Anupa, Anūpa, Ānupa, Anupā, Ānūpa, Anūpā: 29 definitions


Anupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Anoop.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: The Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa

Anūpa means “a country situated near water,’’ or “a marshy country.” It was applied to various tracts near the sea, generally in the combination sāgarānūpa, e.g., in Bengal; in or near the Pánṇya kingdom in the South; in the north and west of the peninsula of Kathiawar; and on the western coast generally; but the name was more specially applied to a tract on the west coast which constituted a kingdom in the Pāṇḍavas’ time.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Anūpa (अनूप).—A famous place in ancient India. Some scholars hold the view that Anūpa is near river Narmadā. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 51, Verse 24).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Anūpa (अनूप).—(c)—the kingdom got by Sūta from Pṛthu. The people were Anūpas, a Vindhya tribe.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 172; 16. 65; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 147.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Anūpā (अनूपा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.44, I.65). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Anūpā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Anūpa (अनूप, “wet”) or Anūpadeśa refers to “wet land” and represents one of the three classifications of “land” (deśa), as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “this type of land [viz., anūpa-deśa] is rich in water resources and a variety of fauna on its copper coloured soil, which produces rice. It is a rugged terrain, full of small hillocks with a vast expanse and its air is pleasantly cooled by numerous waterfalls. Thus, it eradicates pitta-doṣa. This land possesses cold properties. The diseases of gastro-intestinal tract and also the diseases due to kapha and vāta are common in such lands”.

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Ānūpa (आनूप) refers to “marshy land water” and is classified as terrestial type of water (jala) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different types of water (jala) and their properties are mentioned here [viz., in jala-prakaraṇa]. The water is classified into two as celestial and terrestrial ones. Terrestrial waters are classified into three [viz., marshy land water (ānūpa)].

2) Ānūpa (आनूप) or Ānūpamāmṣa also refers to the meat of animals “living in marshy lands”, according to the same Bhojanakutūhala, in the dravyaguṇāguṇa section which contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Ānupa (आनुप, “sub-aquatic”):—One of the six types of habitats (deśa).—These geographical habitats are divided according to their bhūtas. Jāṅgala has a predominance of Vāta and Pitta. Skilled physicians should account for the nature of the habitat when treating a patient. The word is used throughout Ayurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Animals, which are generally found to frequent marshy places (Ānupas) may be divided into five groups, such as,

  1. the Kulachara (or, kūlacara) (frequenting the shores of pools and lakes),
  2. Plava (divers or swimmers),
  3. Koshastha (conchiferous aquatic animals such as, the molluscs etc.),
  4. the Padina
  5. and the (piscatory) Matsya.
Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Anūpa (अनूप) refers to “(water from) swamps”, as mentioned in verse 5.13-14 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] as concerns (water from) wells, ponds [viz., anūpa: jāṅgalānūpaśailataḥ], etc., one should know (if it comes) from jungle, swamp, or rock. No water or, in case of incapability, little (is) to be drunk by those suffering from weak digestion and visceral induration (and) by those suffering from jaundice, abdominal swellings, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, dysentery, and cutaneous swellings. Except in autumn and summer, even a healthy man shall drink only little”.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ānūpa (आनूप):—Marshy lands

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Anūpa (अनूप) or Sānūpa refers to “marshy lands” (suitable for tracking footprints), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Hunting by the observation of footprints (padaprekṣā) is that in which animals are tracked by their footprints and killed. It is of two kinds: [śvapadaprekṣikā and pūrvaśabdita] [...] These two kinds of hunting succeed greatly in sandy deserts or in marshy lands (sa-anūpa) in the rainy season and in others with the greatest trouble”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Anupa or Anupala is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Komatis (a trading caste of the Madras Presidency). Anupa refers to the plant Anupala (Dolichos Lablab). The Komatis are said to have originally lived, and still live in large numbers on the banks of the Godavari river. One of the local names thereof is Gomati or Gomti, and the Sanskrit Gomati would, in Telugu, become corrupted into Komati. The sub-divisions are split up into septs (viz., Anupa), which are of a strictly exogamous character.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Anūpa is the name of a land granted by king Subhikṣa (for the merit and fame of his parents and himself) as recorded in the “Plate of Subhikṣarājadeva” (10th century A.D.). It was situated within the jurisdiction of Varoṣikā-grāma, belonging to Nāhallāka and others measuring nine Droṇavāpas. Anūpa was dedicated to the goddess Nārāyaṇa-bhaṭṭāraka (Nārāyaṇa) who is said to have been installed on the bank of the Viṣṇugaṅgā.

