Anrita, Anṛta, Ānṛta: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Anrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Anṛta and Ānṛta can be transliterated into English as Anrta or Anrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Anṛta (अनृत).—Son born to Hiṃsā by Adharma. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Anṛta (अनृत) refers to “untruth”, which is considered as having evil influences (vyasana), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.17. Accordingly, “[...] who is he that is not broken up by the evil influences (vyasana) of hunting (mṛgayā), wine (madya), slander (paiśunya), untruth (anṛta), theft (caura), gambling (durodara) and prostitutes (vāradāra)? The wicked fellow (Guṇanidhi) used to lay his hands on whatever he could see in the house, a cloth, a base metal etc. and take it to the gambling den, there to lose the same to his brother gamblers (dyūtakāra)”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Anṛta (अनृत).—(as opposite to satya) when falsehood is tolerated.1 Bali shrinks from it.2 No pātaka on five occasions: Jest or fun, speaking to women, for a marriage, when life is in danger, and when deprived of his wealth.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 19. 38-43.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 20. 2-5.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 31. 16.

1b) Son of Hiṃsā and Adharma; father of Bhaya and Naraka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 63; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 39.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ānṛta (आनृत) refers to “lying”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Those who are born on the lunar day of Mṛgaśirṣa will delight or deal in perfumes, dress, pearls, flowers, fruits, precious stones, wild beasts, birds and deer; will be Somayajis or singers; will be lascivious; will be good writers or painters. Those who are born on the lunar day of Ārdrā will delight in killing, torturing, lying (ānṛta), in adultery, thieving, cheating and tale-bearing; will deal in pod-grains, black magic, sorcery and exorcism. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Anṛta (अनृत) refers to “false” (as opposed to Satya—‘true’), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.84-85, while describing the ritual that protect the king and his kingdom]—“The tradition is secret and confers happiness and the best of all fortune. The pleased and pious adepts strive to obtain the favor of [Mṛtyujit]. They are liberated from all suffering. What I say is true, not false (satyate satyaṃ me na anṛtaṃ vacaḥ)”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anṛta (अनृत).—n (S) Falsehood. 2 Attrib. False.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anṛta (अनृत).—n Falsehood, untruth. a False.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anṛta (अनृत).—a. [na. ta.]

1) Not true, false (words); °तं धनम् (taṃ dhanam) Manusmṛti 4.17 wrongly got; प्रियं च नानृतं ब्रूयात् (priyaṃ ca nānṛtaṃ brūyāt) 4.138.

-tam Falsehood, lying, cheating; deception, fraud; सत्यानृते अवपश्यञ्जनानाम् (satyānṛte avapaśyañjanānām) Ṛgveda 7.49.3; अनृतं जीवितस्यार्थे वदन्न स्पृश्यतेऽनृतैः (anṛtaṃ jīvitasyārthe vadanna spṛśyate'nṛtaiḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.19.47;1.74.15;8.69.65. ऋतानृते (ṛtānṛte) Manusmṛti 1.29; साक्ष्येऽनृतं वदन् (sākṣye'nṛtaṃ vadan) 8.97; oft. in comp.; पशु°, भूमि°, गो°, पुरुष° (paśu°, bhūmi°, go°, puruṣa°) giving false evidence in the matter of &c.; Manusmṛti 9.71.; cf. also : पञ्च कन्यानृते हन्ति दश हन्ति गवानृते । शतमश्वानृते हन्ति सहस्रं पुरुषानृते (pañca kanyānṛte hanti daśa hanti gavānṛte | śatamaśvānṛte hanti sahasraṃ puruṣānṛte) || Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.18. अनृत (anṛta) personified is the son of अधर्म (adharma) and हिंसा (hiṃsā), husband and brother of निकृति (nikṛti), father of भय, नरक, माया (bhaya, naraka, māyā) and वेदना (vedanā). Viṣṇu P.

2) Agriculture, 'सेवाश्ववृत्तिरनृतं कृषिः (sevāśvavṛttiranṛtaṃ kṛṣiḥ)' इति कोशात् (iti kośāt); आमिषं यच्च पूर्वेषां राजसं च मलं भृशम् । अनृतं नाम तद् भूतं क्षिप्तेन पृथिवीतले (āmiṣaṃ yacca pūrveṣāṃ rājasaṃ ca malaṃ bhṛśam | anṛtaṃ nāma tad bhūtaṃ kṣiptena pṛthivītale) || Rām.7.74.16. (opp. satya); Occupation of a Vaiśya (vāṇijya); सत्यानृतं तु वाणिज्यं तेन चैवापि जीव्यते (satyānṛtaṃ tu vāṇijyaṃ tena caivāpi jīvyate) Manusmṛti 4.5.

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Ānṛta (आनृत).—a. (- f.) [अनृतं शीलमस्य अण् (anṛtaṃ śīlamasya aṇ)] Always telling lies, untruthful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anṛta (अनृत).—n.

(-taṃ) 1. Falsehood. 2. Agriculture. E. an neg. ṛta truth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anṛta (अनृत).—I. adj. untrue, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 53, 18; unjust, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 170. Ii. n. 1. untruth, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 53, 16; a lie, Chr. 48, 12. 2. agriculture, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 5. Apānṛta, i. e. apa -an-ṛta, adj. true, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 34, 38. Satya-an, I. adj. true and false at the same time, [Pañcatantra] 98, 17. Ii. n. commerce, traffic.

— Cf. [Latin] ratus, irritus;

Anṛta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms an and ṛta (ऋत).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anṛta (अनृत).—[adjective] untrue, false. [masculine] a liar; [neuter] untruth, falsehood, fraud.

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Anṛta (अनृत).—[adjective] untrue, false. [masculine] a liar; [neuter] untruth, falsehood, fraud.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anṛta (अनृत):—[=an-ṛta] mf(ā)n. not true, false

2) [v.s. ...] n. falsehood, lying, cheating

3) [v.s. ...] agriculture, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Ānṛta (आनृत):—mf(ī)n. ([from] an-ṛta [gana] chattrādi, [Pāṇini 4-4, 62]), untruthful, lying, false.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anṛta (अनृत):—[tatpurusha compound] I. 1. m. f. n.

(-taḥ-tā-tam) Untrue. 2. n.

(-tam) Untruth, falsehood. (In the mythology of the Purāṇas Anṛta is the son of Adharma (vice) and Hiṃsā (violence), and the brother of Nikṛti (immorality); they intermarry and have two sons, Bhaya (fear) and Naraka (hell) and twins to them, two daughters, Māyā (deceit) and Vedanā (torture) who became their wives.—In the Rāmāyaṇa Anṛta is the name of one of the mystical weapons delivered to Rāma by Viśvāmitra.) E. a neg. and ṛta. Ii. n.

(-tam) Agriculture. E. According to the native comm. the etym. would be the same as before; their account for the meaning ‘agriculture’ however is not very plausible, some explain it: ‘because agriculture is like falsehood’ or ‘because agriculture cannot be carried on without falsehood’, another refers ṛta in this sense to the radical ‘to hurt’ and explains it as a [bahuvrihi compound] ‘that from which injury does not arise’. The etym. of this meaning and its probable connection with pramṛta used in the same sense by Manu will be discussed in the Preface.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anṛta (अनृत):—[a-nṛta] (taṃ) 1. n. Falsehood. a. False.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anṛta (अनृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Anṛta (अनृत) [Also spelled anrt]:—(nm) untruth; falsehood, lie.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anṛta (ಅನೃತ):—

1) [noun] that which is not true; a statement, etc. that does not accord with fact or reality; the condition or quality of being false; falsehood.

2) [noun] work of cultivating the soil, producing required crops; agriculture.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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