Ahnika, Āhnika: 15 definitions


Ahnika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Āhnika (आह्निक) refers to perform one’s morning Sandhyā (“chanting the dīkṣā-mantras given by the Guru”), according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—After performing ācamana, perform one’s morning sandhyā [also called āhnika, the chanting of the dīkṣāmantras given by the guru]. Two daṇḍas, or forty-eight minutes, before sunrise, until the sun is half-visible above the horizon, is the morning sandhyā, and the period from sunset until the stars appear in the sky is the evening sandhyā. Sandhyā is performed facing east in the morning and noon, and facing north in the evening.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Āhnika (आह्निक) refers to a “day”, according to the Piṅgalāmata (verse 10.33-36).—Accordingly, [while describing the pura on a 9-by-9-plan and the 32 padas]—“My dear, at Yama and Gandharva one should make a maṭha with three storeys, two [storeys] or one storey. [These are] the best, middling and least [maṭhas] in turn. That is the place for the Ācārya to sleep, for [prognostication of] auspicious days (iṣṭa-āhnika), triumph, meditation, and the practice of Yoga. [There the teacher] may associate with vīras, sharing vīra food and drink, etc.”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Āhnika (आह्निक) refers to a “day” (of the week), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.114-116, while describing the king’s consecration]—“[...] Then [the Mantrin] should carry out the sacrifice—[which] confers siddhi—within the palace using the method described earlier with abundant oblation, for as long as seven days (saptan-āhnika), O Devi. [The king] then acquires great royal fortune [and an] unconquerable kingdom, as [he] desires. And the king will obtain the siddhis of the earth and sky. Then, the [Mantrin who performs] the nīrājana achieves [for himself] all the very best things, [and] destroys the aforementioned faults. O Devi, this is certain to take place”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (p)

Āhnika (आह्निक) or Āhnikasaṃskāra refers to “domestic observances” and represents one of the principal topics of the Pāñcarātra division of the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas.—The almighty Hari, out of compassion for mankind in general, felt that the Vedas and Śāstras could not be easily grasped and practised by people belonging the diverse communities and cadres, whose potential and comprehension would vary vastly. Hence, he promulgated the Pāñcarātra doctrine [teaching for example domestic observances—āhnika-saṃskāra-vidhi] which is the essence of the Vedas, in a simplified form.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Āhnika (आह्निक) refers to a class of piśāca deities according to the Śvetāmbara tradition of Jainism, while Digambara does not recognize this class. The piśācas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas).

The deities such as the Āhnikas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āhnika (आह्निक).—a. (- f.) [अह्नि भवः, अह्ना निर्वृत्तः साध्यः ठञ् (ahni bhavaḥ, ahnā nirvṛttaḥ sādhyaḥ ṭhañ)]

1) Daily, diurnal, performed every day or on a day; संग्रामाद्वयपयातव्यमेतत्कर्म ममाह्निकम् (saṃgrāmādvayapayātavyametatkarma mamāhnikam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 6.19.27. आह्निकः स्वाध्यायः (āhnikaḥ svādhyāyaḥ) daily course of study; °आचारः (ācāraḥ) daily observances.

2) Employed or occurring every day (as a teacher, servant, or fever).

-kam 1 Any religious rite or duty which is to be performed every day at a fixed hour; अत्राह्निकं सुरश्रेष्ठो जपते (atrāhnikaṃ suraśreṣṭho japate) Mb.

2) Anything to be performed daily, such as taking meals, bathing &c.; प्रभाते काल्यमुत्थाय कृत्वाह्निकमरिंदमः (prabhāte kālyamutthāya kṛtvāhnikamariṃdamaḥ) Rām.7.82.5. कृताह्निकः संवृत्तः (kṛtāhnikaḥ saṃvṛttaḥ) V.4; समुद्रे कृताह्निकः (samudre kṛtāhnikaḥ) Mv.5.

3) Daily food.

4) Daily work or occupation, what may be read on one day.

5) A division of a work (such as that of the Mahābhāṣya).

-candrikā, -dīpikā, -pradīpa, -mañjarī &c. Name of works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ahnīka (अह्नीक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A Baudd'ha mendicant. E. a neg. and hnīka bashful.

