Angara, Aṅgāra, Āṅgāra, Amgara: 26 definitions


Angara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार) refers to “extinguished cinders”, known as kokila (‘coal’). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.250)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—A king of ancient India. He was defeated by Māndhātā in a battle. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 29, Stanza 88).

2) Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—A countryside in ancient India. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 60).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—(c) a southern country.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 59.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार) is a variant spelling for Iṅgāla, which refers to “charcoal”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 1.9. The reading iṅgāla is found in Nārāyaṇa and Malli. Cāṇḍūpaṇḍita (Ms. A) reads aṅgāla, but Ms. C reads iṅgāla. Vidyādhara reads aṅgara, but the accompanying Text has aṅgāla. īśānadeva reads aṅgāla and mentions aṅgāra as a variant. Narahari reads aṅgāra and mentions iṅgāla as a variant. Both Malli and Nārāyaṇa remark that iṅgāla is a vernacular word (bhāṣāśabda or deśyaśabda). The word is, however, included in the Vaijayantī lexicon (aṅgāro'strī praśāntārciriṅgālaḥ kārikāgniviṭ), but it is extremely rare in Sanskrit literature. It is found in Appayadīkṣita’s Siddhāntaleśasaṃgraha (chapter 1). The expression iṅgālakamma is found in Ardhamāgadhī (Uvāsagadasāo, chapter 1).

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार) refers to “charcoal”, which is mentioned in verse 3.16 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] In (a man) living in an inside or basement room heated by charcoal heat [viz., aṅgāra] there never arises a disease caused by cold and roughness (of wind). [...]”.

Note: Aṅgāra (“charcoal”) has been rendered somewhat loosely by mdag-ma (“live coal”), also occurring as me-mdag, for which CD read mdag-me (“live-coal fire”). The proper equivalent would be sol-ba or the like; cf. Bodh. X 8.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार) refers to “charcoal” and is associated with Agni (Vahni), whose iconography is described in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In the agnisūkta of Ṛgveda, Agni is called as Aṅgiras. Explaining the aṅgiras term Aitareyabrāhmaṇa says that aṅgiras is that which possesses aṅgāra i.e., charcoal. Charcoal in heated form is red in colour. So it can be assumed that following this concept of the Ṛgveda, the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa suggests red colour as the body complexion of the image of Agni Thus it is clear that the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa offers a great field of knowledge regarding the nuances of Indian art of Image making [e.g., aṅgāra—charcoal] during 10th–11th century A.D.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार) refers to “charcoal”, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 278, l. 8]—‘Aṅgāra’ (Gujarati Aṅgāro) means a charcoal, ‘Murmura’ chaff-fire, and ‘Jvālā’ (Gujarati ‘Jhāḻa’) flame. ‘Murmura’ occurs m Vol. II, p. 185, l. 28 and ‘Mummura’ its Pāiya (Prakrit) equivalent in Sūyagaḍa (V, i, 10).

context information


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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Aṅgāra.—cf. a-carm-āṅgāraka (IE 8-5; EI 15); charcoal for cooking, which the villagers were obliged to supply to the king or landlord on occasions or to the touring officers. Note: aṅgāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Aṅgāraka.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Angara in India is the name of a plant defined with Withania somnifera in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Withania microphysalis Suess. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1994)
· Methodus (Moench) (1794)
· Kew Bulletin (1937)
· Pakistan Journal of Botany (1982)
· Taxon (1980)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1993)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Angara, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

aṅgāra : (m.; nt.) charcoal; embers.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Aṅgāra, (m. nt.) (Vedic aṅgāra) charcoal, burning coal, embers A.III, 97, 380, 407; J.I, 73; III, 54, 55; V, 488; Sn.668; Sdhp.32. kul° the charcoal of the family, a squanderer S.IV, 324 (see under kula).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṅgāra (अंगार).—m (S) A live-coal: also a firebrand.

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aṅgārā (अंगारा).—m (aṅgāra S) Charred or calcined wood &c. obtained by burning before an idol:--rubbed by its worshipers on their foreheads. Ex. tujhā dāsa śēṣaśāyī || mhaṇuni lāvī aṃ0 || 2 The sectarial or ornamental mark so made. 3 Ashes bestowed by a saint or gifted personage, conferring some superhuman power or competency to cast out demons. 4 Blight;--as attacking the grain jōndhaḷā, smut. 5 A live coal or firebrand. Pr. aṅgāṛyālā gēlā pāṅgārā ghēūna ālā. Said of one who goes to perform a feat, and does some petty or ordinary matter. aṃ0 karaṇēṃ To rub aṃ0 (Sig. I.) upon the body or forehead of, in order to counterwork some demoniac visitation or poison-malady, or to confer some preternatural gift. 2 fig. To reduce under one's own rule or command. ḍāvyā pāyācā aṃ0 A mark made on the forehead of a child by its mother, with dirt from the sole of the left foot; in order to avert the influence of an evil eye.

