Anunaya; 9 Definition(s)


Anunaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Anunaya (अनुनय, “mediation”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Anunaya (अनुनय, “mediation”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of anunaya: Words which are used to please two persons with mutually opposed resolution and are aimed at accomplishing some object, constitute Mediation (anunaya, lit. “imploring”).

Source: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Anunaya in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

anunaya : (m.) friendliness.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Anunaya, (fr. anuneti) “leading along”, friendliness, courtesy, falling in with, fawning D.III, 254 (°saṃyojana); A.IV, 7 sq. (id.) M.I, 191; Dhs.1059; Vbh.145; Nett 79; combd. w. opp. paṭigha (repugnance) at Miln.44, 122, 322. (Page 37)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Anunaya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

anunaya (अनुनय).—m S Humble supplication. 2 Respectful or reverential deportment. 3 Leading along, training, disciplining.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anunaya (अनुनय).—m Conciliation, prepitiation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anunaya (अनुनय).—See under अनुनी (anunī).

See also (synonyms): anunāyikā.

--- OR ---

Anunaya (अनुनय).—a. [nī-ac] Kind, conciliatory, pacifying (as words). तुल्यदुःखोऽब्रवीद्भ्राता लक्ष्मणोऽनुनयं वचः (tulyaduḥkho'bravīdbhrātā lakṣmaṇo'nunayaṃ vacaḥ) Rām.4.27.33.

-yaḥ 1 Conciliation, propitiation, pacification (of anger), friendly persuasion; कथं नु शक्योऽनुनयो महर्षेर्विश्राणना- च्चान्यपयस्विनीनाम् (kathaṃ nu śakyo'nunayo maharṣerviśrāṇanā- ccānyapayasvinīnām) R.2.54; कथं वा तेषामनुनयः कृतः (kathaṃ vā teṣāmanunayaḥ kṛtaḥ) H.4; प्रकृति- वक्रः स कस्यानुनयं प्रितगृह्णाति (prakṛti- vakraḥ sa kasyānunayaṃ pritagṛhṇāti) Ś.4.

2) Courtesy, civility, courteous or polite behaviour, modesty, modest or respectful deportment, conciliatory act (such as salutation); showing respect (to a guest, deity &c.); विविधैरनुतप्यन्ते दयितानुनयैर्मनस्विन्यः (vividhairanutapyante dayitānunayairmanasvinyaḥ) V.3.5; दयितजनः° (dayitajanaḥ°) 2. 22; वाक्यैः स्निग्धैरनुनयो भवेदर्थस्य साधनम् (vākyaiḥ snigdhairanunayo bhavedarthasya sādhanam) S. D.458.

3) An humble supplication or entreaty, a request in general; भद्र प्रियं नः कींतु त्वदभिप्रायापरिज्ञानान्तरितोऽयमस्मदनुनयः (bhadra priyaṃ naḥ kīṃtu tvadabhiprāyāparijñānāntarito'yamasmadanunayaḥ) Mu.2; R.6.2; निषेधवाक्यालङ्कारजिज्ञासानुनये खलु (niṣedhavākyālaṅkārajijñāsānunaye khalu) Ak; °आम- न्त्रणम् (āma- ntraṇam) conciliatory address.

4) Discipline, training, regulation of conduct.

-yam adv. Fitly, suitably.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anunaya (अनुनय).—m. (= Pali id.; also Sanskrit in meaning propitiation, das Geneigtmachen; friendliness, affection, in favorable or at least neutral sense), love, attachment; ingratiation, in BHS almost invariably in a bad sense (a rare exception is Divy 510.4, of innocent attachment, affection). Very often contrasted with pratigha, q.v.; the pair may re- place rāga and dveṣa, as feelings to be avoided; so in dvandva cpd. anunaya-pratigha- (Pali also anunaya- paṭigha), LV 10.1; 33.7; 275.6—7; 374.3, (read) ihānunaya- pratighānāṃ kalvahaivādaprahāṇaparyantaḥ prāpto mayā, here I have got to the end—which consists of abandonment of quarrels and disputes—of attachment and repugnance; 442.5; Divy 240.24; KP 101.1; Mmk 13.22; Dbh 29.6; also, less commonly, pratighānunaya (Pali also paṭi°) Sādh 115.15; Gv 245.24; without pratigha, anunaya (un- desirable) attachment or lust is contrasted with maitrī, (desirable) affection, (pure) love in Gv 472.3-4 ye te maitrīvihāriṇaś ca na kvacid anunayavihāriṇaḥ; in Gv 351.24 perhaps contrasted with pratighāta, q.v. (viṣaya- raty-)anunayo vā pratighātacittatā vā; Divy 257.20 anunaya-vacanair, with words of (impure sexual) love (spoken by a mother to her son with whom she had in- cestuous relations); LV 319.21 (yadi) tāvac chakyetāyam anunayenotthāpayitum, (Māra speaks:) whether he can be moved by lust (for women; Māhārāṣṭrī is sending his daughters to tempt the Bodhisattva); anunayāsaṃdhūkṣaṇatā (Mvy °saṃdhukṣ°, v.l. and Mironov °saṃpṛkṣ°), state of not being inflamed with (sexual) lust Mvy 2594; LV 32.7; anunaya-nimittaṃ SP 277.1 a cause (or motive) for in- gratiating oneself (with women; should be avoided by a Bodhisattva); Mvy 2131 = Tibetan rjes su chags pa, affection towards; visabhāgasattvānunayāt Śikṣ 193.17, see visa- bhāga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Anunaya (अनुनय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Salutation, courtesy, civility, shewing respect or adoration to a guest or a deity. 2. Regulation of conduct, discipline, tuition. E. anu and naya, from ṇīñ to guide or lead, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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