Adu, Ādu, Adū, Āḍū: 18 definitions


Adu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Ādu (“goat”) refers to a type of animal form, representing one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The animals and birds found as vehicles for the deities or held as attributes or weapons in the hands of the deities are, for example, Ādu.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Adu in the Gujarati language refers to Ārdraka, a medicinal plant identified with Zingiber officinale Rosc. or “ginger root” from the Zingiberaceae or “ginger” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.27-29 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.—Note: Śuṇṭhi is dried and specially prepared form of Ārdraka by removing the outer scales of the rhizome. The major part of the oil of ginger remains in these scales and is obtained from the Śuṇṭhī/Ārdraka with scales.—The sixth chapter (pippalyādi-varga) of this book enumerates ninety-five varieties of plants obtained from the market (paṇyauṣadhi). Other than the Gujarati word Adu, there are more synonyms identified for this plant among which sixteen are in Sanskrit.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Adu (sheep) refers to a type of “privilege” applied to certain divisions of the Nambutiris. Adu refers to the right of performing holy sacrifices. The Nambutiri people form the socio-spiritual aristocracy of Malabar, and, as the traditional landlords of Parasu Rama’s land, they are everywhere held in great reverence.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Adu [આદું] in the Gujarati language is the name of a plant identified with Zingiber officinale Roscoe from the Zingiberaceae (Ginger) family. For the possible medicinal usage of adu, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Adu [आढू] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Prunus persica (L.) Stokes from the Rosaceae (Rose) family.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Adu in India is the name of a plant defined with Zingiber officinale in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Amomum zinziba Hill (among others).

2) Adu is also identified with Prunus persica It has the synonym Cerasus vulgaris Mill. (etc.).

3) Adu in Nigeria is also identified with Garcinia kola.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bull. Bot. Survey India (1972)
· Cytologia (1998)
· Plantas que curam e cortam feitiços. (1988)
· Enumeratio Plantarum Transsilvaniae Index. (1866)
· Cytologia (1997)
· Deutsche Flora. Pharmaceutisch-medicinische Botanik (1881)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Adu, for example pregnancy safety, chemical composition, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adu : (nt.) (of amu), such and such a thing. || ādu (ind.), or; but.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Adu, (or ādu) (indecl.) (perhaps identical with aduṃ, nt. of pron. asu) part. of affirmation: even, yea, nay; always in emphatic exclamations Vv 622 (= udāhu VvA.258; v. l. SS. ādu) = Pv IV.317 (ādu) = DhA.I, 31 (T. ādu, v. l. adu); Vv 631 (v. l. ādu); J.V, 330 (T. ādu, C. adu; expld. on p. 331 fantastically as aduñ ca aduñ ca kammaṃ karohī ti). See also ādu. (Page 26)

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Ādu, (indecl.) (see also adu) emphatic (adversative) part. (1) of affirmation & emphasis: but, indeed, rather J.III, 499 = VI, 443; V, 180; VI, 552. — (2) as 2nd component of a disjunctive question, mostly in corresponsion udāhu . . . ādu (= kiṃ . . . udāhu SnA 350), viz. is it so . . . or” Th.1, 1274 = Sn.354; Pv IV.317 = DhA.I, 31; J.V, 384; VI, 382; without udāhu at J.V, 460 (adu). The close connection with udāhu suggests an expln. of ādu as a somehow distorted abbreviation of udāhu. (Page 99)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aḍū (अडू).—a P (aḍa) Obstinate, stubborn, esp. stu pidly stubborn.

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aḍū (अडू).—m A clasp of iron connecting and binding two stones or timbers. A term of masonry. 2 The perch of a bird cage. 3 A bar (to keep people off &c.) 4 An instrument of stone-breakers,--the steel which is placed upon the stone and hammered. 5 A stick used to tighten by twisting round. 6 A stone or block or other thing used as a lever.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aḍū (अडू).—a Obstinate. aḍēlataṭṭū n A term for an obstinate person; a mule.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adū (अदू).—a. Ved. Not zealous, dilatory; not worshipping; आदुवः (āduvaḥ) Ṛgveda 7.4.6.

