Anubandha: 14 definitions


Anubandha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Anubandha (अनुबन्ध, “continuity”) or “coherence” represents one of six “elements of diction” (aṅga). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19, these six elements of diction are part of the ‘vocal representation’ (vācika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Anubandha refers to the absence of separation between words (or not taking breath while uttering them). Anubandha can be used in the Heroic, the Furious and the Marvellous Sentiment.

2) Anubandha (अनुबन्ध) refers to one of the four kinds of karaṇa (production), ābiddha (breaking up) and vyañjana (indication), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Karaṇa, Ābiddha and Vyañjana represents classes of dhātu (stroke), which relate to different aspects of strokes in playing stringed instruments (tata).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra,

“the karaṇa-dhātus (eg., anubandha) will consist respectively of three, five, seven and nine light strokes, and the being combined and all ending in a heavy stroke”.

“the ābiddha-dhātus (eg., anubandha) will consist respectively of two, three, four and nine strokes made gradually and slowly, and a combination of these”.

“the vyañjana-dhātu named anubandha is one irregular combination (lit. breaking up and combination) of all these and it relates to all the dhātus”.

3) Anubandha (अनुबन्ध) refers to one of the six kinds of songs (dhrūva) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 32.384:—“a dhruvā which is begun in a playlike (?) manner and which adopts a tempo meant for it, is called anubandha. In case of inferior characters and of any one dead, there should be anubandha with proper tempo”.

Source: Natya Shastra

Anubandha (अनुबन्ध, “continuation”).—One or more Segment (sandhi) should be attached to the Episode (patākā). As these serve the purpose of the Principal Plot (ādhikārika) they are called Continuation (anubandha).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Uṇādi-Sūtras In The Sanskrit Grammatical Tradition

Anubandha (अनुबन्ध) is a letter that is attached to a stem (prakṛti), affix (pratyaya), augment (āgama) or a substitute (ādeśa) to indicate the occurrence of some special grammatical functions such as ‘vikaraṇa’, ‘āgama’, ‘guṇa’ or ‘vṛddhi’, ‘accent’ etc., but which, when the finished word (pada) is ready or formed, is no longer extant and is dropped in consonance with the designation ‘it’ given to it.

The Nyāyakośa says that an anubandha is the name given to a letter (or a group of letters) that is attached to prakṛti, pratyaya, etc. to indicate the occurrence of certain grammatical operations such as substitution by the guṇa or vṛddhi, their prevention, accentuation, etc. in the base to which they are applied, but is not allowed to form a part of the word or the expression when fully formed.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Anubandha (अनुबन्ध).—A letter or letters added to a word before or after it, only to signify some specific purpose such as (a) the addition of an afix (e. g. क्त्रि, अथुच् अङ् (ktri, athuc aṅ) etc.) or (b) the substitution of गुण, वृद्धि (guṇa, vṛddhi) or संप्रसारण (saṃprasāraṇa) vowel or (c) sometimes their prevention. These anubandha letters are termed इत् (it) (lit. going or disappearing) by Pāṇini (cf. उपदेशेजनुनासिक इत् (upadeśejanunāsika it) etc. I.3.2 to 9), and they do not form an essential part of the word to which they are attached, the word in usage being always found without the इत् (it) letter. For technical purposes in grammar, however, such as आदित्व (āditva) or अन्तत्व (antatva) of affixes which are characterized by इत् (it) letters, they are looked upon as essential factors, cf. अनेकान्ता अनुबन्धाः, एकान्ताः (anekāntā anubandhāḥ, ekāntāḥ), etc, Par. Śek. Pari. 4 to 8. Although पाणिनि (pāṇini) has invariably used the term इत् (it) for अनुबन्ध (anubandha) letters in his Sūtras, Patañjali and other reputed writers on Pāṇini's grammar right on upto Nāgeśa of the 18th century have used the term अनुबन्ध (anubandha) of ancient grammarians in their writings in the place of इत् (it). The term अनुबन्ध (anubandha) was chosen for mute significatory letters by ancient grammarians probably on account of the analogy of the अनुबन्ध्य पशु (anubandhya paśu), tied down at sacrifices to the post and subsequently slaughtered.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Anubandha.—(CII 1), same as krama, order. (SITI), help. Note: anubandha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Anubandha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

