Agrahana, Agrahaṇa: 9 definitions


Agrahana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Agrahaṇa (अग्रहण).—Non-inclusion, non-comprehension. cf. विभक्तौ लिङ्गविशिष्टाग्रहणम् (vibhaktau liṅgaviśiṣṭāgrahaṇam) Par. Śekh. Par. 72, M. Bh. VII. 1.1 Vart. 13.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Agrahana in Nyaya glossary
Source: A Critical Edition of the Khyāti Section of the Nyāyamañjarī

Agrahaṇa (अग्रहण) refers to the “non-grasping” (of the distinction between an original fresh experience and a recollection)”, as discussed in the Khyāti Section of the 9th century Nyāyamañjarī (composed in Kashmir by Bhaṭṭa Jayanta) which represents an ontological, epistemological and linguistic study of classical Indian philosophy.—[...] Jayanta then explains the theory of akhyāti (§1.3) with its famous notions such as smṛtipramoṣa (§1.3.4, loss of recollection-identity) and viveka-agrahaṇa (non-grasping of the distinction between an original fresh experience and a recollection).

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Agrahana in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Agrahaṇa (अग्रहण) refers to the “refusal of legitimate gifts”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] It has been said that there are eighteen addictions. These are the outcome of the desire for earthly enjovments. [...] Abuse of money is (a) want of discrimination in accepting and making gifts; (b) refusal of legitimate gifts (agrahaṇa); (c) making gifts to undeserving persons; (d) ruinous charity, and (e) resumption of charities. This should be practised with caution by trusted emissaries in an enemy’s country. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Agrahaṇa (अग्रहण) refers to “(that which is) not to be entangled (in any dharma)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What then, son of good family, is the recollection of renunciation (tyāga-anusmṛti), which is authorized by the Lord for the sake of the Bodhisattvas? What we called renunciation (tyāga) is to abandon and renounce any material thing. Why is that? There is not any dharma that is to be renounced, and any dharma to be renounced does not appear. That which is not to be entangled in any dharma (sarvadharma-agrahaṇa) is the highest renunciation. That which is not entangled is without renunciation That which is without renunciation is without haughtiness. That which is without haughtiness is without apprehending. That which is without apprehending is without [mental] activity. That which is without [mental] activity is without information by thinking. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agrahaṇa (अग्रहण):—[=a-grahaṇa] [from a-grabhaṇa] n. not meaning, [Paribhāṣendu-śekhara]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. not afflicted by disease, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Agrahaṇa (अग्रहण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aggahaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Agrahana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Agrahaṇa (ಅಗ್ರಹಣ):—[noun] (phil.) want of spiritual knowledge.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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