Aguna, Aguṇa: 13 definitions
Aguna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Aguṇa (अगुण) refers to “one who is devoid of attributes”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to the seven Sages: “[...] O excellent sages, what you have just spoken shall be interpreted in another way. I shall explain it in brief. When you glorify Viṣṇu as the abode of noble qualities or as a sportive deity I do not contradict. As to your statement that Sadāśiva is devoid of attributes [i.e., aguṇa] I shall tell you the reason. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Destitute of attributes (referring to God).
2) Having no good qualities, worthless; अगुणोऽ यमकोशः (aguṇo' yamakośaḥ) M.3, गुणयुक्तो दरिद्रोऽपि नेश्वरैरगुणैः समः (guṇayukto daridro'pi neśvarairaguṇaiḥ samaḥ) || Mṛcchakaṭika 4. 22.
-ṇaḥ [na. ta.] A fault, defect, demerit, vice; तद्वः सर्वं प्रवक्ष्यामि प्रसवे च गुणागुणान् (tadvaḥ sarvaṃ pravakṣyāmi prasave ca guṇāguṇān) Manusmṛti 3.22; गुणागुणज्ञ (guṇāguṇajña) knowing merit and demerit; लोभश्चेदगुणेन किम् (lobhaścedaguṇena kim) Bhartṛhari 2.55; अगुणेषु तस्य धियमस्तवतः (aguṇeṣu tasya dhiyamastavataḥ) Kirātārjunīya 6.21. vices;
-ṇam 1 Absolution (mokṣa, kaivalya); धर्मादयः किमगुणेन च काङ्क्षितेन (dharmādayaḥ kimaguṇena ca kāṅkṣitena) Bhāg. 7.6.25.
2) Supreme Being (parabrahma).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaḥ) A defect, a fault. mfn.
(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Void of good qualities, bad. 2. Void of attributes. E. a neg. guṇa qualities.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aguṇa (अगुण).—m. a bad property, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 22.
Aguṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and guṇa (गुण).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aguṇa (अगुण).—[adjective] having no qualities or virtues. worthless; [masculine] bad quality. vice.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Aguṇa (अगुण):—[=a-guṇa] mfn. destitute of qualities or attributes (said of the supreme Being cf. nirguṇa)
2) [v.s. ...] destitute of good qualities
3) [v.s. ...] m. a fault.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aguṇa (अगुण):—I. [tatpurusha compound] m.
(-ṇaḥ) A defect, a fault. E. a neg. and guṇa. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.
(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇam) 1) Void of attributes.
2) Void of good qualities, bad. E. a priv. and guṇa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Aguṇa (अगुण):—[a-guṇa] (ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a. Defective, of bad quality; 1. m. A fault.
2) [(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a.] Without qualities (God).Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Aguṇa (अगुण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aguṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Aguṇa (अगुण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Aguṇa.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Aguṇa (ಅಗುಣ):—[adjective] destitute of attributes, qualities or characters.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+186): Adaguna, Adagunabadaguna, Adelaguna, Adhikaguna, Adhyatmaguna, Adrishtaguna, Aishvaryaguna, Akaraguna, Akhilaguna, Akshayaguna, Alpaguna, Amgaguna, Amitaguna, Amoghaguna, Amritaguna, Amurtaguna, Anantaguna, Anaupamyaguna, Anekaguna, Animdyaguna.
Search found 26 books and stories containing Aguna, Aguṇa, A-guna, A-guṇa; (plurals include: Agunas, Aguṇas, gunas, guṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vaisheshika-sutra with Commentary (by Nandalal Sinha)
Sūtra 1.1.17 (Characteristics of Action) < [Chapter 1 - Of Substance, Attribute, and Action]
Sūtra 2.1.25 (Sound not an Attribute of tangible things) < [Chapter 1 - Of Earth, Waters, Fire, Air, and Ether]
The Markandeya Purana (Study) (by Chandamita Bhattacharya)
Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana (by Gaurapada Dāsa)
Text 8.1 < [Chapter 8 - Literary Qualities]
Text 8.3 < [Chapter 8 - Literary Qualities]
Text 8.27 < [Chapter 8 - Literary Qualities]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 39 - Kings of the solar race (sūryavaṃśa) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 1 - The inquiry of the sages < [Section 2.1 - Rudra-saṃhitā (1): Sṛśṭi-khaṇḍa]
Nyaya-Vaisheshika categories (Study) (by Diptimani Goswami)