Alabu, Alābu, Alābū, Ālābu, Ālābū: 16 definitions



Alabu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Alābu (अलाबु) is a Sanskrit word referring to Lagenaria siceraria (calabash), a plant species in the Cucurbitaceae family. Certain plant parts of Alābu are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 3.56), the same plant (Lagenaria siceraria) is identified with Kaṭutumbī.

2) Alābu can also refer to a vessel made from the calabash gourd (Lagenaria siceraria).

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Alabu (अलबु) refers to the “bottle gourd”, representing a type of vegetable according to the Atharvaveda IV.34.5, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Among vegetables cucumber (urvāruka) and lotus stalks (bisa) were referred to in Ṛgveda. Atharvaveda refers to the usage of lotus roots (śāluka), bottle gourd (alabu) and Trapa bispinosa (śaphaka) in food articles.

2) Ālābu (आलाबु) refers to the “pumpkin gourd” and is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., ālābu (pumpkin gourd) or brahmataru kṣārodaka]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., siddhārthaka (mustard)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Ālābu (आलाबु) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standley” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning ālābu] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Alābu (अलाबु).—Gourds unfit for śrāddha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 16. 8.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Alābu (अलाबु) refers to “bottle-gourd” and represents a type of vegetables fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.121b-125 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

alābu : (nt.) long white gourd.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Alābu, (Sk. alābū f.) a long white gourd, Cucurbita Lagenaris M.I, 80 (tittaka°), 315 (id.); PvA.47 (id.); DhsA.405. — See also alāpu. (Page 79)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

alābu (अलाबु).—m S A long white gourd, Cucurbita lagenaria.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alābu (अलाबु) or Alābū (अलाबू).—f. [na-lambate; na-lamb-u-ṇit nalopaśca vṛddhiḥ Tv] The bottle-gourd.

-bu (n.)

1) A vessel made of gourd.

2) A fruit of the gourd which is very light and floats in water; किं हि नामैतत् अम्बुनि मज्जन्त्यलाबूनि ग्रावाणः प्लवन्त इति (kiṃ hi nāmaitat ambuni majjantyalābūni grāvāṇaḥ plavanta iti) Mv.1; Ms.6.54.

Derivable forms: alābuḥ (अलाबुः), alābūḥ (अलाबूः).

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Ālābu (आलाबु) or Ālābū (आलाबू).—f. A pumpkin gourd; see अलाबु (alābu).

Derivable forms: ālābuḥ (आलाबुः), ālābūḥ (आलाबूः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alābu (अलाबु).—f.

(-buḥ) A long gourd. See the next word.

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Alābū (अलाबू).—f.

(-būḥ) The bottle gourd, (Cucurbita lagenaris.) E. a neg. laba to sink, ū Unadi affix, m is dropped, and the preceding vowel lengthened: what does not sink in water; floats, &c. are made of this gourd, especially when hollowed: also alabu and ālābu.

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Ālābu (आलाबु).—f.

(-buḥ) A pumpkin gourd: also ālābū, alābu and alābū, q. v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alābu (अलाबु).—f. A long gourd, a gourd-bottle, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 54.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alābu (अलाबु).—(alābū) [feminine] the bottle gourd; [masculine] [neuter] a vessel made of the b. [grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Alābu (अलाबु):—f. the bottle-gourd (Lagenaria Vulgaris Ser), [Suśruta] etc.

2) mn. a vessel made of the bottle-gourd, [Atharva-veda] etc.

3) (used by Brāhmanical ascetics), [Manu-smṛti vi, 54; Jaina literature]

4) n. the fruit of the bottle-gourd, [Mahābhārata ii, 2196, etc.]

5) Alābū (अलाबू):—[from alābu] f. (= alābu above) the bottle-gourd, [Pāṇini 4-1, 66] [commentator or commentary] [Uṇādi-sūtra]

6) Ālābu (आलाबु):—f. the pumpkin gourd, Cucurbita Pepo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Alābu (अलाबु):—(buḥ) 2. f. A long gourd.

2) Alābū (अलाबू):—(būḥ) 3. f. Idem.

3) Ālābu (आलाबु):—(buḥ) 2. f. A pumpkin gourd.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Alābu (अलाबु):—

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Ālābu (आलाबु):—f. = alābu [1.] [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Alābu (अलाबु):—

1) n. die Frucht: majjantyalābūni śilāḥ plavante [Mahābhārata 2, 2196.] vīṇā [ŚIKṢĀ 28] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 355.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Alābu (अलाबु):—f. (auch ) Flaschengurke ; m. n. die Frucht und ein daraus verfertigtes Gefäss (auch zum Schröpfen gebraucht).

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Ālābu (आलाबु):—f. = alābu Flaschengurke.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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