Akrura, aka: Akrūra; 4 Definition(s)


Akrura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Akrura in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Akrūra (अक्रूर).—Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Yadu (Chapter XII of Agni Purāṇa). Descending from Yadu in order were Sahasrajit-Śatajit-Hehaya-Dharma-Kunti-Bhadrasena-Dhanaka-Kṛtavīrya Kārttavīryārjuna-Madhu-Vṛṣṇi (Chapter XXIII of Navama Skandha, Bhāgavata). The Vṛṣṇi dynasty begins and from Vṛṣṇi in order descended Yudhājit-Śini-Satyaka-Sātyaki-Jaya-Kuṇi-Anamitra-Pṛśni-Śvaphalka-Akrūra. (Chapter XXIV of Navama Skandha, Bhāgavata). (See full article at Story of Akrūra from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Akrūra (अक्रूर).—A Yadu prince; welcomed Kṛṣṇa to Dvāraka.1 The foremost of the sons of Śvaphalka and Gāndinī; married a daughter of Ugrasena and had two sons, Devavān and Upadeva (Deva and Anupadeva).2 Stayed in Madhurā (Mathurā) when the Yadus migrated.3 Once visited Brahmaḥrada.4 Kaṃsa sent for him and asked him to take in his chariot Kṛṣṇa and Rāma to the capital for the Dhanuryāga (‘festival of arms’) at which they were to be killed. Returned home with this message.5 When the night passed by, Akrūra started for the vraja of Nanda thinking all the way of the meeting and embraces of Kṛṣṇa and Rāma who had made friends with people of Brindāvan. Reached Gokula by evening.6 Saw Rāma and Kṛṣṇa in fine deportment and form, milking cows: prostrated before them in divine ecstasy. Welcomed in the proper way by the brothers and Nanda, Akrūra was lost in wonder, and did not feel the fatigue of the journey.7 Gopis who came to know of Akrūra's mission called him Krūra for taking away Kṛṣṇa from their midst.8

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 11. 16; 14, 28.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 15, 17, 18; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 113; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 126; 14. 7, 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 112.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 4 [].
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 28. 16.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 36. 27-40; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 15, 9, 12.
  • 6) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 38, 1-24 Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 15. 24.
  • 7) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 38. 25-43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 17. 2-25.
  • 8) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 39. 21-26.

1b) A kādraveya nāga.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa, III. 7. 36.

1c) Mahāsena: a varamūrti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 50.

1d) A son of Jayanta, married Ratnā, Śaibya's daughter; father of eleven powerful sons.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 27-8.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Akrūra (अक्रूर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Akrūra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akrūra (अक्रूर).—a. [na. ta.] Not cruel.

-raḥ Name of a Yādava, a friend and uncle of Kṛṣṇa. [It was he who induced Balarāma and Kṛṣṇa to go to Mathurā and kill Kaṃsa. He told the two brothers how their father Ānakadundubhi, the princess Devakī and even his own father Ugrasena had been insulted by the iniquitous demon Kaṃsa, and told them why he had been despatched to them. Kṛṣṇa consented to go and promised to slay the demon within 3 nights, which he succeeded in doing.]

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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