Amlika, aka: Amlikā, Āmlikā, Amlīkā, Āmlīkā; 5 Definition(s)


Amlika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Amlikā (अम्लिका):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Amlikā (अम्लिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to Tamarindus indica (tamarind), a plant species in the Fabaceae family. Certain plant parts of Amlikā are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 12.162-164), the same Tamarindus indica is identified with Ciñcā, and the name Amlikā is listed as a synonym.

Properties according to Caraka-saṃhitā: The tuber of amlikā is beneficial in grahāṇī (roga) and piles, is laghu, not very hot, alleviates vāta-pitta, is constipating and useful in alcoholism.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Āmlikā (आम्लिका) in Sanskrit or Ambiliyā in Prakrit refers to tamarind (Tamarindus indica Linn.), the immature state of which is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to both Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246) and Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.44-46). Those plants which are classifiedas ananta-kāyas (eg., āmlikā) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

Source: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Amlikā (अम्लिका) or Amlīkā (अम्लीका).—

1) Sour taste in the mouth, sour eructation.

2) The tamarind tree.

3) Wood-sorrel; also पलाशीलता, श्वेताम्लिका (palāśīlatā, śvetāmlikā), and क्षुद्राम्लिका (kṣudrāmlikā).

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Āmlikā (आम्लिका) or Āmlīkā (आम्लीका).—

1) The tamarind tree.

2) Acidity of stomach.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Amlikā (अम्लिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. The tamarined tree. 2. Wood sorrel, (Oxalis corniculata.) 3. A sour taste in the mouth, acidity of stomach. E. amla sour, kan and ṭāp affixes; i being substituted for a; also amlīkā and āmlakā.

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Amlīkā (अम्लीका).—f.

(-kā) See the preceding.

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Āmlikā (आम्लिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. The tamarind tree. 2. Sourness in the mouth, acidity of the stomach: see amlikā. E. āmla sour, and kan aff.

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Āmlīkā (आम्लीका).—f.

(-kā) The tamarind tree. E. amla and ṭhak affix, the pen made long: otherwise amlikā as before.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 7 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Amlikāvaṭaka (अम्लिकावटक) or Amlīkāvaṭaka (अम्लीकावटक).—a sort of cake.Derivable forms: amlikāv...
Ciñcā (चिञ्चा).—f. (-ñcā) 1. The tamarind tree or its fruit. 2. The gunja plant. E. cam to eat,...
Mahauṣadhī (महौषधी) is another name for Śvetakaṇṭakārī, a medicinal plant related to Kaṇṭakārī,...
amlī (अम्ली).—a The tamarind tree and fruit.
Śākavarga (शाकवर्ग) or Śāka is another name for Mūlakādi: the seventh chapter of the 13th-centu...
Ambiliyā (अम्बिलिया) in Prakrit or Āmlikā in Sanskrit refers to tamarind (Tamarindus indica Lin...
āmbalī (आंबली).—f (āmlikā S) The tamarind-tree and fruit.

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