Ajnata, Ajñāta: 17 definitions
Ajnata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Agyat.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Ajñāta (अज्ञात) refers to “unknown (factors)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.31 (“Description of Śiva’s magic”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in disguise of a Brahmin) said to the Lord of Mountains: “I have come to know that you desire to give your daughter to Śiva, [...] To Śiva—who has no support, [...] whose name and pedigree are unknown (ajñāta), whose conduct is bad, who has no sport, whose body is smeared with ashes, who is furious, who lacks in discrimination, whose age is not known, [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Ajñāta (अज्ञात) refers to “unknown”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Or, the Supreme Soul is not perceived through its own nature which is unknown (ajñāta-svasvarūpa). The individual self is to be ascertained first in order to discern the Supreme Soul. Further, there may not be an abiding in the self for one who is ignorant of the real state of the self. Hence he fails to distinguish between the nature of the body and the self”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geography
Ājñāta.—(IA 18), ‘an order’; sañcaritaṃ c = ājñātam, ‘and the command has been communicated or carried into effect.’ Note: ājñāta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
ajñāta (अज्ञात).—a S Unknown. 2 unc Unknowing or ignorant.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
ajñāta (अज्ञात).—a Unknown. Ignorant.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Ajñāta (अज्ञात).—a. Unknown, unexpected, unconscious, unaware; °भुक्त, संवत्सरस्यैकमपि चरेत्कृच्छ्रं द्विजोत्तमः । अज्ञातभुक्तशुद्ध्यर्थं ज्ञातस्त तु विशेषतः (bhukta, saṃvatsarasyaikamapi caretkṛcchraṃ dvijottamaḥ | ajñātabhuktaśuddhyarthaṃ jñātasta tu viśeṣataḥ) || Manusmṛti 5.21 eaten unconsciously or unawares; °कुलशीलस्य (kulaśīlasya) whose family and character are unknown; °पातं सलिले ममज्ज (pātaṃ salile mamajja) R.16.72.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-tā) Ignorance; also ajñatva E. tā added to ajña.
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(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Unknown. 2. Unknowing. E. a neg. jñāta known.
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(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Ordered, commanded. E. āṅ before jñā to know, affix kta.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ajñatā (अज्ञता).—[a-jña + tā], f. Ignorance.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ajñatā (अज्ञता).—[feminine] ignorance.
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Ajñāta (अज्ञात).—[adjective] unknown; [neuter] [adverb] without the knowledge of ([genetive]).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Ajñatā (अज्ञता):—[=a-jña-tā] [from a-jña] f. ignorance.
2) Ajñāta (अज्ञात):—[=a-jñāta] [from a-jña] mfn. unknown
3) [v.s. ...] unexpected
4) [v.s. ...] unaware
5) Ājñāta (आज्ञात):—[=ā-jñāta] [from ā-jñā] mfn.; See an-ājñ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-tā) Ignorance. Also ajñatva n.
(-tvam) . E. ajña, taddh. aff. tal or tva.
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Ajñāta (अज्ञात):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.
(-taḥ-tā-tam) Unknown. E. a neg. and jñāta.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Ajñāta (अज्ञात):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Unknown.
2) Ājñāta (आज्ञात):—[ā-jñāta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Commanded.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Ajñāta (अज्ञात) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṇāya, Aṇṇāya.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Ajñāta (अज्ञात) [Also spelled agyat]:—(a) unknown; ~[kula] of unknown lineage; ~[nāma/~nāmā] of unknown name, anonymous; ~[pūrva] unknown (before); ~[vāsa] secret dwelling, dwelling in an unknown place; ~[yauvanā] (a girl) unaware of the emergence of youth (within her).
Ajñāta (ಅಜ್ಞಾತ):—[adjective] not known.
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Ajñāta (ಅಜ್ಞಾತ):—[noun] = ಅಜ್ಞಾತವಾಸ [ajnatavasa]; 2 ) that which is not known.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: A, Ta, Ajna, Jnata.
Starts with (+2): Ajnatabhukta, Ajnatacarya, Ajnatacharya, Ajnatahatya, Ajnataka, Ajnatakaundinya, Ajnataketa, Ajnatakrita, Ajnatakulashila, Ajnatam, Ajnatana, Ajnatapataka, Ajnatapurva, Ajnatar, Ajnatashila, Ajnatavada, Ajnatavasa, Ajnatavastushastra, Ajnatavi, Ajnatavin.
Ends with (+9): Akritajnata, Alpajnata, Amatrajnata, Anajnata, Aprajnata, Arasajnata, Asamprajnata, Avajnata, Avisheshajnata, Bhaktajnata, Cittajnata, Gunajnata, Hayajnata, Jnatajnata, Kritajnata, Lokajnata, Matrajnata, Paraparajnata, Prajnata, Rasajnata.
Full-text (+13): Ajnataketa, Ajnatavasa, Anajnata, Ajnanakaundinya, Kaundinya, Ajnataka, Ajnatakaundinya, Ajnatam, Annaya, Ajnatayauvana, Ajnatashila, Ajnatabhukta, Ajnatapataka, Ajnatakulashila, Ajnatayakshma, Jnanakaundinya, Five Bhikkhus, Kaundilya, Samajnana, Ajnatavastushastra.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Ajnata, Ajñāta, Ājñāta, Ajñatā, Ajna-ta, Ajña-tā, A-jnata, A-jñāta, Ā-jñāta; (plurals include: Ajnatas, Ajñātas, Ājñātas, Ajñatās, tas, tās, jnatas, jñātas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 11.155 < [Section XVII - Expiation for the Sin of taking Forbidden Food]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XXXI - The Jātaka of Ājñāta Kauṇḍinya < [Volume III]
Chapter XXXII - The five monks < [Volume III]
Chapter XXX - The rolling of the wheel < [Volume III]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 6.46.12 < [Sukta 46]
Rig Veda 5.3.11 < [Sukta 3]
Rig Veda 10.161.1 < [Sukta 161]
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 6.6 - The nature of influx (āsrava) < [Chapter 6 - Influx of Karmas]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.16.113 < [Chapter 16 - The Lord’s Acceptance of Śuklāmbara’s Rice]
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms (by Fa-Hien)