Advaya: 17 definitions


Advaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Advaya (अद्वय) refers to “non-dual”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “O beloved, one should recollect that you and I are present in the Six Wheels by means of special, individual meditations [i.e., pṛthak-dhyāna-viśeṣaṇa] beginning with the one without form. The supreme form is flawless, pervasive and facing everywhere.  It can be perceived as the bliss of contemplation, the mark of which is supreme bliss. Free of the qualities of form and the rest and devoid of limiting adjuncts and meditation—this, O fair one, is the non-dual [i.e., advayaadvayedaṃ] vision of you directly apparent. [...]”.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Advaya (अद्वय) or Advayatantra refers to one of the thirty-three Dakṣiṇatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Advaya-tantra belonging to the Dakṣiṇa class.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Advaya (अद्वय) refers to “without a second”, and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.10. Accordingly as Viṣṇu said to Brahmā:—“[...] He cannot be defined. He is not subject to deterioration or decay. He is the supreme soul, without a second (advaya), unswerving and endless. He is the cause of dissolution, all-pervasive and great lord”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Advaya (अद्वय) refers to “non-duality”, According to Vajrayāna or Tibetan Buddhism.—The Bodhi mind (bodhicitta) is of the nature of Śūnya and the deity is a manifestation of Śūnya and, therefore, both have the same origin. But to realise that the two are the same requires perfect knowledge. Continuous meditation and austerities enable the worshipper to shed the veil of ignorance which makes one thing appear as two. The Bodhi mind is further called Karuṇā (compassion) and the ultimate reality as Śūnyatā, and when the two commingle, it is called Advaya or non-duality.

As copper leaves its dirty colour (and become gold) when it comes in contact with the magic tincture (of alchemy), even so, the body leaves off its attachment, hatred, etc. when it comes in contact with the tincture of Advaya. This Advaya is a form of cognition where the Bodhi mind (bodhicitta) commingles with Śūnya and becomes one with it. To symbolize this principle Vajrayāna brought in the conception of the Yab-yum form of deities in which the deity appears locked in close embrace with his Śakti or the female counterpart.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Advaya (अद्वय) refers to “non-duality”, according to the Madhyamakaśāstra.—Accordingly, “[...] If there were something non-empty, There should be something empty; But if the non-empty does not exist, How would the empty exist? The fool (bāla) who sees the non-empty; Then sees the empty as well. Not having positive views (dṛṣṭi) or negative views (adṛṣṭi); Is truly ‘nirvāṇa’. Non-duality (advaya), the gates of security (yogakṣema), The destruction of wrong views, The domain surveyed by the Buddhas, That is the ‘doctrine of Anātman’”

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Advaya (अद्वय) refers to “that which is without duality”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “Śāriputra, the Tathāgata Ekaratnavyūha, seating in the lion’s throne thus, explained the dharma-seal called Gaganapariśuddhi to these Bodhisattvas, which has thirty-two aspects of entrance. What is this Dharma-seal (dharmamudrā) called Gaganapariśuddhi which has thirty-two aspects of entrance? [...] 3) all dharmas are without cognition as they are invisible (adṛśya); 4) all dharmas are invisible since they lack causes and objects (hetvālambana); 5) all dharmas lack objects since they are calm (upaśānta-lakṣaṇa); 6) all dharmas are clam since they are without duality (advaya); [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Advaya (अद्वय).—a. [nāsti dvayaṃ yasya]

1) Not two.

2) Without a second, unique; sole; अद्वयं ब्रह्म (advayaṃ brahma) Ved. Sūtra.

-yaḥ [advayaṃ vijñānābhedaḥ padārthānām astyasya vādakatvena astyarthe ac] Name of Buddha

-yam [na. ta.] Non-duality, unity, identity; especially of Brahman and the universe, or of spirit and matter; the highest truth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Advaya (अद्वय).—nt., non-duality, as designation of the Buddhist doctrine. In Mahāvyutpatti 1717 advayam (Tibetan gñis su med pa, non-duality) is listed among paramārtha-paryāyāḥ, synonyms for the true doctrine; advayasaṃjñā udapāsi Mahāvastu i.237.14, consciousness of non-duality arose in him (so that he resolved to become a Buddha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Advaya (अद्वय).—m.

(-yaḥ) A Bauddha. E. a neg. dvaya two.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Advaya (अद्वय).—adj. without a second, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 204, 10.

— Cf. .

Advaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and dvaya (द्वय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Advaya (अद्वय).—[adjective] without a second, unique.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Advaya (अद्वय):—[=a-dvaya] mfn. not two without a second, only, unique

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Buddha

3) [v.s. ...] n. non-duality, unity

4) [v.s. ...] identity (especially the identity of Brahma, with the human soul or with the universe, or of spirit and matter)

5) [v.s. ...] the ultimate truth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Advaya (अद्वय):—I. [tatpurusha compound] n.

(-yam) 1) Not duality, unity.

2) The identity of Brahman (n.) and the Universe or of the divine essence and the human soul; the real truth. E. a neg. and dvaya. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-yaḥ-yā-yam) Without a second, only, alone; esp. in the neuter as an epithet of Brahman (n.) which is not distinct from the Universe. 2. m.

(-yaḥ) A name of Buddha (acc. to a commentary, because wisdom and object of wisdom are identical with him). E. a priv. and dvaya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Advaya (अद्वय):—[a-dvaya] (yaḥ) 1. m. A Bauddha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Advaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Advaya (ಅದ್ವಯ):—

1) [adjective] not being two.

2) [adjective] being one and one only.

3) [adjective] being second to none; unique.

--- OR ---

Advaya (ಅದ್ವಯ):—

1) [noun] = ಅದ್ವಯವಾದ [advayavada].

2) [noun] the highest or ultimate truth.

3) [noun] (phil.) the Soul.

4) [noun] (phil.) the Supreme being.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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