Annata Kondanna, Anna Kondanna, Aññāta-koṇḍañña: 1 definition


Annata Kondanna means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Annata Kondanna in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

He was the son of a very wealthy brahmin family of Donavatthu near Kapilavatthu and was born before the Buddha. He came to be called by his family name Kondanna. He was learned in the three Vedas, excelling in the science of physiognomy.

When the Buddha was born he was among the eight brahmins (the others being Rama, Dhaja, Lakkhana, Manti, Bhoja, Suyama and Sudatta. In the Milinda (236), where the eight names are given, Kondanna appears as Yanna) sent for to prognosticate, and though he was yet quite a novice he declared definitely that the babe would be a Buddha. Thereafter he lived awaiting the Bodhisattas renunciation. After this happened he left the world with four others, and the five later became known as the Pancavaggiya (J.i.65f.; AA.i.78-84; ThagA.ii.1ff). When, after the Enlightenment, the Buddha visited them at Isipatana and preached the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, Kondanna and eighteen crores of brahmas won the Fruit of the First Path. As he was the first among humans to realise the Dhamma the Buddha praised him saying annasi vata bho Kondanno twice; hence he came to be known as Annata Kondanna. (Vin.i.12; UdA.324, 371; Mtu.iii.333).

It is interesting to note that in the Burmese MSS. the name appears as Annasi Kondanna. The Cy. explains Annata Kondanna by pativedha Kondanna. In the ThagA. he is called Anna Kondanna. Mrs. Rhys Davids suggests that Anna was his personal name (Gotama the Man, p.102).

Five days later when the Anattalakhana Sutta was preached he became arahant (Vin.i.13-14). He was the first to be ordained with the formula ehi, bhikkhu and the first to receive higher ordination. Later, at Jetavana, amidst a large concourse of monks, the Buddha declared him to be the best of those who first comprehended the Dhamma (AA.i.84). He was also declared to be pre eminent among disciples of long standing (rattannunam) (A.i.23).

In the assembly of monks he sat behind the two chief disciples. Finding that his presence near the Buddha was becoming inconvenient to himself and others (For his reasons see AA.i.84; SA.i.216), he obtained the Buddhas permission to go and live on the banks of the Mandakini in the Chaddanta vana, where he stayed for twelve years, only returning at the end of that period to obtain the Buddhas leave for his parinibbana. The elephants in the forest took it in turns to bring him his food and to look after him. Having bidden farewell to the Buddha, he returned to Chaddanta vana, where he passed away (SA.i.218; AA.i.84). We are told (SA.i.219) that all Himava wept at his death. The obsequies were elaborately performed by eight thousand elephants with the deva Nagadatta at their head. All the devas from the lowest to the highest brahma world took part in the ceremony, each deva contributing a piece of sandalwood. Five hundred monks,

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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