Anata, Ānata: 15 definitions


Anata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Anata (अनत).—Uncerebralized; not changed into a cerebral (मूर्धन्य (mūrdhanya)) दन्त्यस्य मूर्धन्यापात्तिर्नतिः (dantyasya mūrdhanyāpāttirnatiḥ) Uvaṭa on R. Pr. IV.34.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ānata (आनत) refers to “kneeling” (in respect), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.6 (“The miraculous feat of Kārttikeya”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin named Nārada said to Kumāra (Kārttikeya): “[...] You are always subservient to great and pious love. You have six faces. You love the saintly persons who kneel (ānatapriya) to you [priyasādhurānatapriyaḥ]. You are the lord of all people and their benefactor. You destroy those, who harass the good. You are the preceptor of even Śiva. You are the lord of the entire universe. Your feet are served by all the gods. O lover of service, save me. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Ānata (आनत) refers to “bowing (the head)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Drinking the only essence, the liquor of union, purifies the mind, By going to the power places, and so on, the body is purified, In the middle of the holy seat, the highest mandala, Cakra Nātha, With the head bowed (śiras-ānata), in praise of the eternally highest Guru”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Ānata (आनत) refers to one of the sixteen heavens (kalpa) hosting the sixteen classes of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the number of layers in Ānata and Prāṇata heaven pairs? There are three layers there. Which thought-colourations are there in Ānata-Prāṇata and Āraṇa-Acyuta gods? They have white thought colouration. What is the maximum lifespan of deities in Ānata-Prāṇata kalpas? It is slightly more then twenty ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) for both.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ānata (आनत).—p. p.

1) Respectfully saluted or bowed to.

2) (Actively used) Bent down, bending, stooping, inclined; कुसुमानताः (kusumānatāḥ) (taravaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 5.25; Rs.6.3 (v. l.); पादानतः (pādānataḥ) Kumārasambhava 3.8; so प्रश्रय°, फलभार° (praśraya°, phalabhāra°).

3) Making a low bow, saluting respectfully; (pratijagrāha) आदेशं देशकालज्ञः शिष्यः शासितुरानतः (ādeśaṃ deśakālajñaḥ śiṣyaḥ śāsiturānataḥ) R.1.92,4.69.

4) Humble, obedient, submissive, pacified, conciliated.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anata (अनत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Erect, not bowed down. 2. Proud, haughty. E. a neg. nata bowed.

--- OR ---

Ānata (आनत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Bending, stooping, bowed. 2. Pacified, conciliated. 3. Humbled. 4. Submissive, obedient. E. āṅ before nam to bow or bend, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānata (आनत).—[adjective] bowed, bent (of a bow); bent inwards, hollowed, flat, level; bowing, stooping.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anata (अनत):—[=a-nata] mfn. not bent, not bowed down

2) [v.s. ...] not changed into a lingual consonant, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

3) [v.s. ...] erect

4) [v.s. ...] stiff

5) [v.s. ...] haughty.

6) Anāṭa (अनाट):—[from anājñayā] m. (said to be [from] √an, but [probably] for an-āṭa, ‘not walking’) a child or any young woman (= śiśu), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Ānata (आनत):—[=ā-nata] a etc. See under ā-√nam next page.

8) [=ā-nata] [from ā-nam] b mfn. bending, stooping, bowed, [Raghuvaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

9) [v.s. ...] humbled, submissive, obedient, [Mahābhārata] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] bent or curved inwards (as a bow), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] flat, sunk (not elevated), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] pacified, conciliated

13) [v.s. ...] saluted reverently.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anata (अनत):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-taḥ-tā-tam) 1) Erect, not bowed down, stiff.

2) Proud, haughty. E. a neg. and nata.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anata (अनत):—[a-nata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Erect, proud.

2) Ānata (आनत):—[ā-nata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Bent, bowed; humbled; pacified; submiss.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ānata (आनत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āṇaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ānata (आनत) [Also spelled anat]:—(a) bent; biassed.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anata (ಅನತ):—

1) [adjective] not bent; straight.

2) [adjective] not prostrating; not humble; full of unwarranted pride.

--- OR ---

Ānata (ಆನತ):—

1) [adjective] bent; bent downwards; stooped.

2) [adjective] prostrated; bent in reverence; humble.

--- OR ---

Ānata (ಆನತ):—

1) [noun] one who is bowed, bent in reverence or surrendered; he who is yielded.

2) [noun] (Jain.) thirteenth of the sixteen heavens.

3) [noun] a particular kind of erotic lock in copulation, the man copulating with the woman from behind when she bends her body on her knees.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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