Ajiva, Ājīva, Ajīva: 21 definitions


Ajiva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ājīva (आजीव) refers to “subsistence” (way of living), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the stars of the constellation of Mṛgāśīrṣa should be dimmed by the tails of or appear to be in contact with malefic comets, the ruler of Auśīnara will perish; if those of Ārdrā, the ruler of the people subsisting by the products of water [i.e., jalaja-ājīva-adhipa] will perish; if those of Punarvasu the ruler of Aśmaka will perish; and if those of Puṣya the ruler of Magadha will perish”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

N (Means of livelihood). Means to earn ones living.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'livelihood'. About right and wrong livelihood., s. sacca (IV. 5) and micchā-magga (5).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ajīva (अजीव) refers to “non-soul” and represents one of the seven tattvas (principles), according to chapter 4.4 [anantanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Anantanātha said:—“[...] Non-soul (ajīva) consists of the medium of motion (dharma), medium of rest (adharma), space (vihāyas), time (kāla), and matter (pudgala). These five and jīva are known as substances (dravya). Of these all, except time, are formed from an aggregate of indivisible units (pradeśa). They are all, except jīva, without consciousness and are not active agents. Except time, they are (all) embodied substances (astikāya) and are all without form (amūrta) except matter. But all have the nature of origination, perishing, and permanence. [...]”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra

Ajīva (अजीव, “soulless”).—What is meant by ajīva (non-living being)? An entity without consciousness is called ajīva.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ajīva (अजीव) refers to the “non-sentient matter” and represents one of the seven reals (tattvas), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Consequently, the sages have said that the seven reals are sentient soul, non-sentient matter (ajīva), the influx of karma, the binding of karma, stopping the influx of karma, wearing away karma and liberation”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ājīva : (m.) livelihood; living; subsistence.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ājīva, (ā + jīva; Sk. ājīva) livelihood, mode of living, living, subsistence, D.I, 54; A.III, 124 (parisuddha°); Sn.407 (°ṃ = parisodhayi = micchājīvaṃ hitvā sammājīvaṃ eva pavattayī SnA 382), 617; Pug.51; Vbh.107, 235; Miln.229 (bhinna°); Vism.306 (id.); DhsA.390; Sdhp.342, 375, 392. Esp. frequent in the contrast pair sammā-ājīva & micchā-ā° right mode & wrong mode of gaining a living, e. g. at S.II, 168 sq.; III, 239; V, 9; A.I, 271; II 53, 240, 270; IV, 82; Vbh.105, 246. See also magga (ariyaṭṭhaṅgika).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ajīva (अजीव).—a. [na. ba.] Devoid of life; lifeless, as a jar or a dead person.

-vaḥ [na. ta.]

1) Non-existence, death.

2) (With Jainas) All that is not a living soul, i. e. the whole of जड (jaḍa) or inanimate and unsentient substance (opp. jīva).

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Ājīva (आजीव).—

1) Livelihood, subsistence, maintenance, भवत्याजीवनं तस्मात् (bhavatyājīvanaṃ tasmāt) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.48; cf. words like रूपाजीव, अजाजीव, शस्त्राजीव, स्त्र्याजीव (rūpājīva, ajājīva, śastrājīva, stryājīva) &c; आजीवनार्थः (ājīvanārthaḥ) Manusmṛti 1.79,11.63 means of livelihood; बहुमूलफलो रम्यः स्वाजीवः प्रतिभाति मे (bahumūlaphalo ramyaḥ svājīvaḥ pratibhāti me) Rām.2.56.14.

2) Profession, the means of maintaining oneself; विशुद्ध इदानीमाजीवः (viśuddha idānīmājīvaḥ) Ś.6.

-vaḥ A Jaina beggar.

Derivable forms: ājīvaḥ (आजीवः).

See also (synonyms): ājīvana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ājīva (आजीव).—m., = next: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.50.1 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajīva (अजीव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Death. 2. Non-existence. mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) 1. Lifeless, dead. E. a neg. and jīva life.

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Ājīva (आजीव).—m.

(-vaḥ) Livelihood, subsistence. E. āṅ before jīva to live, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ājīva (आजीव).—[ā-jīv + a], m. 1. Livelihood, Mahābhārata 14, 956. 2. Profession, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajīva (अजीव).—[adjective] lifeless.

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Ājīva (आजीव).—[masculine] vana [neuter], (vikā [feminine]*) livelihood, subsistence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ajīva (अजीव):—[=a-jīva] mfn. lifeless.

2) Ājīva (आजीव):—[=ā-jīva] [from ā-jīv] m. livelihood, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti xi, 63; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] = ājīvika q.v., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajīva (अजीव):—I. [tatpurusha compound] m.

(-vaḥ) 1) Non-existence.

2) Death. E. a neg. and jīva. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-vaḥ-vā-vam) 1) Lifeless, dead. E. a priv. and jīva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ajīva (अजीव):—[a-jīva] (vaḥ) 1. m. Death.

2) Ājīva (आजीव):—[ā-jīva] (vaḥ-vaṃ) 1. m. n. Livelihood.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ajīva (अजीव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ajia, Ajīva, Ājīva, Ājīvaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ajiva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ajīva (अजीव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ajīva.

2) Ājīva (आजीव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ājīva.

2) Ājīva has the following synonyms: Ājīvaga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ajīva (ಅಜೀವ):—[adjective] not having life; non-living; lifeless.

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Ajīva (ಅಜೀವ):—

1) [noun] a non-living thing; that which has no life.

2) [noun] an inert object.

3) [noun] (jain.) the second of the seven principles.

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Ājīva (ಆಜೀವ):—

1) [noun] means of living or of supporting life; subsistence; livelihood.

2) [noun] a Jaina mendicant.

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Ājīva (ಆಜೀವ):—[adverb] till one’s death; lifelong; lasting throughout one’s life.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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