anubandha : (m.) bond.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Anubandha, (anu + bandh) bondage M.III, 170; It.91. (Page 39)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Anubandha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anubandha (अनुबंध).—m (S) A fetter, clog, impediment, particularly the encumbrances and cares of a family. 2 An element of language, a root, an affix, an adjunct. 3 Appertainment, dependence, close connection or attachment: also an appendage or adjunct or close concomitant. 4 A secondary or symptomatic affection.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anubandha (अनुबंध).—m Appertainment, close con- comitant. Consequence, result.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Anubandha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anubandha (अनुबन्ध).—1 Binding or fastening on, connection, attachment, tie (lit. & fig.); यस्यां मनश्चक्षुषोरनुबन्धस्तस्या- मृद्धिः (yasyāṃ manaścakṣuṣoranubandhastasyā- mṛddhiḥ) Māl.2; एतस्येदृशेन दर्शनेन कीदृशो मे हृदयानुबन्धः इति न जानासि (etasyedṛśena darśanena kīdṛśo me hṛdayānubandhaḥ iti na jānāsi) U.3 state of feeling; K.257.

2) Uninterrupted succession, unbroken sequence, continuous flow, continuity; series, chain; बाष्पं कुसु स्थिरतया विरतानुबन्धम् (bāṣpaṃ kusu sthiratayā viratānubandham) Ś.4. 15; मरण° (maraṇa°) K.236 following up death, desire for dying; अनुबन्धाद्विरमेद्वा (anubandhādviramedvā) K.28; यदा नात्याक्षीदेवानुबन्धम् (yadā nātyākṣīdevānubandham) 39 (persistence in) following me, 317; वैर°, मत्सर° (vaira°, matsara°), Dk.63,161; मुच्यतां देवि शोकानुबन्धः (mucyatāṃ devi śokānubandhaḥ) K.63 continuous sorrow; दुर्लभजन- प्रार्थना° (durlabhajana- prārthanā°) Ratn.1; विरम विरम वह्ने मुञ्च धूमानुबन्धम् (virama virama vahne muñca dhūmānubandham) 4.16; सानु- बन्धाः कथं न स्युः संपदो मे निरापदः (sānu- bandhāḥ kathaṃ na syuḥ saṃpado me nirāpadaḥ) R.1.64 continuous, uninterrupted; परिवृद्धरीगमनुबन्धसेवया (parivṛddharīgamanubandhasevayā) R.9.69 continuous enjoyment; अयं सोऽर्थोऽनर्थानुबन्धः संवृत्तः (ayaṃ so'rtho'narthānubandhaḥ saṃvṛttaḥ) V.5 giving rise to a chain of evils.

3) Descendants, posterity; सानुबन्धा हता ह्यसि (sānubandhā hatā hyasi) Rām. relation, भूमेः सुतां भूमिभृतोऽनुबन्धात् (bhūmeḥ sutāṃ bhūmibhṛto'nubandhāt) Viś. Guṇā.475.

4) Consequence, result (good or bad); आत्मदोषानुबन्धेन (ātmadoṣānubandhena) K.319 in consequence of; यदग्रे चानुबन्धे च सुखम् (yadagre cānubandhe ca sukham) Bg.18.39,25; अनुबन्धमजानन्तः कर्मणामविचक्षणाः (anubandhamajānantaḥ karmaṇāmavicakṣaṇāḥ) Rām. 3.51.26; नार्थानां प्रकृतिं वेत्सि नानुबन्धमवेक्षसे (nārthānāṃ prakṛtiṃ vetsi nānubandhamavekṣase) Mb.4.49.1.

5) Intention; design, motive, cause; अनुबन्धानपेक्षेत सानु- बन्धेषु कर्मसु (anubandhānapekṣeta sānu- bandheṣu karmasu) Mb.5.34.8. अनुबन्धं परिज्ञाय देशकालौ च तत्त्वतः । सारापराधौ चालोक्य दण्ड दण्डयेषु पातयेत् (anubandhaṃ parijñāya deśakālau ca tattvataḥ | sārāparādhau cālokya daṇḍa daṇḍayeṣu pātayet) Ms.8.126; पाप° (pāpa°) of evil designs.

6) An adjunct of a thing, a secondary member (mukhyānuyāyi, apradhānam); (ulkā) दृश्यते सानुबन्धा च (dṛśyate sānubandhā ca) Rām.5.1.63. a secondary symptom, symptomatic affection, attendant on the principal disease (vātapittādi- doṣāṇāmaprādhānyam); मूर्छानुबन्धा विषमज्वराः (mūrchānubandhā viṣamajvarāḥ) Suśr.

7) Connecting link or adjunct of a subject or topic; theme, matter of discussion; introductory reasons; (viṣayaprayojanādhikāri- saṃbandhaḥ anubandhaḥ) (an indispensable element of the Vedānta).

