Adu, aka: Ādu, Adū, Āḍū; 8 Definition(s)


Adu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Ādu (“goat”) refers to a type of animal form, representing one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The animals and birds found as vehicles for the deities or held as attributes or weapons in the hands of the deities are, for example, Ādu.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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India history and geogprahy

Adu (sheep) refers to a type of “privilege” applied to certain divisions of the Nambutiris. Adu refers to the right of performing holy sacrifices. The Nambutiri people form the socio-spiritual aristocracy of Malabar, and, as the traditional landlords of Parasu Rama’s land, they are everywhere held in great reverence.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

adu : (nt.) (of amu), such and such a thing. || ādu (ind.), or; but.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Adu, (or ādu) (indecl.) (perhaps identical with aduṃ, nt. of pron. asu) part. of affirmation: even, yea, nay; always in emphatic exclamations Vv 622 (= udāhu VvA.258; v. l. SS. ādu) = Pv IV.317 (ādu) = DhA.I, 31 (T. ādu, v. l. adu); Vv 631 (v. l. ādu); J.V, 330 (T. ādu, C. adu; expld. on p. 331 fantastically as aduñ ca aduñ ca kammaṃ karohī ti). See also ādu. (Page 26)

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Ādu, (indecl.) (see also adu) emphatic (adversative) part. (1) of affirmation & emphasis: but, indeed, rather J.III, 499 = VI, 443; V, 180; VI, 552. — (2) as 2nd component of a disjunctive question, mostly in corresponsion udāhu . . . ādu (= kiṃ . . . udāhu SnA 350), viz. is it so . . . or” Th.1, 1274 = Sn.354; Pv IV.317 = DhA.I, 31; J.V, 384; VI, 382; without udāhu at J.V, 460 (adu). The close connection with udāhu suggests an expln. of ādu as a somehow distorted abbreviation of udāhu. (Page 99)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

aḍū (अडू).—a P (aḍa) Obstinate, stubborn, esp. stu pidly stubborn.

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aḍū (अडू).—m A clasp of iron connecting and binding two stones or timbers. A term of masonry. 2 The perch of a bird cage. 3 A bar (to keep people off &c.) 4 An instrument of stone-breakers,--the steel which is placed upon the stone and hammered. 5 A stick used to tighten by twisting round. 6 A stone or block or other thing used as a lever.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aḍū (अडू).—a Obstinate. aḍēlataṭṭū n A term for an obstinate person; a mule.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adū (अदू).—a. Ved. Not zealous, dilatory; not worshipping; आदुवः (āduvaḥ) Rv.7.4.6.

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Āḍū (आडू).—[al-ū, lasya ḍaḥ ni° vṛddhi Tv.]

1) A raft, a float.

2) Moon; L. D. B.

Derivable forms: āḍūḥ (आडूः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āḍū (आडू).—m.

(-ḍūḥ) A raft, a float. E. a neg. aṇa to sound, ḍa and ū Unadi affixes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Udāhu, (indecl.) (uta + āho, cp. P. uda & aho and Sk. utāro) disjunctive-adversative particle “...

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