Agarin, Agārin: 6 definitions


Agarin means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Agārin (अगारिन्, “householder”) or Agārī according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.19, “the ‘householder’ and the ‘homeless ascetic’ are the two kinds of votaries”. What is meant by householder /laity (agārin) or votary with a home? Those who have not given up the home are called householder votary or votary with homes.

A householder (agārin) does not observe vows completely. Why he then is called a votary (vrati) also? Like a person who lives in a small part of a city is called a city dweller; similarly a person who observes vows even in a small manner is called a votary.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Agārin, (adj.) (fr. agāra) one who has or inhabits a house, a householder Sn.376, Th.I, 1009; J.III, 234. — f. agārinī a housewife Vv 527 (= gehassāmmī VvA.225); Pv III, 43 (id. PvA.194). (Page 3)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agārin (अगारिन्):—[from agāra] mfn. possessing a house

2) [v.s. ...] m. a house holder, layman (cf an-agārin), [Jaina literature]

3) Āgarin (आगरिन्):—m. Name of a mixed caste, [Brahma-purāṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Agārin (अगारिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Agāri, Gāri.

[Sanskrit to German]

Agarin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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