8) (Gram.) An indicatory syllable or letter intended to denote some peculiarity in the inflection, accent &c. of the word to which it is attached; as the लृ (lṛ) in गम्लृ, ण् (gamlṛ, ṇ) in इण् (iṇ); रिपुराप पराभवाय मध्यं प्रकृति- प्रत्यययोरिवानुबन्धः (ripurāpa parābhavāya madhyaṃ prakṛti- pratyayayorivānubandhaḥ) Ki.13.19.

9) Offence, fault.

1) An obstacle, impediment; also the clog or encumbrance of a family; domestic ties or attachment.

11) A child or pupil who follows the example set by his parent or teacher (mukhyānuyāyī śiśuḥ).

12) Beginning, commencement.

13) Repeated application or devotion (paunaḥpunyena abhiniveśaḥ).

14) Course, pursuit.

15) A small bit or part, a trifle.

16) The junction of a fraction (with an integer), as भागानुबन्धपूर्णाङ्कः (bhāgānubandhapūrṇāṅkaḥ).

17) Base, stem (prakṛti). cf. अनुबन्धः प्रकृत्यादौ दोषोत्पादे विनश्वरे । मुख्यानुयायिनि शिशौ प्रकृतस्यानुवर्तने । अनुबन्धेऽपि हिक्कायां भ्रष्टायामपि कथ्यते (anubandhaḥ prakṛtyādau doṣotpāde vinaśvare | mukhyānuyāyini śiśau prakṛtasyānuvartane | anubandhe'pi hikkāyāṃ bhraṣṭāyāmapi kathyate) | Nm.

-dhī [anubadhyate atiśvāsena vyāpriyate anayā]

1) Thirst.

2) Hickup. अनुबन्धी तु हिक्कायां तृष्णायामपि योषिति (anubandhī tu hikkāyāṃ tṛṣṇāyāmapi yoṣiti)-Medinī.

Derivable forms: anubandhaḥ (अनुबन्धः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anubandha (अनुबन्ध).—m.

(-ndhaḥ) 1. The inseparable adjunct or sign of any thing, the indication of guilt, symtom of disease, &c. 2. An element of language, root, affix, &c. 3. An indicatory letter not sounded or dropped in composition, but marking some peculiarity in inflecting the word to which it is attached; for instance, an indicatory i, denotes that verbs require the insertion of a nasal before their final consonant. 4. A child or pupil, who imitates an example set by the parent or preceptor. 5. A child or infant in general. 6. Commencement, beginning. 7. Binding, confining. 8. Any thing small or little, a part, a small part. 9. The connexion between the agent and the cause or motive. 10. Circumstance, case. 11. The junction of fractions. 12. A secondary or symtomatic affection, one supervening on the principal disease. f. (ndhā) 1. Hickup. 2. Thirst. E. anu after, and bandha to bind or confine, with ghañ affix; and in the fem. ṅīṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anubandha (अनुबन्ध).—[anu-bandh + a], m. 1. Beginning, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 195, 5. 2. A motive, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 126. 3. An indispensable element, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 202, 8. 4. Uninterrupted succession, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 3, 13. 5. Consequence. 6. Posterity, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2. 7, 28.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anubandha (अनुबन्ध).—[masculine] binding, attachment, connexion; (also na [neuter]); continuance, uninterrupted series; consequence, result; cause, motive, intention; appendage, [especially] indicatory letter ([grammar]); indispensable element (ph.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anubandha (अनुबन्ध):—[=anu-bandha] [from anu-bandh] m. binding, connection, attachment

2) [v.s. ...] encumbrance

3) [v.s. ...] clog

4) [v.s. ...] uninterrupted succession

5) [v.s. ...] sequence, consequence, result

6) [v.s. ...] intention, design

7) [v.s. ...] motive, cause

8) [v.s. ...] obstacle

9) [v.s. ...] inseparable adjunct or sign of anything, secondary or symptomatic affection (supervening on the principal disease)

10) [v.s. ...] an indicatory letter or syllable attached to roots, etc. (marking some peculiarity in their inflection; e.g. an i attached to roots, denotes the insertion of a nasal before their final consonant)

11) [v.s. ...] a child or pupil who imitates an example set by a parent or preceptor

12) [v.s. ...] commencement, beginning

13) [v.s. ...] anything small or little, a part, a small part

14) [v.s. ...] (in [arithmetic]) the junction of fractions

15) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) an indispensable element of the Vedānta

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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