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Āhnika (आह्निक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Daily, diurnal, of or belonging to a day. n.

(-kaṃ) 1. Constant occupation, daily work. 2. The division or section of a book. 3. Food. E. ahan a day, and ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āhnika (आह्निक).—i. e. ahan + ika, I. adj. Daily, Mahābhārata 3, 10772. Ii. n. A religious ceremony which must be performed every day, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 25, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āhnika (आह्निक).—[adjective] daily, diurnal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Āhnika (आह्निक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Bik. 354. Bhk. 22. H. 195. Oppert. 5000. Av. B. 144. Ṛv. by Śiromaṇi. Gu. 3. See Ṛgvedāhnika. Sv. Peters. 1, 113. 2, 181. See Chāndogāhnika. Gautama. B. 1, 174. Bp. 296. Hiraṇyak. B. 1, 196.

2) Āhnika (आह्निक):—by Kamalākara. Burnell. 135^b. Oppert. Ii, 2648.
—by Gaṅgādhara. Oudh. Xii, 26.
—by Gopāladeśikācārya. Oppert. 259. 792. 851. 878. 1117. 5496. Ii, 2558. 2904. 3110. 5820. 8820.
—for the followers of Madhva, by Challāri Nṛsiṃha, son of Challāri Nārāyaṇa. Bp. 52. 295.
—by Divākara Bhaṭṭa. Burnell. 136^a. Oppert. Ii, 7496.
—by Balabhadra. Rice. 208.
—by Bhaṭṭoji. [Oudh 1876-1877], 12. Bh. 22. Poona. 163. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 138.
—by Raghunātha, son of Mādhavabhaṭṭa. Burnell. 136^a. Bp. 52. 296.
—by Viṭṭhalācārya. Hall. p. 205.
—by Vaidyanātha Dīkṣita. Oppert. 2226. 3711. 4182. Ii, 3466. 5167. 9705.

3) Āhnika (आह्निक):—Av. read B. 1, 144.

4) Āhnika (आह्निक):—Peters. 4, 5. Stein 84.
—by Vrajarāja (Vallabhamata). Rgb. 280.

5) Āhnika (आह्निक):—by Jñānabhāskara (?). Oudh. Xx, 176. Āhnikasaṃkṣepa by the same. Oudh. Xxi, 106.

6) Āhnika (आह्निक):—by Āpadeva. Cs. 2, 42 (inc.).
—by Kamalākara, son of Rāmakṛṣṇa. Ulwar 1268. Extr. 290.

7) Āhnika (आह्निक):—Baudh. by Viśvapati Bhaṭṭa. Cs. 2, 27.

8) Āhnika (आह्निक):—by Gaṅgādhara. Peters. 5, 78.

Āhnika has the following synonyms: Ācāratilaka.

9) Āhnika (आह्निक):—[dharma] [anonymous] Ak 335 (inc.). Peters. 6, 60. Śg. 2, 179.
—by Ānanda, son of Prabhākara. Cs 2, 307 (inc.).
—by Gopāladeśika. Bc 168.
—from Bhaṭṭoji’s Caturviṃśatimataṭīkā. As p. 27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āhnika (आह्निक):—[from āhna] mfn. performed or occurring in the day-time, diurnal, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] performed or done or occurring every day, daily, [Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] n. a religious ceremony to be performed every day at a fixed hour, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a day’s work

5) [v.s. ...] what may be read on one day

6) [v.s. ...] division or chapter of a book

7) [v.s. ...] constant occupation, daily work

8) [v.s. ...] daily food etc., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of several works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āhnika (आह्निक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Constant occupation. a. Belonging to a day.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ahnika in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āhnika (ಆಹ್ನಿಕ):—[adjective] of every day; done, to be done, happening, published, every day; daily.

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Āhnika (ಆಹ್ನಿಕ):—

1) [noun] any of the religious rites to be performed at the appointed hour every day.

2) [noun] a work or job pursued daily.

3) [noun] the regular meal.

4) [noun] that much portion of a book that can be read in a single day.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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