Aggi Bhagava, Aggi-bhagavā: 1 definition

Introduction:

Aggi Bhagava means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Aggi Bhagava in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A deity (probably identical with the Vedic Agni), worship of whom brought, as reward, birth in the Brahma world. On the day a son is born, a fire (jataggi) is kindled; when the son comes of age and wishes to renounce household life, this fire is taken to the forest and homage is paid to Aggi Bhagava (J.i.285).

In the Nanguttha Jataka (J.i.494-5) the Bodhisatta, having received an ox as a gift, wishes to offer the flesh to Aggi Bhagava, but thinking that the deity will not relish a salt less meal, he goes away in search of salt. He returns to find that the ox has been eaten by hunters, only the tail, one leg and the skin being left. If thou, Aggi Bhagava, hast not the power to look after thine own, how canst thou guard me? So saying, he quenches the fire with water and becomes an anchorite. In the verses of this context Aggi is addressed as Jataveda.

In the Santhava Jataka (J.ii.43-5), too, the Bodhisatta is a votary of the deity. Once when he makes an offering of milk mixed with ghee the flames blaze forth and burn his hut, and thereupon he loses faith. In this story Aggi Bhagava seems to be identified with Maha Brahma. See also KS.i.209, n.4.

In the exegesis to the Bhuridatta Jataka (J.vi.202), the deity is spoken of as Aggideva, and mention is made of an enquiry made of learned brahmins by a king, Mujalinda, as to the way to heaven. In answer he is told that Aggideva is the brahmanadevata par excellence, and that he should be offered fresh ghee. See also Jataveda.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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