This inscribed copper plate (mentioning Anūpa) is preserved in the temple of Yogabadarī (one of the Pañcabadarī) at Pāṇḍukeśvar (Pāṇḍukeśvara). It records the grant of many pieces of land, situated in the viṣayas (districts) of Ṭaṅgaṇāpura and Antaraṅga made by king Subhikṣa in favour of three deities.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

anupa : (m.) watery land.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Anupa, see anūpa. (Page 37)

— or —

Anūpa, (adj.) (Vedic anūpa, anu + ap: see āpa, orig. alongside of water) watery, moist; watery land, lowland J. IV.358 (anopa T; anupa C. p. 359), 381 (°khetta); Miln.129 (°khetta). (Page 45)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anūpa (अनूप).—a (anupama S) Strange, singular, uncommon: also queer, odd, comical: also wonderful or marvelous.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anūpa (अनूप).—a Strange, uncommon. Queer, wonderful.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anupa (अनुप).—= अनूप (anūpa), q. v.

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Anupā (अनुपा).—2 P.

1) To drink after (a person or thing), drink along with; (madhu pītvā) ... अनुपास्यसि बाष्पदूषितं जलाञ्जलिम् (anupāsyasi bāṣpadūṣitaṃ jalāñjalim) R.8.68; कल्माषान्भक्षयन्मधु चानुपिवेत् (kalmāṣānbhakṣayanmadhu cānupivet) Suśr.; (cūrṇaṃ) लीढ्वानुपीत्वा च पयोऽग्निशक्त्या कामं निकामं पुरुषो निषेवेत् (līḍhvānupītvā ca payo'gniśaktyā kāmaṃ nikāmaṃ puruṣo niṣevet) | Bṛ. S.76.6.

2) To follow in drinking.

3) (2 P.) = अनुपाल् (anupāl) q. v.

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Anupā (अनुपा).—2 P.

-pāl 1 P.

1) To guard, watch over, protect, defend; बालदायादिकं रिक्थं तावद्राजानुपालयेत् (bāladāyādikaṃ rikthaṃ tāvadrājānupālayet) Manusmṛti 8. 27 keep in custody.

2) To conform to, obey, observe; दशरथवचनमनुपालयन् (daśarathavacanamanupālayan) K.21; सत्येऽनुपालयेत्सत्यम् (satye'nupālayetsatyam) H.4.23; so प्रतिज्ञाम्, धर्मम्, मार्गम् (pratijñām, dharmam, mārgam) &c.; keep, preserve; अनुपालयतां प्रभुशक्तिम् (anupālayatāṃ prabhuśaktim) Kirātārjunīya 2.1 watching.

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Anūpa (अनूप).—a. [anu-ap ūdanordeśe P.VI.3.98, anugatāḥ āpaḥ yasmin]

1) Situated near water, watery, rich or abounding in water, wet, marshy. जलप्रायमनूपं स्यात्पुंसि कच्छस्तथा- विधः (jalaprāyamanūpaṃ syātpuṃsi kacchastathā- vidhaḥ) Amar.

-paḥ, -pam 1 A watery place or country; स्यन्दनाश्वैः समे युध्येदनूपे नौद्विपैस्तथा (syandanāśvaiḥ same yudhyedanūpe naudvipaistathā) Manusmṛti 7.192; Y.3.42; शौरेरूपानूपमपाहरन्मनः (śaurerūpānūpamapāharanmanaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 12.44. नानाद्रुमलतावीरुन्निर्झरप्रांतशीतलैः । वनैर्व्याप्तमनूपं तत्सस्यैर्व्रीहियवादिभीः (nānādrumalatāvīrunnirjharaprāṃtaśītalaiḥ | vanairvyāptamanūpaṃ tatsasyairvrīhiyavādibhīḥ)

2) Name of a particular country (-pāḥ pl.); तामग्रतः अनूपराजस्य विधाय (tāmagrataḥ anūparājasya vidhāya) R.6.37.

3) A marsh, bog.

4) A pond or tank of water.

5) Bank or side (of a river, mountain); सागरात्पर्वतानूपात् (sāgarātparvatānūpāt) Rām.; नदीं गोयुतानूपां अतरत् (nadīṃ goyutānūpāṃ atarat) ibid.

6) A buffalo.

7) A frog.

8) A kind of partridge.

9) An elephant.

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Ānūpa (आनूप).—a. (- f.) [अनूपदेशे भवः अण् (anūpadeśe bhavaḥ aṇ)]

1) Watery, marshy, wet.

2) Produced in a marshy place.

-paḥ Any animal frequenting marshy or watery places (as a buffalo); °मांसम् (māṃsam) the flesh of such animals.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anupa (अनुप).—mfn.

(-paḥ-pā-paṃ) Watery, marshy; more usually anūpa.

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Anūpa (अनूप).—mfn.

(-paḥ-pā-paṃ) Watery, wet. m.

(-paḥ) A buffalo. E. anu near or with, and āp water; ū is substituted for ā, and ac is added.

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Ānūpa (आनूप).—m.

(-paḥ) Any animal frequenting marshy places, as a buffalo, &c. E. anūpa marshy ground, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anūpa (अनूप).—i. e. anu-ap + a, I. adj., f. , Watery, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 192. Ii. m. A shore, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 15, 55.

