Angavidya, Anga-vidya, Aṅgavidyā, Āṅgavidya: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Angavidya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Angavidya in Shaktism glossary
Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia (shaktism)

Aṅgavidyā (अङ्गविद्या).—The several subsidiary vidyās of Śrīvidyā are arranged into six amnayās. Amnayā means Veda/Agama, and in Śaiva there are five amnayās. They are represented by the five faces of Śiva facing Purva (eastwards), Dakṣiṇa (southwards), Pascima (westwards), Uttara (northwards) and Urdhva (upwards). In Śrī-vidyā there is a sixth amnaya called Anuttara. Each amnaya is associated with a guru-mandala and several Vidyās, astra-kamya and parā.

Besides, all the Vidyās are grouped at different levels.

  • Purvamnaya,
  • Dakṣiṇamnaya,
  • Pascimamnaya,
  • Uttaramnaya,
  • Urdhvamnaya,
  • Anuttaramnaya,
  • Nityadevatā.
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Angavidya in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Aṅgavidyā (अङ्गविद्या) refers to the “knowledge of limbs” and is the name of the eighteenth chapter of the Gārgīyajyotiṣa. It is similar to the 51st chapter of Vārahamihira’s work known as the Bṛhatsaṃhitā. The Gārgīyajyotiṣa is one of the most comprehensive of Garga’s texts and written in the form of a dialogue between Krauṣṭuki (Ṛṣiputra) and Garga discussing astral and other omens, comprising a total of sixty-two chapters (viz., aṅga-vidyā), known as aṅgas and summarized in the Aṅgasamuddiśa (“enumeration of the divisions”, introductory portion).

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Aṅgavidyā (अङ्गविद्या) refers to the “prediction of events (from casual words and gestures)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. [...] It treats of indradhvaja, of the rainbow and of architecture; of the prediction of events from casual words and gestures [i.e., aṅgavidyā] and from the cawing of crows; of the formation of zodiacal circles for purposes of horary astrology. It treats of the prediction of future events from phenomena connected with the deer, the dog and the motions of the wind; of the construction of temples, towers and palaces; of the casting of images and of founding the same; of the growth of plants and trees; of under currents; of certain annual ceremonies to be performed by princes for success in war. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Angavidya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āṅgavidya (आङ्गविद्य).—a. [aṅgavidyāṃ veda aṇ] Occurring in, or being familiar with, अङ्गविद्या (aṅgavidyā) (chiromancy or the knowledge of lucky and unlucky marks on the body).

-dyā A work on अङ्गविद्या (aṅgavidyā).

--- OR ---

Aṅgavidyā (अङ्गविद्या).—[aṅgarūpā vyākaraṇādiśāstrarūpā vidyā jñānasādhanam]

1) the science of grammar &c. contributing to knowledge.

2) the science of foretelling good or evil by the movements of limbs. Kau. A.1.12; Name of chapter 51 of Bṛhat Saṃhitā which gives full details of this science; न नक्षत्राङ्गविद्यया (na nakṣatrāṅgavidyayā)...भिक्षां लिप्सेत कर्हिचित् (bhikṣāṃ lipseta karhicit) Manusmṛti 6.5.

Aṅgavidyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aṅga and vidyā (विद्या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgavidyā (अङ्गविद्या).—[aṅga-vidyā], f. 1. Such learning as is comprehended under the title aṅga, viz. pronunciation, grammar, prosody, explanation of obscure terms, description of religious rites, and astronomy, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 6. 2. Palmistry, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 40.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgavidyā (अङ्गविद्या).—[feminine] knowledge of the (lucky and unlucky marks of the) body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgavidyā (अङ्गविद्या):—[=aṅga-vidyā] [from aṅga] f. knowledge of lucky or unlucky marks on the body, Chiromantia, [Manu-smṛti vi, 50, etc.]

2) Āṅgavidya (आङ्गविद्य):—[from āṅga] mfn. familiar with chiromancy (aṅga-vidyā, q.v.), ([gana] ṛgayanādi q.v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgavidyā (अङ्गविद्या):—[tatpurusha compound] f.

(-dyā) Knowledge of lucky and unlucky marks on the body. E. aṅga and vidyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Angavidya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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