Akrura, aka: Akrūra; 4 Definition(s)
Akrura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Akrūra (अक्रूर).—Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Yadu (Chapter XII of Agni Purāṇa). Descending from Yadu in order were Sahasrajit-Śatajit-Hehaya-Dharma-Kunti-Bhadrasena-Dhanaka-Kṛtavīrya Kārttavīryārjuna-Madhu-Vṛṣṇi (Chapter XXIII of Navama Skandha, Bhāgavata). The Vṛṣṇi dynasty begins and from Vṛṣṇi in order descended Yudhājit-Śini-Satyaka-Sātyaki-Jaya-Kuṇi-Anamitra-Pṛśni-Śvaphalka-Akrūra. (Chapter XXIV of Navama Skandha, Bhāgavata). (See full article at Story of Akrūra from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Akrūra (अक्रूर).—A Yadu prince; welcomed Kṛṣṇa to Dvāraka.1 The foremost of the sons of Śvaphalka and Gāndinī; married a daughter of Ugrasena and had two sons, Devavān and Upadeva (Deva and Anupadeva).2 Stayed in Madhurā (Mathurā) when the Yadus migrated.3 Once visited Brahmaḥrada.4 Kaṃsa sent for him and asked him to take in his chariot Kṛṣṇa and Rāma to the capital for the Dhanuryāga (‘festival of arms’) at which they were to be killed. Returned home with this message.5 When the night passed by, Akrūra started for the vraja of Nanda thinking all the way of the meeting and embraces of Kṛṣṇa and Rāma who had made friends with people of Brindāvan. Reached Gokula by evening.6 Saw Rāma and Kṛṣṇa in fine deportment and form, milking cows: prostrated before them in divine ecstasy. Welcomed in the proper way by the brothers and Nanda, Akrūra was lost in wonder, and did not feel the fatigue of the journey.7 Gopis who came to know of Akrūra's mission called him Krūra for taking away Kṛṣṇa from their midst.8
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 11. 16; 14, 28.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 15, 17, 18; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 113; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 126; 14. 7, 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 112.
- 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 4 .
- 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 28. 16.
- 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 36. 27-40; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 15, 9, 12.
- 6) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 38, 1-24 Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 15. 24.
- 7) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 38. 25-43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 17. 2-25.
- 8) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 39. 21-26.
1b) A kādraveya nāga.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa, III. 7. 36.
1c) Mahāsena: a varamūrti.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 50.
1d) A son of Jayanta, married Ratnā, Śaibya's daughter; father of eleven powerful sons.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 27-8.
Akrūra (अक्रूर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Akrūra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Akrūra (अक्रूर).—a. [na. ta.] Not cruel.
-raḥ Name of a Yādava, a friend and uncle of Kṛṣṇa. [It was he who induced Balarāma and Kṛṣṇa to go to Mathurā and kill Kaṃsa. He told the two brothers how their father Ānakadundubhi, the princess Devakī and even his own father Ugrasena had been insulted by the iniquitous demon Kaṃsa, and told them why he had been despatched to them. Kṛṣṇa consented to go and promised to slay the demon within 3 nights, which he succeeded in doing.]Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 83 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Akrūra-tīrtha (when Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma were going to Mathurā in the chariot driven by Akrūra...
Mathura Iconography.—The art form that emphasized the Indian idiom with idealistic symbolism th...
Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—m. (-vaḥ) A Pandava or descendant of Pandu; especially applied to Yudhist'Hir...
Deva (देव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. A deity, a god. 2. A king, in poetical language. 3. A husbands’s broth...
Puruṣa (पुरुष) refers to the “cosmic man or being” while Prakṛti refers to “cosmic nature”, as ...
Bhoja (भोज).—m. (-jaḥ) 1. A country, Patna and Bhagalpur. 2. The name of a sovereign of Oujein,...
Yamunā (यमुना) is the name of a river and rises in the Himalaya mountains among the Jumnotri pe...
Hari (हरि).—m., (1) n. of a nāga king: May 246.32; (2) (m. or f.) a high number: Mvy 7868, cite...
Śatrughna (शत्रुघ्न).—mfn. (-ghnaḥ-ghnī-ghnaṃ) Killing a foe. m. (-ghnaḥ) The second brother of...
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—n. (-raṃ) Ancient Delhi, the capital of Yudhisht'Hira and his brethre...
Mitra (मित्र).—n. (-traṃ) 1. A friend. 2. An ally; in this form it is always neuter; but it is ...
Ugrasena (उग्रसेन).—m. (-naḥ) 1. The name of a prince, the father of Devaki and Kansa, and king...
Pṛthu (पृथु).—mfn. (-thuḥ-thuḥ-thvī-thu) 1. Large, great. 2. Smart, clever. m. (-thuḥ) 1. The f...
Jayanta (जयन्त).—m. (-ntaḥ) 1. A hero and demigod, the son of Indra. 2. A name of Siva. 3. The ...
Śravaṇa (श्रवण, “listening”) refers to one of the three rites mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.3. ...
Search found 24 books and stories containing Akrura or Akrūra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter XVII - Journey of Akrura to Gokula < [Book V]
Chapter XVIII - Krishna depart for Mathura < [Book V]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 39 - Akrura’s Vision < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 49 - Akrura’s Mission in Hastinapura < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 38 - Akrura’s Arrival in Vrndavana < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
The Jewel Syamantaka < [Fourth Section]
Various Exploits < [Fifth Section]
Mathura and Kamsa < [Fifth Section]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.69 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Verse 2.4.50 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 2.4.139 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.5.33 < [Chapter 5 - Priya: The Beloved]
Verse 2.6.276 < [Chapter 6 - Abhīṣṭa-lābha: The Attainment of All Desires]
Verse 2.6.285 < [Chapter 6 - Abhīṣṭa-lābha: The Attainment of All Desires]
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)