Angara, Aṅgāra, Āṅgāra: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Angara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार) refers to “extinguished cinders”, known as kokila (‘coal’). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.250)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—A king of ancient India. He was defeated by Māndhātā in a battle. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 29, Stanza 88).

2) Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—A countryside in ancient India. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 60).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—(c) a southern country.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 59.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार) is a variant spelling for Iṅgāla, which refers to “charcoal”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 1.9. The reading iṅgāla is found in Nārāyaṇa and Malli. Cāṇḍūpaṇḍita (Ms. A) reads aṅgāla, but Ms. C reads iṅgāla. Vidyādhara reads aṅgara, but the accompanying Text has aṅgāla. īśānadeva reads aṅgāla and mentions aṅgāra as a variant. Narahari reads aṅgāra and mentions iṅgāla as a variant. Both Malli and Nārāyaṇa remark that iṅgāla is a vernacular word (bhāṣāśabda or deśyaśabda). The word is, however, included in the Vaijayantī lexicon (aṅgāro'strī praśāntārciriṅgālaḥ kārikāgniviṭ), but it is extremely rare in Sanskrit literature. It is found in Appayadīkṣita’s Siddhāntaleśasaṃgraha (chapter 1). The expression iṅgālakamma is found in Ardhamāgadhī (Uvāsagadasāo, chapter 1).

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार) refers to “charcoal”, which is mentioned in verse 3.16 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] In (a man) living in an inside or basement room heated by charcoal heat [viz., aṅgāra] there never arises a disease caused by cold and roughness (of wind). [...]”.

Note: Aṅgāra (“charcoal”) has been rendered somewhat loosely by mdag-ma (“live coal”), also occurring as me-mdag, for which CD read mdag-me (“live-coal fire”). The proper equivalent would be sol-ba or the like; cf. Bodh. X 8.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Aṅgāra.—cf. a-carm-āṅgāraka (IE 8-5; EI 15); charcoal for cooking, which the villagers were obliged to supply to the king or landlord on occasions or to the touring officers. Note: aṅgāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Aṅgāraka.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

aṅgāra : (m.; nt.) charcoal; embers.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Aṅgāra, (m. nt.) (Vedic aṅgāra) charcoal, burning coal, embers A.III, 97, 380, 407; J.I, 73; III, 54, 55; V, 488; Sn.668; Sdhp.32. kul° the charcoal of the family, a squanderer S.IV, 324 (see under kula).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṅgāra (अंगार).—m (S) A live-coal: also a firebrand.

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aṅgārā (अंगारा).—m (aṅgāra S) Charred or calcined wood &c. obtained by burning before an idol:--rubbed by its worshipers on their foreheads. Ex. tujhā dāsa śēṣaśāyī || mhaṇuni lāvī aṃ0 || 2 The sectarial or ornamental mark so made. 3 Ashes bestowed by a saint or gifted personage, conferring some superhuman power or competency to cast out demons. 4 Blight;--as attacking the grain jōndhaḷā, smut. 5 A live coal or firebrand. Pr. aṅgāṛyālā gēlā pāṅgārā ghēūna ālā. Said of one who goes to perform a feat, and does some petty or ordinary matter. aṃ0 karaṇēṃ To rub aṃ0 (Sig. I.) upon the body or forehead of, in order to counterwork some demoniac visitation or poison-malady, or to confer some preternatural gift. 2 fig. To reduce under one's own rule or command. ḍāvyā pāyācā aṃ0 A mark made on the forehead of a child by its mother, with dirt from the sole of the left foot; in order to avert the influence of an evil eye.

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āṅgara (आंगर).—n C A bifurcated stick set in an opening to exclude cattle: also a broken off branch or crooked stake as planted along in formation of a fence.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṅgāra (अंगार) [-rā, -रा].—m A live coal; a firebrand.

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aṅgārā (अंगारा).—m Ashes bestowed by a saint or gifted personage.

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āṅgārā (आंगारा).—See under अ.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—[aṅg-āran Uṇ.3.134.]

1) Charcoal (whether heated or not); घृतकुम्भसमा नारी तप्ताङ्गारसमः पुमान् (ghṛtakumbhasamā nārī taptāṅgārasamaḥ pumān); उष्णो दहति चाङ्गारः शीतः कृष्णायते करम् (uṣṇo dahati cāṅgāraḥ śītaḥ kṛṣṇāyate karam) H.1.8; नालास्त्रार्थाग्निचूर्णे तु गन्धाङ्गारौ तु पूर्ववत् (nālāstrārthāgnicūrṇe tu gandhāṅgārau tu pūrvavat) Śukra.4.135. त्वया स्वहस्तेनाङ्गाराः कर्षिताः (tvayā svahastenāṅgārāḥ karṣitāḥ) Pt.1 you have ruined yourself with your own hands; cf. "to dig a mine under one's feet." कुरुकुलाङ्गार (kurukulāṅgāra) Ve.6 destroyer or pest of the Kuru family.

2) The planet Mars.

3) A plant हितावली, °कुष्टकः- हितावली (hitāvalī, °kuṣṭakaḥ- hitāvalī).

4) Name of a prince who fought with king Māndhātr.

-ra a. Red, of a red colour.

-ram Red colour.

Derivable forms: aṅgāraḥ (अङ्गारः), aṅgāram (अङ्गारम्).

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Āṅgāra (आङ्गार).—[aṅgārāṇāṃ samūhaḥ aṇ] A multitude of firebrands, charcoal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) Charcoal, whether burning or not, but more usually the latter. m.

(-raḥ) A name of the planet Mars; from his fiery colour. E. agi to go, and āran aff.

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Āṅgāra (आङ्गार).—n.

(-raṃ) A multitude of firebrands. E. āṅgāra a torch, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).— (vb. aṅj, cf. agni), m. and n. Charcoal, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 250.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgāra (अङ्गार).—[masculine] [neuter] coal; aṅgārakā [masculine] the same; the planet Mars.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgāra (अङ्गार):—m. (rarely) n. (√ag or aṅg, [Uṇādi-sūtra] cf. agni), charcoal, either heated or not heated

2) m. the planet Mars

3) Name of a prince of the Maruts, [Harivaṃśa]

4) the plant Hitāvalī

5) m. [plural] Name of a people and country, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) cf. [Lithuanian] angli-s; [Russian] ūgolj; also [German] Kohle; Old [German] col and colo; [English] coal.

7) Āṅgāra (आङ्गार):—n. ([from] aṅgāra), a heap of charcoal, ([gana] bhikṣādi q.v.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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