavagga (Buddha section)]
Commentary on the biography of the thera Mahāmoggallāna < [Chapter 1 - Buddhavagga (Buddha section)]
Commentary on the Biography of the thera Upāli < [Chapter 1 - Buddhavagga (Buddha section)]
The Bhikkhus Rules (by Bhikkhu Ariyesako)
The Life of Sariputta (by Nyanaponika Thera)
Friendships < [Part II - Maturity Of Insight]
The Helper < [Part II - Maturity Of Insight]
The Last Debt Paid < [Part III - The Further Shore]
Guide to Tipitaka (by U Ko Lay)
Part III - Suññata Vagga < [(c) Uparipannasa Pali]
Part IV - Mahayamaka Vagga < [(a) Mulapannasa Pali]
Part 8 - Atthaka Nipata Pali < [Chapter VII - Anguttara Nikaya]
Patthana Dhamma (by Htoo Naing)