Akrushta, Ākruṣṭa: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Akrushta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ākruṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Akrusta or Akrushta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ākruṣṭa (आक्रुष्ट) refers to “getting scold” (i.e., rebuke), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(The disciple) should behave well for a period of eight, five or three years. Otherwise initiation should not be given to him (as) he (would not achieve) success in the Kula teachings. [...]  (The aspirant) is fit (to be a disciple) if he remains faithful (to his teacher) even if he scolds (ākruṣṭa) (him) a hundred times or even beats (him) a thousand times. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Akrushta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ākruṣṭa (आक्रुष्ट) refers to “scold” or “rebuke”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] A chaste lady shall never mention her husband’s name. If the husband scolds (ākruṣṭa) or rebukes her she shall not abuse him in return. Even when beaten by him she shall remain glad and say ‘I may even be killed, O lord. Be kind to me’. When called by him she shall leave the work she is engaged in and approach him immediately. With palms joined in reverence and love she shall bow to him and say as follows. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Ākruṣṭa (आक्रुष्ट) refers to “abuse”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, does the patience of the Bodhisattvas becomes like open space? Son of good family, the patience of the Bodhisattva becomes like the expanse of the sky when he is endowed with the four dharmas. What are those four? To wit, 1) never responding to abuse (ākruṣṭa) with more abuse because the speech is like open space; 2) never responding to beatings with more beatings because the body is like open space; 3) never responding to insults with more insults because the thought is like open space; 4) never responding to anger with more anger because the intention is like open space. When he is endowed with those four dharmas, son of good family, the patience of the Bodhisattvas becomes like open space”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ākruṣṭa (आक्रुष्ट).—p. p.

1) Scolded, reviled, censured, abused, calumniated &c.; क्रुध्यन्तं न प्रतिक्रुध्येदाक्रुष्टः कुशलं वदेत् (krudhyantaṃ na pratikrudhyedākruṣṭaḥ kuśalaṃ vadet) Ms. 6.48; Śiśupālavadha 12.27.

2) Sounded, vociferated.

3) Cursed.

-ṣṭam 1 Calling out.

2) A harsh cry or sound, an abusive speech (paruṣabhāṣaṇam); मार्जारमूषिकास्पर्शे आक्रुष्टे क्रोध- संभवे (mārjāramūṣikāsparśe ākruṣṭe krodha- saṃbhave) Kāty.; प्रपातजलनिर्घोषैः प्राक्रुष्टमिव सर्वतः (prapātajalanirghoṣaiḥ prākruṣṭamiva sarvataḥ) Rām.5.56.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākruṣṭa (आक्रुष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Cursed. 2. Accused, calumniated. 3. Abused. 4. Vociferated. E. āṅ before kruśa to call, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākruṣṭa (आक्रुष्ट).—[adjective] being reviled.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ākruṣṭa (आक्रुष्ट):—[=ā-kruṣṭa] [from ā-kruś] mfn. scolded, abused, calumniated, [Manu-smṛti vi, 48; Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] n. calling out, crying, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākruṣṭa (आक्रुष्ट):—[ā-kruṣṭa] (ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) p. Accursed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ākruṣṭa (आक्रुष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ākuṭṭha.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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