Angamarda, Aṅgamarda, Anga-marda: 4 definitions



Angamarda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (A) next»] — Angamarda in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Aṅgamarda (अङ्गमर्द) refers to “rheumatism ”, mentioned in verse 4.13-14 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] (From the restraint) of sleep (result) stupor, heaviness of head and eyes, indolence, yawning, and rheumatism [viz., aṅgamarda]. In this case sleep and massages (are) desirable”.

Note: A problem is posed by aṅgamarda, which syntactically still belongs to the preceding list of diseases and hence cannot be taken in its literal sense of “body massage”. While the other commentators are silent on the point, Candranandana paraphrases:—“aṅgāni mṛdyanta iva”—“the limbs are, as it were, crushed”. This harmonizes on the whole with the Tibetan rendering lus źig sñam sems—“the body is, as it were, ruined”, the first component of which has previously (v. 12) been used for translating aṅgabhanga—“racking in the limbs”. The term aṅgamarda should therefore be understood in a similar way; Böhtlingk (pw II p. 286, with reference to Car. II 6.8) suggests “Gliederreissen”.—On the meaning of sñam sems (lit. “one thinks in one’s mind”) see I.11.20, where, the clause meḍhraṃ dhūmāyatīva—“the penis, as it were, smokes” has been turned pho-mthsan thsig-pa sñam-du, sems.

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context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Angamarda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅgamarda (अङ्गमर्द).—[aṅga mardayati; mṛd-ṇic]

1) one who shampoos his master's body.

2) [bhāve ghañ] act of shampooing; so °मर्दका (mardakā) or °मर्दिन्, मृद्- णिच् ण्वुल् (mardin, mṛd- ṇic ṇvul) or णिनि (ṇini)) one who shampoos.

Derivable forms: aṅgamardaḥ (अङ्गमर्दः).

Aṅgamarda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aṅga and marda (मर्द).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgamarda (अङ्गमर्द):—[=aṅga-marda] [from aṅga] m. a servant who shampoos his master’s body

2) [v.s. ...] also rheumatism, [Caraka]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgamarda (अङ्गमर्द):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-rdaḥ) A servant, whose business it is to rub and knead the body. E. aṅga and marda. Also aṅgamardaka and aṅgamardin.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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