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āṅgara (आंगर).—n C A bifurcated stick set in an opening to exclude cattle: also a broken off branch or crooked stake as planted along in formation of a fence.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṅgāra (अंगार) [-rā, -रा].—m A live coal; a firebrand.

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aṅgārā (अंगारा).—m Ashes bestowed by a saint or gifted personage.

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āṅgārā (आंगारा).—See under अ.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—[aṅg-āran Uṇādi-sūtra 3.134.]

1) Charcoal (whether heated or not); घृतकुम्भसमा नारी तप्ताङ्गारसमः पुमान् (ghṛtakumbhasamā nārī taptāṅgārasamaḥ pumān); उष्णो दहति चाङ्गारः शीतः कृष्णायते करम् (uṣṇo dahati cāṅgāraḥ śītaḥ kṛṣṇāyate karam) H.1.8; नालास्त्रार्थाग्निचूर्णे तु गन्धाङ्गारौ तु पूर्ववत् (nālāstrārthāgnicūrṇe tu gandhāṅgārau tu pūrvavat) Śukra.4.135. त्वया स्वहस्तेनाङ्गाराः कर्षिताः (tvayā svahastenāṅgārāḥ karṣitāḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1 you have ruined yourself with your own hands; cf. "to dig a mine under one's feet." कुरुकुलाङ्गार (kurukulāṅgāra) Ve.6 destroyer or pest of the Kuru family.

2) The planet Mars.

3) A plant हितावली, °कुष्टकः- हितावली (hitāvalī, °kuṣṭakaḥ- hitāvalī).

4) Name of a prince who fought with king Māndhātr.

-ra a. Red, of a red colour.

-ram Red colour.

Derivable forms: aṅgāraḥ (अङ्गारः), aṅgāram (अङ्गारम्).

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Āṅgāra (आङ्गार).—[aṅgārāṇāṃ samūhaḥ aṇ] A multitude of firebrands, charcoal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) Charcoal, whether burning or not, but more usually the latter. m.

(-raḥ) A name of the planet Mars; from his fiery colour. E. agi to go, and āran aff.

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Āṅgāra (आङ्गार).—n.

(-raṃ) A multitude of firebrands. E. āṅgāra a torch, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).— (vb. aṅj, cf. agni), m. and n. Charcoal, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 250.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—[masculine] [neuter] coal; aṅgārakā [masculine] the same; the planet Mars.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgāra (अङ्गार):—m. (rarely) n. (√ag or aṅg, [Uṇādi-sūtra] cf. agni), charcoal, either heated or not heated

2) m. the planet Mars

3) Name of a prince of the Maruts, [Harivaṃśa]

4) the plant Hitāvalī

5) m. [plural] Name of a people and country, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) cf. [Lithuanian] angli-s; [Russian] ūgolj; also [German] Kohle; Old [German] col and colo; [English] coal.

7) Āṅgāra (आङ्गार):—n. ([from] aṅgāra), a heap of charcoal, ([gana] bhikṣādi q.v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार):—I. m. n.

(-raḥ-ram) Charcoal, whether burning or not, but more usually the latter. Ii. m.

(-raḥ) 1) A name of the planet Mars; from his fiery colour.

2) The name of a plant, see hitāvalī.

3) pl.

(-rāḥ) The name of a people and a country. E. aṅg, uṇ. aff. āran.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgāra (अङ्गार):—[(raḥ-raṃ)] 1. m. n. Charcoal; m. Kārtik or Mars.

2) Āṅgāra (आङ्गार):—(raṃ) 1. n. Multitude of fire brands or torches.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṃgāra, Iṃgāla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Angara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Aṃgāra (अंगार) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Aṅgāra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃgara (ಅಂಗರ):—

1) [noun] = ಅಂಗರಗಡ್ಡೆ [amgaragadde];2) [noun] burning coal.

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Aṃgāra (ಅಂಗಾರ):—

1) [noun] burning charcoal.

2) [noun] smouldering remains of incense burned before a deity.

3) [noun] coal formed by charred wood; charcoal.

4) [noun] a black sectarian mark on the forehead, made from the coal or soot.

5) [noun] a non-metallic element (atomic no. 6) widely diffused, occurring uncombined as diamond and graphite; carbon.

6) [noun] the medicinal plant, Withonia somnifera, of Solanaceae family.

7) [noun] the planet Mars.

8) [noun] (myth.) the deity presiding over the planet Mars, one of such nine deities supposed to be influencing the human and terrestrial affairs;9) [noun] ಆರಿ ಅಂಗಾರವಾಗು [ari amgaravagu] āri aŋgāravāgu (fig.) (usu. food or hot beverages) to become very cold.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार):—n. → अँगार [aṃgāra]

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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