Alu, Ālu: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Alu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aalu.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ālu (आलु).—tad. affix in the sense 'तन्न (tanna) xxयते (yate)' e.g. शीतालुः, उष्णालुः (śītāluḥ, uṣṇāluḥ) P.V.2.122.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of alu in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Alu [अळू] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Meyna laxiflora from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family having the following synonyms: Vangueria spinosa. For the possible medicinal usage of alu, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Alu [आलू] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Solanum tuberosum Solanum tuberosum L. from the Solanaceae (potato) family.

Alu [ꯑꯂꯨ] in the Manipuri language, ibid. previous identification.

Alu [ಆಲೂ, ಆಲು] in the Kannada language, ibid. previous identification.

Alu [आळू] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott from the Araceae (Arum) family having the following synonyms: Alocasia illustris, Alocasia dussii.

Alu in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Dinebra retroflexa (Vahl) Panz. from the Poaceae (Grass) family having the following synonyms: Cynosurus retroflexus, Dinebra paspaloides.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of alu in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Ālu (आलु) in Prakrit or Āluka in Sanskrit refers to taro (Arum colocasia). Today this word tends to be given the meaning of ‘potato’. This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to both Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246) and Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.44-46). Those plants which are classified as ananta-kāyas (e.g., ālu) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of alu in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Aḻu.—(SITI), Tamil; a variety of market dues; probably, the same as aḻḻu and aḻḻāya-mānyam. Note: aḻu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of alu in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ālu : (nt.) edible root or bulb; yam.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ālu, (nt.) (Sk. ālu & °ka; cognate with Lat. ālum & alium, see Walde Lat. Wtb. under alium) a bulbous plant, Radix Globosa Esculenta or Amorphophallus (Kern), Arum Campanulatum (Hardy) J.IV, 371 = VI, 578; IV, 373. (Page 109)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of alu in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aḷū (अळू).—m A tree and its fruit. Its fruit is sweetish and of the color of snuff. 2 A vegetable. Arum campanulatum. Sykes. Also Calladium esc. In the Konkan the form is aḷūṃ.

--- OR ---

ālu (आलु).—m S An esculent root, Arum campanulatum. Applied also to the yam, potato &c.

--- OR ---

ālū (आलू).—m ālūbōkhāra m ( P) Prunes from Bukhara, Persian prunes.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ālu (आलु).—m An esculent root.

--- OR ---

ālū (आलू).—m ālūbōkhāra m Prunes from Bu- khara, Persian prunes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of alu in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alu (अलु).—[al-un] A small water pot.

Derivable forms: aluḥ (अलुः).

--- OR ---

Ālu (आलु).—

1) An owl.

2) An esculent root (not applied to potato &c.).

3) Ebony; black ebony.

-luḥ f. A pitcher, waterjar.

-lu n. A raft, float.

Derivable forms: āluḥ (आलुः).

--- OR ---

Ālū (आलू).—See आलु (ālu).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ālu (आलु).—m. (or f.; Sanskrit Lex. nt., and Sanskrit āluka, nt.; Pali ālu, nt. according to [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]; but AMg. ālu, m. according to Rat- nach., Prakrit m. and nt. according to [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo]), a certain edible tuber: Mahāvyutpatti 5730 āluḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alu (अलु).—f.

(-luḥ) A small water pot. E. to go, and uc affix, ra becomes la; also ālu.

--- OR ---

Ālu (आलु).—f.

(-luḥ) A pitcheer, a small water jar. mn. (-luḥ-lu) 1. An esculent root, (Arum campanulatum:) in the modern dialects this name is applied to the yam, potatoe, &c. 2. A raft, a float. m.

(-luḥ) An owl. E. to go, and uṇ affix, āru what goes, (in the earth, water, &c.) the initial is lengthened, and ra is changed to la.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālu (आलु).—n. A vessel, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 52.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālu (आलु).—[feminine] a small water-jar; [neuter] raft, float.

--- OR ---

Ālū (आलू).—[feminine] a small water-jar; [neuter] raft, float.

--- OR ---

Ālū (आलू).—tear or pluck off.

Ālū is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and (लू).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Alu (अलु):—f. (= ālu q.v.) a small water-pot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Ālu (आलु):—m. (√ [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 5]), an owl, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) ebony, black ebony, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) f. (us) a pitcher, a small water-jar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Ālū (आलू):—[from ālu] a f. (ūs) a pitcher, a small water-jar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Ālu (आलु):—n. a raft, a float

7) an esculent root, Arum Campanulatum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) (in modern dialects applied to the yam, potato etc.)

9) Ālū (आलू):—[=ā-√lū] b [Parasmaipada] -lunāti, to cut, cut off;

—to pluck off.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Alu (अलु):—(luḥ) 2. f. Small water-pot.

