Anrita, Anṛta, Ānṛta: 10 definitions

Introduction

Anrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Anṛta and Ānṛta can be transliterated into English as Anrta or Anrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Anṛta (अनृत) refers to “untruth”, which is considered as having evil influences (vyasana), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.17. Accordingly, “[...] who is he that is not broken up by the evil influences (vyasana) of hunting (mṛgayā), wine (madya), slander (paiśunya), untruth (anṛta), theft (caura), gambling (durodara) and prostitutes (vāradāra)? The wicked fellow (Guṇanidhi) used to lay his hands on whatever he could see in the house, a cloth, a base metal etc. and take it to the gambling den, there to lose the same to his brother gamblers (dyūtakāra)”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Anṛta (अनृत).—Son born to Hiṃsā by Adharma. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Anṛta (अनृत).—(as opposite to satya) when falsehood is tolerated.1 Bali shrinks from it.2 No pātaka on five occasions: Jest or fun, speaking to women, for a marriage, when life is in danger, and when deprived of his wealth.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 19. 38-43.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 20. 2-5.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 31. 16.

1b) Son of Hiṃsā and Adharma; father of Bhaya and Naraka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 63; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 39.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anṛta (अनृत).—n (S) Falsehood. 2 Attrib. False.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anṛta (अनृत).—n Falsehood, untruth. a False.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anṛta (अनृत).—a. [na. ta.]

1) Not true, false (words); °तं धनम् (taṃ dhanam) Ms.4.17 wrongly got; प्रियं च नानृतं ब्रूयात् (priyaṃ ca nānṛtaṃ brūyāt) 4.138.

-tam Falsehood, lying, cheating; deception, fraud; सत्यानृते अवपश्यञ्जनानाम् (satyānṛte avapaśyañjanānām) Rv.7.49.3; अनृतं जीवितस्यार्थे वदन्न स्पृश्यतेऽनृतैः (anṛtaṃ jīvitasyārthe vadanna spṛśyate'nṛtaiḥ) Mb.7.19.47;1.74.15;8.69.65. ऋतानृते (ṛtānṛte) Ms.1.29; साक्ष्येऽनृतं वदन् (sākṣye'nṛtaṃ vadan) 8.97; oft. in comp.; पशु°, भूमि°, गो°, पुरुष° (paśu°, bhūmi°, go°, puruṣa°) giving false evidence in the matter of &c.; Ms.9.71.; cf. also : पञ्च कन्यानृते हन्ति दश हन्ति गवानृते । शतमश्वानृते हन्ति सहस्रं पुरुषानृते (pañca kanyānṛte hanti daśa hanti gavānṛte | śatamaśvānṛte hanti sahasraṃ puruṣānṛte) || Pt.3.18. अनृत (anṛta) personified is the son of अधर्म (adharma) and हिंसा (hiṃsā), husband and brother of निकृति (nikṛti), father of भय, नरक, माया (bhaya, naraka, māyā) and वेदना (vedanā). Viṣṇu P.

2) Agriculture, 'सेवाश्ववृत्तिरनृतं कृषिः (sevāśvavṛttiranṛtaṃ kṛṣiḥ)' इति कोशात् (iti kośāt); आमिषं यच्च पूर्वेषां राजसं च मलं भृशम् । अनृतं नाम तद् भूतं क्षिप्तेन पृथिवीतले (āmiṣaṃ yacca pūrveṣāṃ rājasaṃ ca malaṃ bhṛśam | anṛtaṃ nāma tad bhūtaṃ kṣiptena pṛthivītale) || Rām.7.74.16. (opp. satya); Occupation of a Vaiśya (vāṇijya); सत्यानृतं तु वाणिज्यं तेन चैवापि जीव्यते (satyānṛtaṃ tu vāṇijyaṃ tena caivāpi jīvyate) Ms.4.5.

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Ānṛta (आनृत).—a. (- f.) [अनृतं शीलमस्य अण् (anṛtaṃ śīlamasya aṇ)] Always telling lies, untruthful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anṛta (अनृत).—n.

(-taṃ) 1. Falsehood. 2. Agriculture. E. an neg. ṛta truth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anṛta (अनृत).—I. adj. untrue, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 53, 18; unjust, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 170. Ii. n. 1. untruth, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 53, 16; a lie, Chr. 48, 12. 2. agriculture, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 5. Apānṛta, i. e. apa -an-ṛta, adj. true, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 34, 38. Satya-an, I. adj. true and false at the same time, [Pañcatantra] 98, 17. Ii. n. commerce, traffic.

— Cf. [Latin] ratus, irritus;

Anṛta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms an and ṛta (ऋत).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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