Anayatana, Anāyatana: 5 definitions

Introduction

Anayatana means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Anayatana in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Anāyatana (अनायतन, “non-abode”).—The aticāras and doṣas are not the only blemishes of samyaktva. The six anāyatanas or non-abodes (sc. of right belief) appear to be a purely Digambara category:

  1. false divinities (ku-deva);
  2. false ascetics (ku-liṅgin);
  3. false scriptures (ku-śāstras);
  4. worship of false divinities (ku-deva-sevā);
  5. worship of false ascetics (ku-liṅgi-sevā);
  6. worship of false scriptures (ku-śāstra-sevā).

Together these anāyatanas amount to mithyātva—the directopposite of samyaktva—which is defined by Hemacandra, in his 12th century Yogaśāstra verse 2.17 as belief in false divinities, false gurus, and false scriptures.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Anayatana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

anāyatana : (nt.) improper place.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Anāyatana, (nt.) (an + āyatana) nonexertion, not exerting oneself, sluggishness, indolence J v.121 (°sīla = dussīla C.). (Page 32)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Anayatana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Anāyatana (अनायतन).—(an-āyatana) (nt.; neg. of āyatana (3) q.v., in sense of Sanskrit pātra; = Pali id.), an unworthy object: mā tvam anāyatane (sc. heretics) prasādam utpādaya, api tu buddhadharmasaṃghe…Divyāvadāna 419.22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anāyatana (अनायतन):—[=an-āyatana] n. or an-āyatana that which is not really a resting-place or an altar, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] groundless, [Divyāvadāna]

3) [v.s. ...] mfn. (an-āyatana) having no resting-place or altar, [Atharva-veda]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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