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Ānūpa (आनूप).—i. e. anūpa + a. I. adj. Watery, marshy. Ii. m. Any animal frequenting marshy places.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anūpa (अनूप).—[masculine] a moist country; water-basin; shore.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anupā (अनुपा):—[=anu-pā] 1. anu-√1. to drink after or there upon, follow in drinking, drink at;

— Caus. ([Potential] -pāyayet) to cause to drink afterwards, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [=anu-pā] 2. anu-√2. [Causal] [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] -pālayati, te, to preserve, keep, cherish;

2) —to wait for, expect.

3) Anūpa (अनूप):—mfn. ([from] 2. ap q.v., with anu), situated near the water, watery, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) m. a watery country, [Manu-smṛti] etc.

5) pond, [Ṛg-veda]

6) bank of a river

7) a buffalo (cf. ānūpa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Name of a Ṛṣi, teacher of the Sāma-veda.

9) Ānūpa (आनूप):—mfn. ([from] anūpa [gana] kacchādi [Pāṇini 4-2, 133]), belonging to a watery place

10) wet, watery, marshy, [Suśruta]

11) m. any animal frequenting watery or marshy places, as fishes, buffaloes, etc. (cf. anūpa), [ib.]

12) a descendant of Anūpa

13) n. Name of a Sāman, [Lāṭyāyana iv, 6, 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anūpa (अनूप):—I. 1. [bahuvrihi compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-paḥ-pā-pam) Watery, rich in water. 2. m.

(-paḥ) (Used in a comm. of the Rāmāyaṇa also as a neuter: -pam.)

1) A moist country. According to the division of the medical Ātreya-Saṃhitā one of the three climates of India—see besides jāṅgala and sādhāraṇa; it is defined in Wise’s Hindu system of Medicine as having much water on its surface, being intersected by rivers and irregular in its surface, with high mountains and tall trees; the air being there cool and the wind temperate; abounding in grass, water flowers, geese, ducks, cranes, fish, serpents &c., unhealthy and its inhabitants being fat, indolent and weak.

2) (ved.) A jar (kalaśa).

3) The name of a country (mentioned f. i. amongst those conquered by Rudradāman, one of the Sinha-kings). 2. [tatpurusha compound] m.

(-paḥ) 1) A buffalo. [

2) Any animal living in the water or on shore.

3) The francoline partridge (tittiraka).

4) An elephant.

5) A frog (plava).

6) Any shelled animal which lives in the water.

7) An amphibious animal.

8) A fish. (The last seven meanings are given on the authority of several medical authors.)]

9) A proper name, an abbreviation of anūpasiṃha q. v. See anūpavilāsa. E. anu and ap, changed, according to Pāṇini, to ūp, samāsānta aff. a (the affix being the same in the [tatpurusha compound] and the [bahuvrihi compound], according to the Kāśikā), but as regards the change of the vowel, it is more probable that a of ap has got lost and the preceding vowel lengthened by way of compensation, analogously to samīpa, pratīpa, dvīpa, vīpa &c. In darbhānūpa q. v. the n is not changed to . Ii. [tatpurusha compound] m.

(-paḥ) (ved.) Throwing or effusing in regular succession or according to (scil. one’s functions); an epithet of the three divinities Parjanya, Vāyu and Āditya ‘who effuse on the earth (i. e. produce there) rain, cold and heat successively or according to their functions’ (accord. to Yāska and Sāyaṇa). E. vap with anu, kṛt aff. ac(?), but it is better perhaps to assume that this anūpa means originally ‘favourable, propitious’ and comes from anu and ap, kṛt aff. ac. For the latter etym. see the Preface.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anupa (अनुप):—[(paḥ-pā-paṃ) a.] Watery.

2) Anūpa (अनूप):—(paḥ) 1. m. A buffalo. a. Wet.

3) Ānūpa (आनूप):—(paḥ) 1. n. Any animals living in marshy places.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anupa (अनुप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṇuya, Aṇūve, Āṇūga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anupa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Anūpa (अनूप) [Also spelled anoop]:—(a) unequalled, unparalleled, singular, unique, out and away.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anūpa (ಅನೂಪ):—[adjective] abounding or covered with, water ; marshy.

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Anūpa (ಅನೂಪ):—

1) [noun] = ಅನೂಪದೇಶ [anupadesha].

2) [noun] a tract of low, wet, soft land that is temporarily or permanently, covered with water, characterised by aquatic, grass-like vegetation; marshy land.

3) [noun] a stretch of rising land on either side of a river.

4) [noun] a steep rise or slope, as of a hill.

5) [noun] a natural or artificial pool or pond used for water storage.

6) [noun] domesticated wild bovid, as the water buffalo of India; a buffalo.

7) [noun] a tailless, leaping amphibian with long, powerful hind legs, short forelegs, a smooth skin, and webbed feet; a frog.

8) [noun] thick-skinned, almost hairless mammal, the largest of extant four-footed animals, with a long, flexible trunk; an elephant.

9) [noun] a kind of partridge.

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Ānūpa (ಆನೂಪ):—[adjective] containing or full of water; watery; marshy; wet.

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Ānūpa (ಆನೂಪ):—[noun] any animal that frequents marshy places, (such as a buffalo).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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