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Āḍū (आडू).—[al-ū, lasya ḍaḥ ni° vṛddhi Tv.]

1) A raft, a float.

2) Moon; L. D. B.

Derivable forms: āḍūḥ (आडूः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āḍū (आडू).—m.

(-ḍūḥ) A raft, a float. E. a neg. aṇa to sound, ḍa and ū Unadi affixes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādu (आदु).—[Middle] grieve, be afflicted.

Ādu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and du (दु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adū (अदू):—[=a-dū] mfn. dilatory, without zeal, not worshipping, [Ṛg-veda vii, 4, 6.]

2) Āḍu (आडु):—See āḍhyāḍu.

3) Āḍū (आडू):—m. or f. a raft, [Uṇādi-sūtra]

4) Ādu (आदु):—[=ā-du] -√1. du ([Ātmanepada] 2. sg. [imperative] -dunvasva, [Mahābhārata i, 3289]) to feel pain, be consumed by grief.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āḍū (आडू):—(ḍūḥ) 3. m. A raft.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āḍū (आडू):—(nm) a peach.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aḍu (ಅಡು):—

1) [verb] to prepare (food) by the use of heat, as by boiling, baking or roasting; to cook.

2) [verb] to be cooked; to boil oneself.

3) [verb] to be in an agitated or violent state;4) [verb] ಅಟ್ಟಿಕ್ಕು [attikku] aṭṭikku to cook and serve the food; ಅಟ್ಟೇಱಿಸು [atterisu] aṭṭērisu to keep the food cooked and ready; ಅಟ್ಟ ಪಾಯಸದಲ್ಲಿ ಕೆರ ಹೆಟ್ಟು [atta payasadalli kera hettu] aṭṭa pāyasadalli kera heṭṭu (prov.) to spoil another’s hard work; ಅಟ್ಟಮೇಲೆ ಒಲೆ ಉರಿಯಿತು, ಕೆಟ್ಟಮೇಲೆ ಬುದ್ಧಿ ಬಂತು [attamele ole uriyitu, kettamele buddhi bamtu] aṭṭamēle ole uriyitu, keṭṭamēle buddhi bantu (prov.) got the wisdom only when it was too late; ಅಟ್ಟರೂ, ಶಿವ ಕೊಟ್ಟಲ್ಲದೆ ಇಲ್ಲ [attaru, shiva kottallade illa] aṭṭarū Śiva koṭṭallade illa (prov.) mundane wealth, unless bestowed by the God, cannot carry you anywhere; ಅಟ್ಟಿಕ್ಕುವವನಿಗೆ ಹೆಂಡತಿಯಾಗಬೇಡ, ಮೊಟ್ಟೆಮಾರುವವನಿಗೆ ಆಳಾಗಬೇಡ [attikkuvavanige hemdatiyagabeda, mottemaruvavanige alagabeda] aṭṭikkuvavanige heṇḍatiyāgabēḍa, moṭṭehoruvavanige āḷāgabēḍa (prov.) do not be a slave to a slave; ಅಟ್ಟಿ ಉಣ್ಣುವುಡಕ್ಕಿಂತ ತಿರುದುಣ್ಣುವುದು ಲೇಸು [atti unnuvudakkimta tirudunnuvudu lesu] aṭṭi uṇṇuvudakkinta tiridu uṇṇuvudu lēsu (prov.) it is easy to live by begging, than by hard work; ಅಟ್ಟಿಕ್ಕಿದವರಿಗಿಂತ ಆರಿಸಿಕ್ಕಿದವರು ಮೇಲಾಗು [attikkidavarigimta arisikkidavaru melagu] (prov.) (said of a man who is more kind to his wife than to his mother) labours are forgotten fast, while shallow sympathy is extolled a lot; ಅಡುವಾಗ, ಇಕ್ಕುವಾಗ ಊರೆಲ್ಲಾ ನೆಂಟರು [aduvaga, ikkuvaga urella nemtaru] aḍuvāga ikkuvāga ūrellā neṇṭaru (prov.) people throng around you when you can help them, but not when you need help; ಅಡುವುದು ಗುಂಡಳಿಗೆ, ಬಡಿಸುವುದು ಬೀಸಳಿಗೆ [aduvudu gumdalige, badisuvudu bisalige] aḍuvudu guṇḍaḷige, baḍisuvudu bīsaḷige (prov.) God cures and the doctor takes the fee (or credit).

