Aharya, aka: Āhārya, Ahārya; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Aharya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Āhārya (आहार्य) refers to “costumes and make-up” and forms a part of abhinaya (techniques of representation), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. Abhinaya is used in communicating the meaning of the drama (nāṭya) and calling forth the sentiment (rasa).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Āharya (आहर्य) or āharyābhinaya refers to the first of four categories of abhinaya (histrionic representation). Āharya deals with costumes, ornaments, make-up and decorations. Abhinaya is the imitation of the thing seen by self or is an expression of sentiment experienced by oneself.

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Aharya in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Āhārya (आहार्य).—An Aṅgirasa and a mantrakṛt1 Father of Urukṣava.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 109: Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 100.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 49. 38.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Ahārya (अहार्य) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Ahārya], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

āhārya (आहार्य).—a S (To be brought.) Assumed, feigned, brought or taken up hypothetically; conceived or supposed (with implication of falseness or error).

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āhārya (आहार्य).—a Assumed, feigned, supposed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ahārya (अहार्य).—a.

1) Not to be stolen, removed, or taken away; अहार्यं व्राह्मणद्रव्यं राज्ञां नित्यमिति स्थितिः (ahāryaṃ vrāhmaṇadravyaṃ rājñāṃ nityamiti sthitiḥ) Ms.9.189.

2) Not to be won over (by fraud), devoted, loyal; Ms.7.217.

3) Firm, unflinching, inexorable; °:निश्चया (niścayā) Dk.41. विमुच्य साऽऽहारमहार्यनिश्चया (vimucya sā''hāramahāryaniścayā) Ku.5.8. °विक्रम (vikrama) a. Bhāg.3.18.2.

-ryaḥ A mountain; °tā, -tvam not being liable to be taken away, security; सर्वद्रव्येषु विद्यैव द्रव्यमाहुरनुत्तमम् । अहार्यत्वात् (sarvadravyeṣu vidyaiva dravyamāhuranuttamam | ahāryatvāt)... H. Pr.4.

See also (synonyms): aharaṇīya.

--- OR ---

Āhārya (आहार्य).—pot. p.

1) To be taken or seized. अनीहया गताहार्यनिर्वर्तितनिजक्रियः (anīhayā gatāhāryanirvartitanijakriyaḥ) Bhāg.1.86.14.

2) To be fetched or brought near.

3) To be extracted or removed.

4) To be pervaded (vyāpya).

5) Artificial, adventitious, incidental, external, accessary; आहार्यशोभारहितैरमायैः (āhāryaśobhārahitairamāyaiḥ) Bk. 2.14; न रम्यमाहार्यमपेक्षते गुणम् (na ramyamāhāryamapekṣate guṇam) Ki.4.23; निसर्गसुभगस्य किमा- हार्यकाडम्बरेण (nisargasubhagasya kimā- hāryakāḍambareṇa) Malli. on Ku.7.2.

6) Purposed, intended (as for instance, the identification or āropa of upamāna or upameya in rūpaka of which the speaker is fully cognisant); अयं चन्द्रो मुखमित्यादौ चन्द्रभिन्ने मुखे चन्द्राभेदज्ञानं तच्चाहार्यमेव (ayaṃ candro mukhamityādau candrabhinne mukhe candrābhedajñānaṃ taccāhāryameva) Tv.

7) Conveyed or effected by decoration or ornamentation, one of the 4 kinds of अभिनय (abhinaya) q. v.

8) To be eaten.

9) To be worshipped (as Agni).

-ryaḥ A kind of bandage (bandha).

-ryam 1 Any disease to be treated by means of extracting.

2) Extraction.

3) A vessel.

4) The ornamentative part of the drama, such as dress, decoration &c.

-śobhā Adventitious beauty (not natural).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Aharaniya
Aharaṇīya (अहरणीय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Not to be taken away. E. a neg. haraṇīya to be taken.
Abhyaharya
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