Adhyardha: 9 definitions


Adhyardha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Adhyardha (अध्यर्ध) refers to a one of the twenty maṇḍalas, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12. It is also known by the name Adhyardhaka. The Adhyardha-maṇḍala is classified as a ākāśa, or “aerial”, of which there are ten in total. A maṇḍala is a combination of cārīs (“dance-steps”), which refers refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

Source: Natya Shastra

Adhyardha (अध्यर्ध).—A type of maṇḍala (series of cārīs) classified as earthly (bhūmi);—Instructions:

1) The right foot (to be moved successively) in the janitā and syanditā-cārīs,
2) The left foot in the apakrāntā (apasarpitā) cārī and the right foot in the śakaṭāsyā-cārī.
3) Moving around alternately in these cārīs, will be the cārī-maṇḍala named adhyardha to be used in personal combat.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhyardha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhyardha (अध्यर्ध).—a. [adhikamardhaṃ yasya] Having an additional half; अध्यर्धयोजनं गत्वा सरय्वा दक्षिणे तटे (adhyardhayojanaṃ gatvā sarayvā dakṣiṇe taṭe) Rām.1.22.11; Bṛ. Up.3.9.1. एकाधिकं हरेज्जयेष्ठः पुत्रोऽध्यर्धं ततोऽनुजः (ekādhikaṃ harejjayeṣṭhaḥ putro'dhyardhaṃ tato'nujaḥ) Manusmṛti 9.117; शतमध्यर्धमायता (śatamadhyardhamāyatā) Mb., i. e. 15; °योजनशतात् (yojanaśatāt) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.18. (in comp. with a following noun) Amounting to or worth one and a half; °कंस (kaṃsa) amounting to one and a half Kaṃsa; so °काकिणीक, कार्षापण-णिक, °खारीक, °पण्य, °पाद्य, °प्रतिक, °भाष्य, °विंशतिकीन, °शत-त्य, °श-शा-तमान, °शाण, °शाण्य, °शूर्प, °सहस्र, °सौवर्ण (kākiṇīka, kārṣāpaṇa-ṇika, °khārīka, °paṇya, °pādya, °pratika, °bhāṣya, °viṃśatikīna, °śata-tya, °śa-śā-tamāna, °śāṇa, °śāṇya, °śūrpa, °sahasra, °sauvarṇa) &c. (P.V.1.28-35.).

-rdhaḥ Wind (yadasmin idaṃ sarvaṃ adhyārdhnot adhikamavardhayat tena adhyardhaḥ pavanaḥ iti sthitam Bṛ. Up.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyardha (अध्यर्ध).—i. e. adhi-ardha, adj. One and a half, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9. 117.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyardha (अध्यर्ध).—[adjective] one and a half.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyardha (अध्यर्ध):—[=adhy-ardha] mf(ā)n. ‘having an additional half’, one and a half.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyardha (अध्यर्ध):—[bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-rdhaḥ-rdhā-rdham) One and a half, having an extra half. See also sārdha. (In derivatives of compounds the first part of which is adhyardha and which have the meaning of ‘measuring or weighing, worth, containing, bought for, produced from, consisting of &c.’, the affix which would be required, is dropped in many instances; see f. i. adhyardhakaṃsa, adhyardhaśūrpa &c.) E. adhi and ardha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adhyardha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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