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Aḍu (ಅಡು):—[noun] a flat area of low vegetation dominated by grasses; a meadow.

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Adu (ಅದು):—

1) [pronoun] that; a) the animal, place or thing mentioned or understood; b) the thing farther away than another referred to as "this” ; c) the more remote in thought of two contrasted things (as in, of the two possibilities, this is more likely than that; d) (in interrogative sense, as a supportive pronoun) who, where, at which etc.

2) [pronoun] ಅದಲ್ಲದೆ, ಅದೂ ಅಲ್ಲದೆ [adallade, adu allade] adallade, adūallade besides; in addition ( to that);ಅದು ಇದು ಎನ್ನು [adu idu ennu] adu idu ennu to pause before doing or saying something, often because of unwillingness, uncertainty or being nervous about the result, outcome or one’s own capability; to hesitate; ಅದೆತಾನೆ, ಅದೇತಾನೆ [adetane, adetane] adetāne, adētāne just then;at that very point of time; ಅದೇ ಹತ್ತಿಗೆ ಅದೇ ನೂಲು [ade hattige ade nulu] adē hattige adēnūlu a monotonous repeating of what is said already.

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Āḍu (ಆಡು):—

1) [verb] to move oneself to and fro.

2) [verb] to dance; to act (as in a play).

3) [verb] to jump up in joy.

4) [verb] to play; to excite mirth in.

5) [verb] to engage or indulge oneself in playing dice, chess, etc.

6) [verb] to say; to tell; to utter; to speak.

7) [verb] to make a promise; to promise.

8) [verb] to deal with; to engage in a business.

9) [verb] to blame; to accuse; to abuse.

