Aharya, Āhārya, Ahārya: 17 definitions


Aharya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Āhārya (आहार्य) refers to “costumes and make-up” and forms a part of abhinaya (techniques of representation), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. Abhinaya is used in communicating the meaning of the drama (nāṭya) and calling forth the sentiment (rasa).

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style (natya)

Āharya (आहर्य) or āharyābhinaya refers to the first of four categories of abhinaya (histrionic representation). Āharya deals with costumes, ornaments, make-up and decorations. Abhinaya is the imitation of the thing seen by self or is an expression of sentiment experienced by oneself.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Āhārya (आहार्य) or Āhāryābhinaya refers to one of the four divisions of Abhinaya or “ways to convey or represent one’s emotion to others” (in Sanskrit Drama), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Abhinaya (“acting”) is of four varieties, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa. Āhārya-abhinaya is conveyed by decoration or ornamentation. In the Nāṭyaśāstra, it is said that the entire production of a play depends on āhārya-abhinaya and the extraneous representation deals with the rules of costumes and make-up. Till today, this process is followed and the actors go for their make-up in the greenroom which is generally situated in the back stage.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Āhārya (आहार्य).—An Aṅgirasa and a mantrakṛt1 Father of Urukṣava.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 109: Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 100.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 49. 38.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Ahārya (अहार्य) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Ahārya], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āhārya (आहार्य).—a S (To be brought.) Assumed, feigned, brought or taken up hypothetically; conceived or supposed (with implication of falseness or error).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āhārya (आहार्य).—a Assumed, feigned, supposed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ahārya (अहार्य).—a.

1) Not to be stolen, removed, or taken away; अहार्यं व्राह्मणद्रव्यं राज्ञां नित्यमिति स्थितिः (ahāryaṃ vrāhmaṇadravyaṃ rājñāṃ nityamiti sthitiḥ) Manusmṛti 9.189.

2) Not to be won over (by fraud), devoted, loyal; Manusmṛti 7.217.

3) Firm, unflinching, inexorable; °:निश्चया (niścayā) Daśakumāracarita 41. विमुच्य साऽऽहारमहार्यनिश्चया (vimucya sā''hāramahāryaniścayā) Kumārasambhava 5.8. °विक्रम (vikrama) a. Bhāgavata 3.18.2.

-ryaḥ A mountain; °tā, -tvam not being liable to be taken away, security; सर्वद्रव्येषु विद्यैव द्रव्यमाहुरनुत्तमम् । अहार्यत्वात् (sarvadravyeṣu vidyaiva dravyamāhuranuttamam | ahāryatvāt)... H. Pr.4.

See also (synonyms): aharaṇīya.

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Āhārya (आहार्य).—pot. p.

1) To be taken or seized. अनीहया गताहार्यनिर्वर्तितनिजक्रियः (anīhayā gatāhāryanirvartitanijakriyaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.86.14.

2) To be fetched or brought near.

3) To be extracted or removed.

4) To be pervaded (vyāpya).

5) Artificial, adventitious, incidental, external, accessary; आहार्यशोभारहितैरमायैः (āhāryaśobhārahitairamāyaiḥ) Bk. 2.14; न रम्यमाहार्यमपेक्षते गुणम् (na ramyamāhāryamapekṣate guṇam) Kirātārjunīya 4.23; निसर्गसुभगस्य किमा- हार्यकाडम्बरेण (nisargasubhagasya kimā- hāryakāḍambareṇa) Malli. on Kumārasambhava 7.2.

6) Purposed, intended (as for instance, the identification or āropa of upamāna or upameya in rūpaka of which the speaker is fully cognisant); अयं चन्द्रो मुखमित्यादौ चन्द्रभिन्ने मुखे चन्द्राभेदज्ञानं तच्चाहार्यमेव (ayaṃ candro mukhamityādau candrabhinne mukhe candrābhedajñānaṃ taccāhāryameva) Tv.

7) Conveyed or effected by decoration or ornamentation, one of the 4 kinds of अभिनय (abhinaya) q. v.

8) To be eaten.

9) To be worshipped (as Agni).

-ryaḥ A kind of bandage (bandha).

-ryam 1 Any disease to be treated by means of extracting.

2) Extraction.

3) A vessel.

4) The ornamentative part of the drama, such as dress, decoration &c.

-śobhā Adventitious beauty (not natural).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ahārya (अहार्य) or Ahāryya.—mfn.

(-ryaḥ-ryā-ryaṃ) Not to be stolen or taken away. m.

(-ryaḥ) A mountain. E. a neg. and hārya future part. of hṛñ to take or convey.

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Āhārya (आहार्य) or Āhāryya.—mfn.

(-ryaḥ-ryā-ryaṃ) 1. Adventitious, accessary, incidental. 2. To be taken or seized. 3. To be eaten. m.

(-ryaḥ) The ornamentative part of the drama, the dress, decorations, &c. E. āṅ before hṛñ to convey, ṇyat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ahārya (अहार्य).—not to be taken or stolen; unalterable, incorruptible.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ahārya (अहार्य):—[=a-hārya] [from a-hara] mfn. not to be stolen, not to be removed, [Manu-smṛti ix, 189]

2) [v.s. ...] unalterable (as a resolution or the mind etc.), [Mahābhārata v, 953; Kumāra-sambhava v, 8; Daśakumāra-carita] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] not to be bribed, [Manu-smṛti vii, 217; Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a mountain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a king, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) Āhārya (आहार्य):—[=ā-hārya] [from ā-hṛ] mfn. to be taken or seized

7) [v.s. ...] to be fetched or brought near, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti]

8) [v.s. ...] to be extracted or removed, [Suśruta]

9) [v.s. ...] to be taken or eaten

10) [v.s. ...] what may be removed, adventitious, accessory, incidental, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of bandage, [Suśruta]

12) [v.s. ...] n. any disease to be treated by the operation of extracting

13) [v.s. ...] extraction, [Suśruta]

14) [v.s. ...] a vessel, [Atharva-veda ix, 1, 23; 6, 18]

15) [v.s. ...] the decorative part of a drama (the press, decorations, etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ahārya (अहार्य):—[a-hārya] (ryyaḥ-ryya-ryyaṃ) a. Not to be stolen. m. A mountain.

2) Āhārya (आहार्य):—(ryyaḥ) 1. m. Ornamentative part of a drama. a. Adventitious.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āhārya (आहार्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āhārima.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aharya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āhārya (आहार्य) [Also spelled ahary]:—(a) consumable, eatables; artificial (as [abhinaya]).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ahārya (ಅಹಾರ್ಯ):—[adjective] that cannot be snatched away plundered or robbed of.

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Ahārya (ಅಹಾರ್ಯ):—[noun] a mountain.

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Āhārya (ಆಹಾರ್ಯ):—[noun] (dance) expression of the feelings more by the costumes that are used for the purpose.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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