Agantuka, Āgantuka, Agamtuka: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Agantuka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Āgantuka (आगन्तुक).—lit. adventitious, an additional wording generally at the end of roots to show distinctly their form e.g. वदि, एधि, सर्ति (vadi, edhi, sarti) etc.; cf. इन्धिभवतिभ्यां च (indhibhavatibhyāṃ ca) P I.2.6: cf. also भावलक्षणे स्थेण्कृञ्वदिचरिहृतभिजनि-भ्यस्तोमुन् (bhāvalakṣaṇe stheṇkṛñvadicarihṛtabhijani-bhyastomun), P.III.4.16, सृपिवृदो (sṛpivṛdo). कसुन् (kasun) P. III.4.17 and a number of other sūtras where इ (i) or तिं (tiṃ) is added to the root cf. इक्श्तिपौ धातुनिर्देशे, वर्णा-त्कारः, रादिफः (ikśtipau dhātunirdeśe, varṇā-tkāraḥ, rādiphaḥ) P.III.3.108 Vārt. 2.3. 4, where such appendages to be added to the roots or letters are given. The word आगन्तु (āgantu) is an old word used in the Nirukta, but the term आगन्तुक (āgantuka) appears to be used for the first time for such forms by Haradatta; cf. ह्वरोरिति ह्वृ कौटिल्ये, आगन्तुकेकारे गुणेन निर्देशः (hvaroriti hvṛ kauṭilye, āgantukekāre guṇena nirdeśaḥ) Padamañjarī on VII.2.31. In the traditional oral explanations the second part of a reduplicated word is termed आगन्तुक (āgantuka) which is placed second i. e. after the original by virtue of the convention आगन्तू-नामन्ते निवेशः (āgantū-nāmante niveśaḥ), although in fact, it is said to possess the sense of the root in contrast with the first which is called abhyāsa.A nice distinction can, however be drawn between the four kinds of adventitious wordings found in grammar viz.आगन्तु, इत्, अभ्यास (āgantu, it, abhyāsa) and आगम (āgama) which can be briefly stated as follows; The former two do not form a regular part of the word and are not found in the actual use of the word; besides, they do not possess any sense, while the latter two are found in actual use and they are possessed of sense. Again the agantu word is simply used for facility of understanding exactly and correctly the previous word which is really wanted; the इत् (it) wording, besides serving this purpose, is of use in causing some grammatical operations. अभ्यास (abhyāsa), is the first part of the wording which is wholly repeated and it possesses no sense by itself, while, āgama which is added to the word either at the beginning or at the end or inserted in the middle, forms a part of the word and possesses the sense of the word.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Āgantuka (आगन्तुक) refers to an “accidental (idea)”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21.—Accordingly, “When some matter being taken in hand (lit. already thought about), another matter of similar nature (lit. characteristics) is suggested through an accidental idea (āgantuka-bhāva), it is called Episode Indication. The First Episode Indication The sudden development of a novel meaning due to an indirect suggestion, is called the First Episode Indication [...]”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A banker of Savatthi. He was rich, but he neither enjoyed his wealth himself nor gave it to others; he ate rice dust with sour gruel, wore coarse clothes and went about in an old chariot with a parasol of leaves over his head. After death he was born in Roruva niraya.

He died heirless and it took seven days and seven nights for the kings men to remove his wealth to the royal treasury.

In reply to a question of Pasenadi, the Buddha revealed why Agantuka had been a miser: in a past birth, while going to the kings court, he had met the Pacceka Buddha Tagarasikhi begging for alms and had ordered his servant to give the food prepared for himself (Agantuka) to the Pacceka Buddha. On his way back, seeing the Pacceka Buddha returning with the excellent food from the merchants house in his alms bowl, he wished he had distributed it among his own servants instead, as they would have done some work in return (J.iii.199-300).