10) [verb] (in gen. used as a suffix to denote) to do; to be engaged in etc.(as in ಉಸಿರಾಡು, ಮಾತನಾಡು, ಕೈಯಾಡು, [usiradu, matanadu, kaiyadu,] etc.);11) [verb] ಆಡಗೊಡು [adagodu] āḍagoḍu to allow, permit, to play; ಆಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳು [adikollu] āḍikoḷḷu to play oneself; 2. to say to oneself; 23. to speak low of; to jeer; to deride; ಆಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವವರ ಮುಂದೆ ಎಡವಿಬೀಳು [adikolluvavara mumde edavibilu] āḍikoḷḷuvavara munde eḍavi bīḷu to commit a blunder in presence of mean critics who are eager to jeer at ; ಆಡಿ ಉಂಡ ಮೈ, ಅಟ್ಟು ಉಂಡೀತೆ [adi umda mai, attu umdite]? āḍi uṇḍa mai, aṭṭu uṇḍīte? one who is used to easy-life, never toils; ಆಡಿ ತಪ್ಪಬೇಡ, ಓಡಿಸಿಕ್ಕಬೇಡ [adi tappabeda, odisikkabeda] āḍi tappa bēḍa, ōḍi sikka bēḍa be slow to promise and quick to perform; ಆಡಿದ ಕಾಲೂ, ಹಾಡಿದ ಬಾಯೂ ಸುಮ್ಮನೆ ಇರವು [adida kalu, hadida bayu summane iravu] āḍida kālū, hāḍida bāyū summane iravu one is driven by the deep rooted habits; ಆಡಿದ ಮಾತು, ಬಿಟ್ಟ ಬಾಣ, ಎರಡೂ ಹಿಂದಕ್ಕೆ ಬರವು [adida matu, bitta bana, eradu himdakke baravu] āḍida mātu, biṭṭa bāṇa, eraḍū hindakke baravu words once spoken, an arrow once shot, never come back (hence, think before you speak); ಆಡಿದರೆ ಅರಗಿಣಿ, ಕಾಡಿದರೆ ನಾಗರಹಾವು [adidare aragini, kadidare nagarahavu] (ಕಾಳಿಂಗ ಸರ್ಪ [kalimga sarpa]) āḍidare a ragiṇi, kāḍidare nāgarahāvu (kāḷiŋga sarpa) (a person) is good to others when in good mood, and a terror when wild; ಆಡಿದ್ದೆ ಮಾತು, ಹೋದದ್ದೆ ದಾರಿ [adidde matu, hodadde dari] āḍiddē mātu, hōdaddē dāri the tendency of acting arrogantly without listening to the advice of others; ಆಡಿದ್ದೆ ಆಟ, ಮಾಡಿದ್ದೆ ಮಾಟ [adidde ata, madidde mata] āḍiddē āṭa, māḍidde māṭa unrestrained words and action; ಆಡಿಬಂದ ಕತ್ತೆ ದುಡಿದುಬಂದ ಕತ್ತೆಯನ್ನು ಓಡಾಡಿಸಿಕೊಂಡು ಒದೆಯಿತು [adibamda katte dudidubamda katteyannu odadisikomdu odeyitu] āḍi banda katte, duḍidu banda katteyannu ōḍāḍisikoṇḍu odeyitu he who loiters his time, humiliates the hard and sincere worker; ಆಡಿ ತೋರಿಸುವುದಕ್ಕಿಂತ ಮಾಡಿ ತೋರಿಸು [adi torisuvudakkimta madi torisu] āḍi tōrisuvudakkinta māḍi tōrisu action speaks louder than words; ಆಡುತ್ತಾ ಆಡುತ್ತಾ ಭಾಷೆ, ಹಾಡುತ್ತಾ ಹಾಡುತ್ತಾ ರಾಗ [adutta adutta bhashe, hadutta hadutta raga] āḍuttāāḍuttā bhāṣe, hāḍuttā hāḍuttā rāga practice makes perfect; ಆಡುವವರ ಮಕ್ಕಳು ಆಡಬೇಕು, ಬೇಡುವವರ ಮಕ್ಕಳು ಬೇಡಬೇಕು [aduvavara makkalu adabeku, beduvavara makkalu bedabeku] āḍuvavara makkaḷu āḍabēku, bēḍuvavra makkaḷu bēḍabēku every man to his trade, quoth the boy to the bishop; ಆಡುವುದು ಮಡಿ, ಉಂಬುವುದು ಮೈಲಿಗೆ [aduvudu madi, umbuvudu mailige] āḍuvudu maḍi, umbuvudu mailige they talk like angels but live like men; many talk like philosophers and live like fools; ಕೆಟ್ಟು ಆಡಿದ್ದಕ್ಕೆ ನೇತಾಡಿದ್ದೇ ಸಾಕ್ಷಿ [kettu adiddakke netadidde sakshi] keṭṭu āḍiddakke nētāḍiddē sākṣi (prov.) he who commits a crime or sin has to have its fruits; as you sow, so you reap; ಮಾಡಿದವರ ಪಾಪ ಆಡಿದವರ ಬಾಯಲ್ಲಿ [madidavara papa adidavara bayalli] māḍidavara pāpa āḍidavara bāyalli he who indulges in talking about the sin of a sinner, shall share his sin for himself.

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Āḍu (ಆಡು):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of playing; a play.

2) [noun] rhythmic movement of the body and feet, to music; dance; dancing.

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Āḍu (ಆಡು):—[noun] any of a genus (Capra) of wild or domesticated bovid ruminants with hollow horns; a goat (of either gender); ಆಡಿನ ಕೊರಳಿನ ಮೊಲೆ [adina koralina mole] āḍina koraḷina mole a nipple-like protuberance pending from the neck of some goats; 2. (fig.) any useless thing; ಆಡು ಬೆಳೆದರೆ ಆನೆಯಾಗುತ್ತದೆಯೇ [adu beledare aneyaguttadeye]? āḍu beḷedare āneyāguttdeyē? an ant-hill, however big it is, cannot become the Everest; ಆಡು ಮುಟ್ಟದ ಸೊಪ್ಪು ಇಲ್ಲ [adu muttada soppu illa] āḍumuṭṭada soppu illa (said of a versatile person) he/she has actively involved in all aspects (in a particular field, as in art, literature, public service, etc.).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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