Anula, Anulā, Anūlā: 7 definitions



Anula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Anula - A Thera, incumbent of the Kotipabbatamahavihara in Ceylon. He evidently possessed the celestial eye and, seeing how Sumana, wife of Lakuntaka atimbara, had once been a pig, he expressed marvel that such things should happen. She heard his exclamation, and having learnt from him the story of that past life, she herself got the power of seeing her past lives. DhA.iv.50-1.

2. Anula - See Maha Anula.

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1. Anula - Daughter of Mutasiva, King of Ceylon, and wife of Mahanaga, who was brother and sub king to Devanampiya Tissa. With five hundred other women she heard Mahinda preach the Petavatthu, the Vimanavatthu and the Sacca Samyutta, and together with the others became a Stream enterer (Mhv.xiv.56-7; Dpv.xi.8; xii.82). Later, hearing the sermon preached by Mahinda in the Mahameghavana, she, with others, became a Sakadagami, and expressed to the king their wish to receive ordination. It was to enable these to be ordained that Sanghamitta was sent for (Mhv.xv.18-19; Sp.i.90ff.; Dpv.xv.73ff). Until the arrival of Sanghamitta, Anula and her companions observed the ten precepts and lived in the Upasika Vihara. Mhv.xviii.9-12. The Tika (p.388) says they took on the ekasanikanga vow as well; see also Mbv. pp.121, 144, 167.

After her ordination Anula became an arahant (Mhv.xix.65; xvi.41) and was the first woman arahant in Ceylon.

2. Anula - Widow of Khallatanaga, King of Ceylon, and later wife of Vattagamani (Mhv.xxxiii.35, 36). When Vattagamani had to flee from his enemies, she was the only one of his wives whom he took with him, because she was with child (Mhv.xxxiii.45). Later, when they were hiding in Malaya, under the protection of Tanasiva, Anula quarrelled with the wife of Tanasiva and, as a result, Vattagamani killed him. (Mhv.xxxiii.62ff).

3. Anula - Wife of Coranaga and Queen of Ceylon for four months (in A.D. 12-16). She was a lewd woman and killed her husband that she might marry Mahaculas son, Tissa. She soon got tired of him and poisoned him. Then, in succession, she had as husbands Siva, a palace guard; Vatuka, a Tamil carpenter; Tissa, a woodcarrier; the Damila Niliya, a palace priest - all of whom she removed by poisoning. The last one she killed because she wished to live indiscriminately with thirty two palace guards.

In the end she was killed by Kutakannatissa (Mhv.xxxiv.16-34; Dpv.xix.50ff).

4. Anula - The chief woman disciple of Kassapa Buddha. Bu.xxv.40; J.i.43.

5. Anula - Daughter of Culasetthi of Benares. She lived with her husband in Andhakavinda, and after her fathers death she fed brahmins in his name, but this pious act was of no benefit to him (PvA.105ff).

6. Anula - One of the chief women supporters of Mangala Buddha (Bu.iv.25).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anūlā (अनूला).—Name of a river in Kashmir.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anūlā (अनूला).—f. The name of a river.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anulā (अनुला):—f. Name of a female Arhat or Buddhist saint

2) also of a queen of Ceylon.

3) Anūlā (अनूला):—f. Name of a river in Kāśmīra.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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