Amalaka, aka: Āmalaka, Āmālaka; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Amalaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Āmalaka, the Samyama Nayaka hand, i.e., the forefinger and second finger together in the middle of the palm, the rest extended.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Āmalaka (आमलक, “dome”) refers to the “dome” on the crown of the Hindu temple.—The prāsāda (a three-storeyed palace) is almost completely a solid mass on whose multi-buttressed walls the images are displayed. The finial/the culminating portion of a pinnacle is raised above the body of the prāsāda as it is on the crown of the temple known as āmalaka (dome). It is a ribbed flattened top surmounted by a kalaśa (ornamental pot found in finials and capitals), topped by a finial and a banner. It is also known as harmya (a beautiful palace) in South Indian temples.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Āmalaka (आमलक) refers to the “Emblic myrobalan” and represents a type of fruit-bearing plant, according to the Arthaśāstra II.15.19, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. [...] Karamarda, parūṣaka, cūta (a variety of mango), Emblic myrobalan (āmalaka), Citrus medica, jujube, rose apple (jambu), cucumber (urvāruka), palm fruit (tālaphala), rājādana, pomegranate and jack fruit are referred to in Arthaśāstra. [...] Bhela especially recommends the use of āmalaka before food, hārītakī after the food and vibhītakī after the digestion of the food.

Āmalaka or “gooseberry” is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala in the dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana, which contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the Phala (fruits) group Āmalaka (gooseberry) is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita).

Āmalaka or “gooseberry” is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., āmalaka (gooseberry)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., bakula fruit (Mimusops elengi)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Embodied up the corners of the curvature of the shrine and used as its crowning member, ribbed stones called Āmalakas—the myrobalan fruit—ascend,supported by their own pillared kūṭa cages. They grow upwards and proliferate, as if toward their final realization at the pinnacle. It is this seed—placed beyond Ether (ākāśa), not in Air (vāyu)—that may one day flower at the tower’s top.

Source: Academia.edu: Unity and Gravity of an elemental Architecture

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Āmalaka (आमलक) refers to one of the eight trees (vṛkṣa) of the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. Āmalaka is associated with the charnel ground (śmaśāna) named Vidveṣaṇa; with the female world-guardian (lokapālinī) named Ṛṣī; with a female serpent (nāginī) and with a female cloud (meghinī).

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Amalaka is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Amlaka is known for its tasty fruits. A dish of amalaka is mentioned.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (eg., Amalaka), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Amalaka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara

Amalaka or Usiri is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Komatis (a trading caste of the Madras Presidency). Amalaka refers to the plant Amalaka or Usiri (Phyllanthus Emblica). The Komatis are said to have originally lived, and still live in large numbers on the banks of the Godavari river. One of the local names thereof is Gomati or Gomti, and the Sanskrit Gomati would, in Telugu, become corrupted into Komati. The sub-divisions are split up into septs (viz., Amalaka), which are of a strictly exogamous character.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Amalaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āmalaka : (nt.) emblic myrobalan, Phyllanthus Emblica.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Āmalaka, (cp. Sk. āmalaka) emblic myrobalan, Phyllanthus Emblica Vin.I, 201, 278; II, 149 (°vaṇṭika pīthu); S.I, 150; A.V, 170; Sn.p. 125 (°matti); J.IV, 363; V, 380 (as v. l. for T. āmala); Miln.11; DhA.I, 319; VvA.7. (Page 104)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Amalaka in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āmalaka (आमलक).—m (S) A tree, Phyllanthus emblica or Emblic myrobalan. 2 n Its fruit. Ex. turaṭa vāṭē ā0 || pari puḍhēṃ gōḍī disē adhika ||

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āmalaka (आमलक).—m A kind of tree. n Its fruit (āvaḷā).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āmalaka (आमलक).—

1) The tree, Emblic Myrobalan, Emblica Officinalis Gaertn (Mar. āṃvaḷā).

2) Name of another tree (vāsaka).

-kam Fruit of the Emblic Myrobalan; बदरामलकाम्रदाडिमानाम् (badarāmalakāmradāḍimānām) Bv.2.8.

Derivable forms: āmalakaḥ (आमलकः).

See also (synonyms): āmalakī.

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Āmālaka (आमालक).—A hill-station.

Derivable forms: āmālakaḥ (आमालकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āmalaka (आमलक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Emblic myrobalan, (Phyllanthus emblica.) m.

(-kaḥ) Another plant, (Justicia adhenatoda, &c.) n.

(-kaṃ) The fruit of the myrobalan. E. āṅ and mal to hold, vun aff. fem. ṅīṣ having all medicinal virtues.

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Āmālaka (आमालक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) Land near a mountain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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