2) Ālu (आलु):—(luḥ) 2. f. A pitcher. m. An owl. n. An esculent root, yam; raft.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ālu (आलु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ālu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Alu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of alu in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ālū (आलू) [Also spelled aalu]:—(nm) potato; ~[dama] see [dama ālū].

context information

...

Discover the meaning of alu in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ālu (आलु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ālu.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of alu in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aḷu (ಅಳು):—

1) [verb] to shed tears; to weep with or without vocal sound or utterance.

2) [verb] ಅಳದಿದ್ದರೆ ಅಮ್ಮನೂ ಹಾಲುಣಿಸಳು [aladiddare ammanu halunisalu] aḷadiddare ammanū hāluṇisaḷu (prov.) even to get what one deserves, one has to make hue and cry; ಅಳುವ ಮಕ್ಕಳ ಕೈಗೆ ಬೆಲ್ಲ ಕೊಡು [aluva makkala kaige bella kodu] aḷuva makkaḷa kaige bella koḍu (prov.) (to avoid a person making a hue and cry about bigger current demand) pacify with a small gift; ಅಳುವ ಮಕ್ಕಳ ಕಣ್ಣು ಒರಸು [aluva makkala kannu orasu] aḷuva makkaḷa kaṇṇu oresu (prov.) to show hypocritical sympathy; to pretend to be sympathetic.

--- OR ---

Aḷu (ಅಳು):—

1) [noun] a fit of weeping, shedding tears.

2) [noun] a loud vocal sound expressing pain; a cry.

--- OR ---

Aḷu (ಅಳು):—[noun] a kind of tax levied, not in practice now.

--- OR ---

Ālu (ಆಲು):—[verb] to shout aloud.

--- OR ---

Ālu (ಆಲು):—[noun] a small vessel; a small water pot.

--- OR ---

Ālu (ಆಲು):—

1) [noun] the plant Solanum tuberosum of Solanaceae family; potato plant.

2) [noun] its starchy, brown-skinned tuber used as a vegetable; potato.

--- OR ---

Āḷu (ಆಳು):—

1) [verb] to exercise authority over; to rule; to administer; to direct; to control; to manage, to govern.

2) [verb] to obtain; to get; to have; to posses.

3) [verb] to enjoy; to use with delight and satisfaction.

4) [verb] to protect; to faster; to take care of.

--- OR ---

Āḷu (ಆಳು):—

1) [verb] to go under the surface of a liquid; to plunge or sink oneself in to water etc.

2) [verb] to be engaged or absorbed (as in a work, sorrow, etc.) 3) to be or go within.

3) [verb] to cause to drown.

4) [verb] to fall losing one’s strength; to collapse.

--- OR ---

Āḷu (ಆಳು):—

1) [noun] a human being; a woman or a man.

2) [noun] (gen.) a man.

3) [noun] a man of capacity; a capable man; a manly person.

4) [noun] a soldier.

5) [noun] a member of that branch of an army consisting of soldiers trained and equipped to fight chiefly on foot; a foot-soldier.

6) [noun] a disciple.

7) [noun] a person employed to perform services, esp. household duties, for another; a servant.

8) [noun] a chess piece of the lowest value which can be moved only forward and one square at a time (or two squares on its first move), and which captures with a diagonal move; a pawn.

9) [noun] a measure of depth or height, varying from five feet to six feet.

10) [noun] ಆಳು ನೋಡಿದರೆ ಆಕಾರ, ಬಾಳು ನೋಡಿದರೆ ಬಾಯಿಬಡಿದುಕೋ ಬೇಕು [alu nodidare akara, balu nodidare bayibadiduko beku] āḷu nōḍidre ākāra, bāḷu nōḍidare bāyi baḍidukō bēku (said of a person) outwardly impressive, while inwardly useless; the appearance veils the essence; fat hens lay few eggs; ಆಳಾಗಬಲ್ಲವ ಅರಸಾಗಬಲ್ಲ [alagaballava arasagaballa] āḷāga ballava arasāgaballa he who can work hard himself, may manage to get the work done too; he who cannot be a servant of many, will never be a master; ಆಳುಮಾಡಿದ್ದು ಹಾಳು, ತಾನು ಮಾಡಿದ್ದು ಉತ್ತಮ [alumadiddu halu, tanu madiddu uttama] āḷu māḍiddu hāḷu, tānu māḍiddu uttama self-done is well done; depending on others for one’s work to be done, is dangerous; ಆಳುದ್ದ ಭಾವಿಗೆ ಗೇಣುದ್ದ ಹಗ್ಗ [aludda bhavige genudda hagga] āḷudda bhāvige gēṇudda hagga to work with insufficient means; to put a shark in a swimming pool.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of alu in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: