Anupa, Anūpa, Ānupa, Anupā, Ānūpa, Anūpā: 28 definitions
Anupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Anoop.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: The Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa
Anūpa means “a country situated near water,’’ or “a marshy country.” It was applied to various tracts near the sea, generally in the combination sāgarānūpa, e.g., in Bengal; in or near the Pánṇya kingdom in the South; in the north and west of the peninsula of Kathiawar; and on the western coast generally; but the name was more specially applied to a tract on the west coast which constituted a kingdom in the Pāṇḍavas’ time.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Anūpa (अनूप).—A famous place in ancient India. Some scholars hold the view that Anūpa is near river Narmadā. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 51, Verse 24).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Anūpa (अनूप).—(c)—the kingdom got by Sūta from Pṛthu. The people were Anūpas, a Vindhya tribe.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 172; 16. 65; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 147.
Anūpā (अनूपा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.44, I.65). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Anūpā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ānupa (आनुप, “sub-aquatic”):—One of the six types of habitats (deśa).—These geographical habitats are divided according to their bhūtas. Jāṅgala has a predominance of Vāta and Pitta. Skilled physicians should account for the nature of the habitat when treating a patient. The word is used throughout Ayurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Animals, which are generally found to frequent marshy places (Ānupas) may be divided into five groups, such as,
- the Kulachara (or, kūlacara) (frequenting the shores of pools and lakes),
- Plava (divers or swimmers),
- Koshastha (conchiferous aquatic animals such as, the molluscs etc.),
- the Padina
- and the (piscatory) Matsya.
Anūpa (अनूप) refers to “(water from) swamps”, as mentioned in verse 5.13-14 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] as concerns (water from) wells, ponds [viz., anūpa: jāṅgalānūpaśailataḥ], etc., one should know (if it comes) from jungle, swamp, or rock. No water or, in case of incapability, little (is) to be drunk by those suffering from weak digestion and visceral induration (and) by those suffering from jaundice, abdominal swellings, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, dysentery, and cutaneous swellings. Except in autumn and summer, even a healthy man shall drink only little”.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Anūpa (अनूप, “wet”) or Anūpadeśa refers to “wet land” and represents one of the three classifications of “land” (deśa), as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “this type of land [viz., anūpa-deśa] is rich in water resources and a variety of fauna on its copper coloured soil, which produces rice. It is a rugged terrain, full of small hillocks with a vast expanse and its air is pleasantly cooled by numerous waterfalls. Thus, it eradicates pitta-doṣa. This land possesses cold properties. The diseases of gastro-intestinal tract and also the diseases due to kapha and vāta are common in such lands”.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
1) Ānūpa (आनूप) refers to “marshy land water” and is classified as terrestial type of water (jala) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different types of water (jala) and their properties are mentioned here [viz., in jala-prakaraṇa]. The water is classified into two as celestial and terrestrial ones. Terrestrial waters are classified into three [viz., marshy land water (ānūpa)].
2) Ānūpa (आनूप) or Ānūpamāmṣa also refers to the meat of animals “living in marshy lands”, according to the same Bhojanakutūhala, in the dravyaguṇāguṇa section which contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Ānūpa (आनूप):—Marshy lands
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
India history and geographySource: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
Anupa or Anupala is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Komatis (a trading caste of the Madras Presidency). Anupa refers to the plant Anupala (Dolichos Lablab). The Komatis are said to have originally lived, and still live in large numbers on the banks of the Godavari river. One of the local names thereof is Gomati or Gomti, and the Sanskrit Gomati would, in Telugu, become corrupted into Komati. The sub-divisions are split up into septs (viz., Anupa), which are of a strictly exogamous character.Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
Anūpa is the name of a land granted by king Subhikṣa (for the merit and fame of his parents and himself) as recorded in the “Plate of Subhikṣarājadeva” (10th century A.D.). It was situated within the jurisdiction of Varoṣikā-grāma, belonging to Nāhallāka and others measuring nine Droṇavāpas. Anūpa was dedicated to the goddess Nārāyaṇa-bhaṭṭāraka (Nārāyaṇa) who is said to have been installed on the bank of the Viṣṇugaṅgā.
