Ai, Āī: 8 definitions


Ai means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ai (ऐ).—Diphthong vowel ऐ; composite form of आ (ā) and ए (e), also termed वृद्धि (vṛddhi) in Pāṇini's grammar.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ai (ऐ).—This diphthong means a female sage (yoginī) according to the Agni Purāṇa (Chapter 348 of Agni Purāṇa).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āī (आई).—f (ambā S) A mother. 2 A term of fondness for an infant. āīcēṃ dūdha kīṃ gāyīcēṃ dūdha Used where two courses of action are presented, so similar as to preclude preference or rejection. āījīcyā dōndāvara bāījī udāra Used where one person is generous upon the property of another. ā0 jēvūṃ ghālīnā bāpa bhīka māgūṃ dēīnā Expresses a dilemma or strait; pressure betwixt two difficulties or two authorities. āī tī guravīṇa hōīna naivēdya khāīna Used of an idle female of a household forward enough to devour the prepared meal; a female drone. ēkā āīcīṃ lēṅkarēṃ (Children of one mother.) A term expressing Fraternity or Brotherhood.

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ai (ऐ).—The ninth vowel; corresponding with Ei in height. It is properly a diphthong. It is, in this work, represented by Ai.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āī (आई).—f A mother. āījīcyā dōndāvara bāījī udāra. Used where one person is gener- ous upon the property of another. āī jēṃvū ghālīnā, bāpa bhīka māgū dēīnā A fix, a di- lemma; betwixt two difficulties.

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ai (ऐ).—The twelfth vowel.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ai (ऐ).—(nipāto'bhimukhīkaraṇe) An interjection to attract attention; ऐ वाचं देहि (ai vācaṃ dehi) ...... Bk.6.18.

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Ai (ऐ).—m. Name of Śiva. -ind. An interjection of (1) calling (= Hallo, ho); (2) remembrance; (3) inviting. cf. also ऐः क्रूरो धरणीनाथः पूरो मारोऽमरोऽसुरः । कुलालो राधरः प्राज्ञो मन्दः पुत्रोऽथवा नरः (aiḥ krūro dharaṇīnāthaḥ pūro māro'maro'suraḥ | kulālo rādharaḥ prājño mandaḥ putro'thavā naraḥ) || Enm.

Derivable forms: aiḥ (ऐः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ai (ऐ).—The twelfth vowel of the Nagari alphabet, or more properly a diphthong; corresponding in sound to Ei in height.

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Ai (ऐ).—ind. An interjection of, 1. Remembering, (aye, ha) 2. Calling, summoning, (hola, ho, heigh.)

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Ai (ऐ).—m. (aiḥ) A name of Siva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ai (ऐ).—interj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ai (ऐ):—1. ai the twelfth vowel of the alphabet and having the sound of ei in height.

2) 2. ai ind. an interjection, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

3) a particle of addressing

4) summoning

5) remembering, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) 3. ai m. Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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