The reason for Agantuka being heirless is related in the Mayhaka Jataka.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Āgantuka (आगन्तुक) refers to “one who gas come from afar”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—Accordingly, “Furthermore, the reward (vipāka) attributed to generosity increases in the following cases:—[...] When the gift is made at the appropriate time (kāladāna). The Buddha said: “Giving to the one who is going afar (gamika), giving to the one who gas come from afar (āgantuka), giving to the sick (glāna), giving to the care-giver (glānopasthāyaka), giving during difficult times of wind (vātalikā) or cold (śītalikā): these are gifts given at the desired time (kāladāna). [...]”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Āgantuka (आगन्तुक) refers to “accidental”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Gaganagañja said to Ratnapāṇi: “Son of good family, those sixty-four dharmas are included in one hundred twenty-eight dharmas. What are those one hundred twenty-four? [...] 5) striving for the dharma is included in fulfilling one’s own promises and having no regret of others; (6) being interested in the dharma is included in being inclined towards the dharma and inclination towards the dharma; (7) the beautiful appearance is included in the absence of sleepiness or bewilderment; (8) the beautiful mind is included in noble birth and eliminating the accidental vices (āgantuka-kleśa-prahāṇa); [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Agantuka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āgantuka : (3) guest; new-comer; stranger.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āgantuka, (adj.-n.) (āgantu + ka; cp. BSk. āgantuka in same meaning as P. viz. āgantukā bhikṣavaḥ Av. Ś I.87, 286; Divy 50) — 1. coming, arriving, new comer, guest, stranger, esp. a newly arrived bhikkhu; a visitor (opp. gamika one who goes away) Vin.I, 132, 167; II, 170; III, 65, 181; IV, 24, A.I, 10; III, 41, 366; J.VI, 333; Ud.25; DhA.II, 54, 74; VvA.24; PvA.54. — 2. adventitions, incidental (= āgantu1) Miln.304 (of megha & roga). ‹-› 3. accessory, superimposed, added Vism.195.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āgantuka (आगंतुक).—a (S) Accidental, incidental, adventitious. 2 That is not a fixed resident; a sojourner, passenger, pilgrim, stranger. 3 One that drops in uninvited, or one arriving accidentally, at entertainments or meals. 4 In vulgar ignorance. Sudden or suddenly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

agāntūka (अगांतूक).—An uninvited guest, a loafer.

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āgantuka (आगंतुक).—a Accidental. A sojourner.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āgantuka (आगन्तुक).—a. (-kā, -kī f.)

1) Coming of one's own accord, arriving uninvited; आगन्तुका वयम् (āgantukā vayam) Dhūrtas.

2) Stray (as an animal); Y.2.163.

3) Incidental, accidental, adventitious; इत्यागन्तुका विकाराः (ityāgantukā vikārāḥ) Aśval.

4) Interpolated, spurious (as a reading), having crept in without authority; अगन्धवद्गन्धमादनमित्यागन्तुकः पाठः (agandhavadgandhamādanamityāgantukaḥ pāṭhaḥ) Malli, on Kumārasambhava 6.46.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgantuka (आगन्तुक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kī-kaṃ) 1. Incidental, adventitious. (as pleasure, pain, ornament, &c.) 2. Stray. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A stranger, a new comer. 2. A guest. E. āgantu and kan affix, what comes and goes: what is not inseparably inherent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgantuka (आगन्तुक).—[āgantu + ka]. I. adj. 1. Arriving. 2. Incidental. Ii. m. 1. A stranger, [Hitopadeśa] 70, 12. 2. An estray (Jur.), [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 163. 3. A vagabond, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgantuka (आगन्तुक).—[adjective] & [masculine] the same ([abstract] *).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āgantuka (आगन्तुक):—[from ā-gam] mfn. anything added or adhering, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] incidental, accidental, adventitious (as pleasure, pain, ornament, etc.), [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] Viṣṇus.

4) [v.s. ...] arriving of one’s own accord, stray (as cattle), [Yājñavalkya ii, 163]

5) [v.s. ...] interpolated (said of a various reading which has crept into the text without authority) [commentator or commentary] on [Kumāra-sambhava vi, 46]

6) [v.s. ...] m. a new comer, stranger, guest, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Hitopadeśa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgantuka (आगन्तुक):—[ā-gantuka] (kaḥ-kā-kī-kaṃ) a. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āgantuka (आगन्तुक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āgaṃtuga, Agaṃtuya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Agantuka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āgaṃtuka (ಆಗಂತುಕ):—[adjective] = ಆಗಂತು [agamtu]1.

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Āgaṃtuka (ಆಗಂತುಕ):—

1) [noun] a new comer; an outsider; a stranger.

2) [noun] a guest or a visitor arrived without being expected.

3) [noun] an unexpected or unbudgetted revenue of a state from a tax.

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Āgāṃtuka (ಆಗಾಂತುಕ):—[noun] a man arrived without being expected.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Agantuka in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Āgantuka (आगन्तुक):—n. guest; harbinger; a stranger; new-comer;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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