This inscribed copper plate (mentioning Anūpa) is preserved in the temple of Yogabadarī (one of the Pañcabadarī) at Pāṇḍukeśvar (Pāṇḍukeśvara). It records the grant of many pieces of land, situated in the viṣayas (districts) of Ṭaṅgaṇāpura and Antaraṅga made by king Subhikṣa in favour of three deities.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
anupa : (m.) watery land.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Anupa, see anūpa. (Page 37)
— or —
Anūpa, (adj.) (Vedic anūpa, anu + ap: see āpa, orig. alongside of water) watery, moist; watery land, lowland J. IV.358 (anopa T; anupa C. p. 359), 381 (°khetta); Miln.129 (°khetta). (Page 45)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
anūpa (अनूप).—a (anupama S) Strange, singular, uncommon: also queer, odd, comical: also wonderful or marvelous.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
anūpa (अनूप).—a Strange, uncommon. Queer, wonderful.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Anupa (अनुप).—= अनूप (anūpa), q. v.
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Anupā (अनुपा).—2 P.
1) To drink after (a person or thing), drink along with; (madhu pītvā) ... अनुपास्यसि बाष्पदूषितं जलाञ्जलिम् (anupāsyasi bāṣpadūṣitaṃ jalāñjalim) R.8.68; कल्माषान्भक्षयन्मधु चानुपिवेत् (kalmāṣānbhakṣayanmadhu cānupivet) Suśr.; (cūrṇaṃ) लीढ्वानुपीत्वा च पयोऽग्निशक्त्या कामं निकामं पुरुषो निषेवेत् (līḍhvānupītvā ca payo'gniśaktyā kāmaṃ nikāmaṃ puruṣo niṣevet) | Bṛ. S.76.6.
2) To follow in drinking.
3) (2 P.) = अनुपाल् (anupāl) q. v.
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Anupā (अनुपा).—2 P.
-pāl 1 P.
1) To guard, watch over, protect, defend; बालदायादिकं रिक्थं तावद्राजानुपालयेत् (bāladāyādikaṃ rikthaṃ tāvadrājānupālayet) Manusmṛti 8. 27 keep in custody.
2) To conform to, obey, observe; दशरथवचनमनुपालयन् (daśarathavacanamanupālayan) K.21; सत्येऽनुपालयेत्सत्यम् (satye'nupālayetsatyam) H.4.23; so प्रतिज्ञाम्, धर्मम्, मार्गम् (pratijñām, dharmam, mārgam) &c.; keep, preserve; अनुपालयतां प्रभुशक्तिम् (anupālayatāṃ prabhuśaktim) Kirātārjunīya 2.1 watching.
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Anūpa (अनूप).—a. [anu-ap ūdanordeśe P.VI.3.98, anugatāḥ āpaḥ yasmin]
1) Situated near water, watery, rich or abounding in water, wet, marshy. जलप्रायमनूपं स्यात्पुंसि कच्छस्तथा- विधः (jalaprāyamanūpaṃ syātpuṃsi kacchastathā- vidhaḥ) Amar.
-paḥ, -pam 1 A watery place or country; स्यन्दनाश्वैः समे युध्येदनूपे नौद्विपैस्तथा (syandanāśvaiḥ same yudhyedanūpe naudvipaistathā) Manusmṛti 7.192; Y.3.42; शौरेरूपानूपमपाहरन्मनः (śaurerūpānūpamapāharanmanaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 12.44. नानाद्रुमलतावीरुन्निर्झरप्रांतशीतलैः । वनैर्व्याप्तमनूपं तत्सस्यैर्व्रीहियवादिभीः (nānādrumalatāvīrunnirjharaprāṃtaśītalaiḥ | vanairvyāptamanūpaṃ tatsasyairvrīhiyavādibhīḥ)
2) Name of a particular country (-pāḥ pl.); तामग्रतः अनूपराजस्य विधाय (tāmagrataḥ anūparājasya vidhāya) R.6.37.
