Akshakrida, Akṣakrīḍā, Aksha-krida: 4 definitions
Akshakrida means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Akṣakrīḍā can be transliterated into English as Aksakrida or Akshakrida, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)
Akṣakrīḍā (अक्षक्रीडा) is one of the popular games played right from the Vedic days to even to-day. Akṣa is the term coined in the Ṛgveda for dice and it is condemned: akṣair mā dīvyaḥ. Even the famous grammarian Pāṇini mentions the word in a sūtra, akṣaśalākāsaṃkhyāḥ pariṇā (II, 1, 10). It is not only condemned but also the evil effects of it are amplified in the literature of the past. Owing to his addiction in playing this game Yudhiṣṭhira, hero of the Mahābhārata, lost his kingdom. King Nala of Ikṣvāku line suffered in the forest after having lost his realm in gambling. However, purāṇic texts say that gods and goddesses were taking pleasure in gambling for their amusement and would play for years together.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Akṣakrīḍā (अक्षक्रीडा) is represented as a sculpture at the temple of Lokeśvara, eastern porch, south pillar, west face.—Akṣakrīḍā is one of the popular games played right from the Vedic days to even to-day. In the temple of Lokeśvara we meet with one such example from a mythological text. Here the divine couple Śiva and Pārvatī are playing dice in the presence of their attendants and servants. Both are sitting, face-to-face, on the floor and a dice-board or a dice-cloth is spread in between them. They are fully engaged in the play and the hand gesture of Pārvatī is such that it looks as if she is going to throw the dice.
The whole scene is divided into two halves. By the side of Pārvatī are carved all her female attendants and by the side of Śiva all male attendants. Gaṇeśa is sitting next to Śiva. There is a cauri-bearer for Pārvatī but no such character on the side of Śiva. Nandin is standing in front of an attendant who is sitting next to Pārvatī. Śiva is shown with four hands holding paraśu and triśūla, in his upper left and right hands respectively. With his lower right hand he holds the dice-board, while the left one is resting on his knee. He wears a necklace, which looks like rudrākṣamālā, made of rudrākṣa berries, whereas the twohanded goddess holds dice in her right hand and her left hand is not distinctly visible. Below this scene are shown dancers. They are all slender and very handsome.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
akṣakrīḍā (अक्षक्रीडा).—f (S) akṣadyūta n (S) Dice-playing, gambling.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
akṣakrīḍā (अक्षक्रीडा).—f-dyūta n Gambling.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
See also (Relevant definitions)
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