Akriti, aka: Ākṛtī, Ākṛti; 8 Definition(s)
Akriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Ākṛtī and Ākṛti can be transliterated into English as Akrti or Akriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Ayurveda (science of life)
Ākṛti (आकृति) is a Sanskrit technical term, translating to the “physical charactereistics” of a plant (eg. shape). It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
1a) Ākṛti (आकृति).—A progenitor, responsible for form and shape.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 1 and 7.
1b) A son of Babhru.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 38.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Ākṛtī (आकृती) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing twenty-two syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Ākṛti (आकृति).—lit. form; individual thing; cf. एकस्या आकृतेश्चरितः प्रयोगो द्वितीयस्यास्तृतीय-स्याश्च न भवति (ekasyā ākṛteścaritaḥ prayogo dvitīyasyāstṛtīya-syāśca na bhavati) M.Bh on III.1.40 Vārt.6. The word is derived as आक्रियते सा आकृतिः (ākriyate sā ākṛtiḥ) and explained as संस्थानम् (saṃsthānam); cf. आक्रियते व्यज्यते अनया इति आकृतिः संस्थानमुच्यते (ākriyate vyajyate anayā iti ākṛtiḥ saṃsthānamucyate) Nyāsa on IV.1.63; (2) general form which, in a way, is equivalent to the generic notion or genus; cf. आकृत्युपदेशात्सिद्धम् । अवर्णा-कृतिरुपदिष्टा सर्वमवर्णकुलं ग्रहीष्यति (ākṛtyupadeśātsiddham | avarṇā-kṛtirupadiṣṭā sarvamavarṇakulaṃ grahīṣyati) M. Bh. I.1 Āhn. 1; (3) notion of genus; cf also यत्तर्हि तद् भिन्नेष्वभिन्नं छिनेष्वच्छिन्नं सामान्यभूतं स शब्दः । नेत्याह । आकृतिर्नाम सा (yattarhi tad bhinneṣvabhinnaṃ chineṣvacchinnaṃ sāmānyabhūtaṃ sa śabdaḥ | netyāha | ākṛtirnāma sā). M. Bh. I.1.Āhn.1; (4) a metre consisting of 88 letters; cf. R. Prāt. XVI.56,57.(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
Ākṛti (आकृति) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Languages of India and abroad
ākṛti (आकृति).—f (S) Form, figure, shape.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ākṛti (आकृति).—f Form, figure, shape.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Form, figure, shape (of anything); गन्धाकृतिः (gandhākṛtiḥ) Bhāg.5.11.1. गोवर्धनस्याकृतिरन्वकारि (govardhanasyākṛtiranvakāri) Śi.3.4.
2) Bodily form, body; किमिव हि मधुराणां मण्डनं नाकृती- नाम् (kimiva hi madhurāṇāṃ maṇḍanaṃ nākṛtī- nām) Ś.1.2; विकृताकृति (vikṛtākṛti) Ms.11.52; घोर°, सौम्य° (ghora°, saumya°) &c.
3) Appearance; oft. a good or noble appearance, good form; न ह्याकृतिः सुसदृशं विजहाति वृत्तम् (na hyākṛtiḥ susadṛśaṃ vijahāti vṛttam) Mk.9.16; यत्राकृतिस्तत्र गुणा वसन्ति (yatrākṛtistatra guṇā vasanti) Subhāṣ. आकृतिमनुगृह्णन्ति गुणाः (ākṛtimanugṛhṇanti guṇāḥ) Vb.2.
4) Specimen, character.
5) Tribe, species.
6) A form ascertained by senses; मनस्याकृतयो मग्ना (manasyākṛtayo magnā) Mb.12.24.19. cf. आकृतिस्तु शरीरे स्याद्रूपसामान्ययोरपि (ākṛtistu śarīre syādrūpasāmānyayorapi).
7) A metre.
8) (Arth.) The number twentytwo.
Derivable forms: ākṛtiḥ (आकृतिः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 23 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Ākṛtigaṇa (आकृतिगण).—a list of words belonging to a certain grammatical rule which does not giv...
Svākṛti (स्वाकृति).—a. well-formed, handsome, beautiful. Svākṛti is a Sanskrit compound consist...
Aṇḍākṛti (अण्डाकृति).—a. [bahu.] egg-shaped, oval, elliptical. -raḥ-tiḥ an ellipse. Aṇḍākṛti is...
Citrākṛti (चित्राकृति).—f. a painted resemblance, portrait. Derivable forms: citrākṛtiḥ (चित्रा...
Ghorākṛti (घोराकृति).—a. frightful in appearance, terrific, hideous. (-naḥ) 1 an owl. 2) a hyen...
Ākṛtiyoga (आकृतियोग).—A certain class of constellations.Derivable forms: ākṛtiyogaḥ (आकृतियोगः)...
Bhadrākṛti (भद्राकृति).—a. of auspicious features. Bhadrākṛti is a Sanskrit compound consisting...
Cakrākṛti (चक्राकृति).—a. circular, round. Cakrākṛti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the t...
Nirākṛti (निराकृति).—f., [nirākriyā]1) Repudiation, expulsion, rejection.2) Refusal.3) Obstruct...
Gavākṛti (गवाकृति).—a. cow-shaped. Gavākṛti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gava...
Vāmanākṛti (वामनाकृति).—a. dwarfish. Vāmanākṛti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ...
Vimalākṛti (विमलाकृति) refers to a variety of prāsāda (‘superstructure’, or, upper storey of...
Dravya (द्रव्य, “substance”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.2.—The word dravya ...
Viśeṣa (विशेष) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva B...
Chandas (छन्दस्, “metrics”) refers to one of the six divisions of the Vedāṅga texts, a type of ...
Search found 14 books and stories containing Akriti, Ākṛtī or Ākṛti. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.142 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
Verse 1.4.108 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta: The Devotee]
Verse 2.7.30 < [Chapter 7 - Jagad-ānanda: The Bliss of the Worlds]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 3 - Assuring one’s own good and that of others < [Chapter LI - Seeing all the Buddha Fields]
III.2: Subjective nature of the appearance of the Buddhas < [Part 4 - Being born into the family of the Bodhisattvas, etc.]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1745-1746 < [Chapter 20 - Examination of Syādvāda (doctrine)]
Verse 716-720 < [Chapter 13 - Examination of ‘Sāmānya’ (the ‘universal’)]
Verse 1450-1455 < [Chapter 18 - Inference]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)