3) A marsh, bog.
4) A pond or tank of water.
5) Bank or side (of a river, mountain); सागरात्पर्वतानूपात् (sāgarātparvatānūpāt) Rām.; नदीं गोयुतानूपां अतरत् (nadīṃ goyutānūpāṃ atarat) ibid.
6) A buffalo.
7) A frog.
8) A kind of partridge.
9) An elephant.
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Ānūpa (आनूप).—a. (-pī f.) [अनूपदेशे भवः अण् (anūpadeśe bhavaḥ aṇ)]
1) Watery, marshy, wet.
2) Produced in a marshy place.
-paḥ Any animal frequenting marshy or watery places (as a buffalo); °मांसम् (māṃsam) the flesh of such animals.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-paḥ-pā-paṃ) Watery, marshy; more usually anūpa.
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(-paḥ-pā-paṃ) Watery, wet. m.
(-paḥ) A buffalo. E. anu near or with, and āp water; ū is substituted for ā, and ac is added.
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(-paḥ) Any animal frequenting marshy places, as a buffalo, &c. E. anūpa marshy ground, and aṇ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Anūpa (अनूप).—i. e. anu-ap + a, I. adj., f. pā, Watery, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 192. Ii. m. A shore, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 15, 55.
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Ānūpa (आनूप).—i. e. anūpa + a. I. adj. Watery, marshy. Ii. m. Any animal frequenting marshy places.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Anūpa (अनूप).—[masculine] a moist country; water-basin; shore.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Anupā (अनुपा):—[=anu-pā] 1. anu-√1. pā to drink after or there upon, follow in drinking, drink at;
— Caus. ([Potential] -pāyayet) to cause to drink afterwards, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]
2) [=anu-pā] 2. anu-√2. pā [Causal] [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] -pālayati, te, to preserve, keep, cherish;
2) —to wait for, expect.
3) Anūpa (अनूप):—mfn. ([from] 2. ap q.v., with anu), situated near the water, watery, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) m. a watery country, [Manu-smṛti] etc.
5) pond, [Ṛg-veda]
6) bank of a river
7) a buffalo (cf. ānūpa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) Name of a Ṛṣi, teacher of the Sāma-veda.
9) Ānūpa (आनूप):—mfn. ([from] anūpa [gana] kacchādi [Pāṇini 4-2, 133]), belonging to a watery place
10) wet, watery, marshy, [Suśruta]
11) m. any animal frequenting watery or marshy places, as fishes, buffaloes, etc. (cf. anūpa), [ib.]
12) a descendant of Anūpa
13) n. Name of a Sāman, [Lāṭyāyana iv, 6, 1.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Anūpa (अनूप):—I. 1. [bahuvrihi compound] 1. m. f. n.
(-paḥ-pā-pam) Watery, rich in water. 2. m.
(-paḥ) (Used in a comm. of the Rāmāyaṇa also as a neuter: -pam.)
1) A moist country. According to the division of the medical Ātreya-Saṃhitā one of the three climates of India—see besides jāṅgala and sādhāraṇa; it is defined in Wise’s Hindu system of Medicine as having much water on its surface, being intersected by rivers and irregular in its surface, with high mountains and tall trees; the air being there cool and the wind temperate; abounding in grass, water flowers, geese, ducks, cranes, fish, serpents &c., unhealthy and its inhabitants being fat, indolent and weak.
2) (ved.) A jar (kalaśa).
3) The name of a country (mentioned f. i. amongst those conquered by Rudradāman, one of the Sinha-kings). 2. [tatpurusha compound] m.
(-paḥ) 1) A buffalo. [
2) Any animal living in the water or on shore.
3) The francoline partridge (tittiraka).
4) An elephant.
5) A frog (plava).
6) Any shelled animal which lives in the water.
7) An amphibious animal.
8) A fish. (The last seven meanings are given on the authority of several medical authors.)]
9) A proper name, an abbreviation of anūpasiṃha q. v. See anūpavilāsa. E. anu and ap, changed, according to Pāṇini, to ūp, samāsānta aff. a (the affix being the same in the [tatpurusha compound] and the [bahuvrihi compound], according to the Kāśikā), but as regards the change of the vowel, it is more probable that a of ap has got lost and the preceding vowel lengthened by way of compensation, analogously to samīpa, pratīpa, dvīpa, vīpa &c. In darbhānūpa q. v. the n is not changed to ṇ. Ii. [tatpurusha compound] m.
(-paḥ) (ved.) Throwing or effusing in regular succession or according to (scil. one’s functions); an epithet of the three divinities Parjanya, Vāyu and Āditya ‘who effuse on the earth (i. e. produce there) rain, cold and heat successively or according to their functions’ (accord. to Yāska and Sāyaṇa). E. vap with anu, kṛt aff. ac(?), but it is better perhaps to assume that this anūpa means originally ‘favourable, propitious’ and comes from anu and ap, kṛt aff. ac. For the latter etym. see the Preface.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Anupa (अनुप):—[(paḥ-pā-paṃ) a.] Watery.
2) Anūpa (अनूप):—(paḥ) 1. m. A buffalo. a. Wet.
3) Ānūpa (आनूप):—(paḥ) 1. n. Any animals living in marshy places.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Anūpa (अनूप) [Also spelled anoop]:—(a) unequalled, unparalleled, singular, unique, out and away.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Anūpa (ಅನೂಪ):—[adjective] abounding or covered with, water ; marshy.
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1) [noun] = ಅನೂಪದೇಶ [anupadesha].
2) [noun] a tract of low, wet, soft land that is temporarily or permanently, covered with water, characterised by aquatic, grass-like vegetation; marshy land.
3) [noun] a stretch of rising land on either side of a river.
4) [noun] a steep rise or slope, as of a hill.
5) [noun] a natural or artificial pool or pond used for water storage.
6) [noun] domesticated wild bovid, as the water buffalo of India; a buffalo.
7) [noun] a tailless, leaping amphibian with long, powerful hind legs, short forelegs, a smooth skin, and webbed feet; a frog.
8) [noun] thick-skinned, almost hairless mammal, the largest of extant four-footed animals, with a long, flexible trunk; an elephant.
9) [noun] a kind of partridge.
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Ānūpa (ಆನೂಪ):—[adjective] containing or full of water; watery; marshy; wet.
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Ānūpa (ಆನೂಪ):—[noun] any animal that frequents marshy places, (such as a buffalo).
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+435): Anupabadha, Anupabandhana, Anupabandhanata, Anupabandhati, Anupabbajati, Anupabbajja, Anupabhoga, Anupabhogya, Anupabhujyamana, Anupabhukta, Anupabrimhayati, Anupac, Anupacanda, Anupacandra, Anupacarayukta, Anupacarita, Anupaccheda, Anupacchedana, Anupacchedanata, Anupacchinna.
Full-text (+152): Anupaja, Anupamamsa, Anupapraya, Upasamharin, Anupavilasa, Anupalin, Anupalana, Anupya, Anupavisati, Anupaka, Anupadesha, Anupavatteti, Anupasimha, Anopa, Anupastha, Darbhanupa, Anupaghata, Nirupavadya, Anupalayat, Anupam.
Search found 29 books and stories containing Anupa, Anūpa, Ānupa, Anupā, Ānūpa, Anūpā, Anu-pa, Anu-pā; (plurals include: Anupas, Anūpas, Ānupas, Anupās, Ānūpas, Anūpās, pas, pās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 10.27.23 < [Sukta 27]
Rig Veda 10.101.5 < [Sukta 101]
Rig Veda 3.13.7 < [Sukta 13]
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita (by Nayana Sharma)
Certain aspects of dietary regimen < [Chapter 7]
Hygiene and Environmental Issues (Introduction) < [Chapter 6]
Procurement of medicinal drugs < [Chapter 7]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Vastu-shastra (2): Town Planning (by D. N. Shukla)
Samarangana-sutradhara (Summary) (by D. N. Shukla)