Akroshaka, Ākrośaka: 4 definitions


Akroshaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ākrośaka can be transliterated into English as Akrosaka or Akroshaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Akroshaka in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ākrośaka (Akkosaka in Pali) is the name of a Brāhman, according to the Akkossasutta of the Saṃyutta (also see the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLII).—The Buddha was dwelling at Rājagaha at the Veḷuvana in the Kalandakanivāpa. Akkosaka-Bhāradvāja came to find him and, furious to learn that his brother Samaṇa had just entered the bhikṣu community, he insulted and outraged the Blessed One with coarse and harmful words. The Buddha’s only response was to ask him if sometimes he welcomed friends and relatives at his home and if, in the affirmative, he offered them food. Akkosaka acknowledged that sometimes that happened. And if the guests refuse the food that you offer them, said the Buddha, to whom does this food belong?—It returns to me, answered the Brāhman. In the same way, continued the Buddha, by not responding to your insults by means of insults, we let you take them into account: it is to you that they return, O Brāhman.

The Pāli Akkosasutta has its Sanskrit correspondents in the Āgamas (Saṃyukta). Both Sanskrit sūtras differ considerably from the Pāli suttanta. They place the event not at Rājagṛha, but at Śrāvastī in the Jetavana in the garden of Anāthapiṇdada; they designate the Brāhman not by the name Ākrośaka but under his personal name: the Māṇava Pin-k’i-kia (Piṅgika) or Pei-yi (Piṅgiya); finally and in particular, they are silent about the conversion of the Brāhman, his entry into religion and his reaching Arhathood.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Akroshaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ākrośaka (आक्रोशक).—a.

1) Vociferous, one who calls out or vociferates.

2) A reviler, abusive.

Derivable forms: ākrośakaḥ (आक्रोशकः).

See also (synonyms): kroṣṭṝ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākrośaka (आक्रोशक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Abusing, abusive. 2. Vociferous. E. ākruśa to call, vuñ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākrośaka (आक्रोशक):—[=ā-krośaka] [from ā-kruś] mfn. abusing, [Mahābhārata v, 1369.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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