Annapana, Annapāna, Anna-pana: 5 definitions


Annapana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Annapāna (अन्नपान) or Annapānacatuṣka refers to one of the seven subsections of the Sūtrasthāna of the Carakasaṃhitā which enjoys a prime position among Ayurvedic treatises and is written in the form of advices of the sage Ātreya to the sage Agniveśa. The Carakasaṃhitā contains eight sections [viz., sūtrasthāna]. Sūtrasthāna contains 30 chapters. Of them the first 28 chapters are divided into seven subsections namely catuṣakas [viz., annapāna-catuṣka].

Annapāna also refers to the Annapānavidhi, one of the chapters of the Annapāna-catuṣka.—In the last sub section annapāna-catuṣka, the chapters like annapānavidhi and vividhāśitapītīya deal with food-science. The chapter annapānavidhi explains the rules of in taking of food and drinks. This chapter includes the properties of different types of grains, meats, vegetables, fruits, beverages, water, sugarcane and food stuffs.

2) Annapāna (अन्नपान) or Annapānavidhi refers to one of the chapters of the Sūtrasthāna of the Suśrutasaṃhitā, an important Ayurvedic treatise. The discourses of the teacher Divodasa are believed to be summarised by his disciple Suśruta, who wrote the work Suśrutasaṃhitā in 4th century CE. Suśrutasaṃhitā contains six sections [viz., sūtrasthāna]. Sūtrasthāna contains 46 chapters. Here the food and drinks are described on the basis of liquid and solid items. The chapters namely Dravadravya-vidhi and Annapāna-vidhi explain food and drinks. [...] Annapāna-vidhi explains the types and the properties of grains, meat, fruit, vegetables, flowers and salts.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Annapāna (अन्नपान) refers to “food and drink” and is mentioned among the “material benefits” granted by the Bodhisattva, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “by food and drink (annapāna) we understand briefly ‘mouthfuls of food which is twofold, coarse or subtle’: on the one hand, cakes (maṇḍa), cooked rice (odana), etc.; on the other hand, the food of a hundred flavors (śatarasāhāra)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Annapana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

annapāna : (nt.) food and drink.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Annapāna refers to: food & water, eating & drinking, to eat & to drink Sn.485, 487; Pv.I, 52, 82; KhA 207, 209; PvA.7, 8, 30, 31, 43. (Page 49)

Note: annapāna is a Pali compound consisting of the words anna and pāna.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

annapāna (अन्नपान).—n (S) Usually annaprāśana.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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