Ajiva, Ājīva, Ajīva: 11 definitions

Introduction

Ajiva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

N (Means of livelihood). Means to earn ones living.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'livelihood'. About right and wrong livelihood., s. sacca (IV. 5) and micchā-magga (5).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Ajīva (अजीव, “soulless”).—What is meant by ajīva (non-living being)? An entity without consciousness is called ajīva.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ājīva : (m.) livelihood; living; subsistence.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ājīva, (ā + jīva; Sk. ājīva) livelihood, mode of living, living, subsistence, D.I, 54; A.III, 124 (parisuddha°); Sn.407 (°ṃ = parisodhayi = micchājīvaṃ hitvā sammājīvaṃ eva pavattayī SnA 382), 617; Pug.51; Vbh.107, 235; Miln.229 (bhinna°); Vism.306 (id.); DhsA.390; Sdhp.342, 375, 392. Esp. frequent in the contrast pair sammā-ājīva & micchā-ā° right mode & wrong mode of gaining a living, e. g. at S.II, 168 sq.; III, 239; V, 9; A.I, 271; II 53, 240, 270; IV, 82; Vbh.105, 246. See also magga (ariyaṭṭhaṅgika).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ajīva (अजीव).—a. [na. ba.] Devoid of life; lifeless, as a jar or a dead person.

-vaḥ [na. ta.]

1) Non-existence, death.

2) (With Jainas) All that is not a living soul, i. e. the whole of जड (jaḍa) or inanimate and unsentient substance (opp. jīva).

--- OR ---

Ājīva (आजीव).—

1) Livelihood, subsistence, maintenance, भवत्याजीवनं तस्मात् (bhavatyājīvanaṃ tasmāt) Pt.1.48; cf. words like रूपाजीव, अजाजीव, शस्त्राजीव, स्त्र्याजीव (rūpājīva, ajājīva, śastrājīva, stryājīva) &c; आजीवनार्थः (ājīvanārthaḥ) Ms.1.79,11.63 means of livelihood; बहुमूलफलो रम्यः स्वाजीवः प्रतिभाति मे (bahumūlaphalo ramyaḥ svājīvaḥ pratibhāti me) Rām.2.56.14.

2) Profession, the means of maintaining oneself; विशुद्ध इदानीमाजीवः (viśuddha idānīmājīvaḥ) Ś.6.

-vaḥ A Jaina beggar.

Derivable forms: ājīvaḥ (आजीवः).

See also (synonyms): ājīvana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ājīva (आजीव).—m., = next: MSV ii.50.1 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajīva (अजीव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Death. 2. Non-existence. mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) 1. Lifeless, dead. E. a neg. and jīva life.

--- OR ---

Ājīva (आजीव).—m.

(-vaḥ) Livelihood, subsistence. E. āṅ before jīva to live, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ajīva (अजीव):—[=a-jīva] mfn. lifeless.

2) Ājīva (आजीव):—[=ā-jīva] [from ā-jīv] m. livelihood, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti xi, 63; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] = ājīvika q.v., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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